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Area of residence and alcohol-related mortality risk: a five-year follow-up study / S. CONNOLLY ; D. O'REILLY ; M. ROSATO ; C. CARDWELL in Addiction, Vol.106, n°1 (January 2011)
Titre : Area of residence and alcohol-related mortality risk: a five-year follow-up study Titre traduit : (Zone de résidence et risque de mortalité lié à l'alcool : un étude de suivi sur cinq ans) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : S. CONNOLLY ; D. O'REILLY ; M. ROSATO ; C. CARDWELL Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 84-92 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
IRLANDE DU NORD
ETUDE LONGITUDINALE ; ALCOOL ; MORTALITE ; MILIEU URBAIN ; MILIEU RURAL ; HABITAT ; DEMOGRAPHIE ; CATEGORIE SOCIO-PROFESSIONNELLE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : AIMS: To examine differences in alcohol-related mortality risk between areas, while adjusting for the characteristics of the individuals living within these areas. DESIGN: A 5-year longitudinal study of individual and area characteristics of those dying and not dying from alcohol-related deaths. SETTING: The Northern Ireland Mortality study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 720,627 people aged 25-74, enumerated in the Northern Ireland 2001 Census, not living in communal establishments. MEASUREMENTS: Five hundred and seventy-eight alcohol-related deaths. FINDINGS: There was an increased risk of alcohol-related mortality among disadvantaged individuals, and divorced, widowed and separated males. The risk of an alcohol-related death was significantly higher in deprived areas for both males [hazard ratio (HR) 3.70; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.65, 5.18] and females (HR 2.67 (95% CI 1.72, 4.15); however, once adjustment was made for the characteristics of the individuals living within areas, the excess risk for more deprived areas disappeared. Both males and females in rural areas had a reduced risk of an alcohol-related death compared to their counterparts in urban areas; these differences remained after adjustment for the composition of the people within these areas. CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol-related mortality is higher in more deprived, compared to more affluent areas; however, this appears to be due to characteristics of individuals within deprived areas, rather than to some independent effect of area deprivation per se. Risk of alcohol-related mortality is lower in rural than urban areas, but the cause is unknown. Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 35 Affiliation : Centre for Public Health, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom / Royaume-Uni Lien : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03103.x/abstract Permalink :
in Addiction > Vol.106, n°1 (January 2011) . - 84-92[article]Cannabis in Europe: Dynamics in perception, policy and markets / D. J. KORF
Titre : Cannabis in Europe: Dynamics in perception, policy and markets Type de document : Livre Auteurs : D. J. KORF Editeur : Lengerich : Pabst Science Publishers Année de publication : 2008 Collection : European Society for Social Drug Research (ESSD) Series Importance : 174 p. ISBN/ISSN/EAN : 978-3-89967-512-2 Note générale : Les auteurs ont participé à la 18e conférence annuelle à Varsovie en oct. 2007 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
CANNABIS ; SANTE PUBLIQUE ; RECHERCHE ; PRODUCTION REGLEMENTEE ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; PERCEPTION ; REPRESENTATION SOCIALE ; POLITIQUE ; REVENDEUR ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; PREVENTION ; CULTURE PRIVEE
EUROPE ; FRANCE ; DANEMARK ; PAYS-BAS ; BELGIQUE ; ROYAUME-UNI ; IRLANDE DU NORD ; HONGRIE
Discipline : MAR Marché de la drogue / Drug market Résumé : After its re-introduction in the 1960s, cannabis has become the most widely used illicit drug in Europe. Along with the spread of cannabis use, its social meaning has changed over time. Today old paradigms are having renewed appeal, in particular on the subject of cannabis and schizophrenia. « Cannabis in Europe » is about trends in the scientific study on cannabis, changing national policies and changing cannabis markets. Recent years show a strong tendency towards market substitution: from hashish imported from other parts of the world to domestically grown marihuana. Who are these marihuana growers? How do national policies respond to this new phenomenon? Why has cannabis policy become liberal in some countries, while in others it develops in a more repressive direction? In this book, scientists from various European countries present a rich insight into similarities and differences between national cannabis markets, and critically discuss policies and police, treatment and prevention practices. (Editor's abstract) Note de contenu : CONTENTS:
Dirk J. Korf: Cannabis research in Europe: an introduction.
Dominique Vuillaume: Changing scientific perspectives on cannabis use.
Helle Vibeke Dahl, Vibeke Asmussen Frank & Torsten Kolind: Cannabis treatment in Danish prisions: a product of new directions in national drug policy?
Marije Wouters: Controlling cannabis cultivation in the Netherlands.
Tom Decorte: Domestic marihuana cultivation in Belgium: on (un)intended effects of drug policy on the cannabis market.
Garfield (Garry) Potter: The growth of cannabis cultivation: explanations for import substitution in the UK.
Bernd Werse: Retail markets for cannabis users, sharers, go-betweens and stash dealers.
Caral Stevenson: Cannabis supply in Northern Ireland. Perspectives from users.
Freya Vander Laenen & Eveline De Wree: Why the prevention of cannabis use does not work: vulnerable young peoples analysis.
Péter Sárosi & Zsolt Demetrovics: Cannabis in Hungary: drug policy, legislation and civil movements.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Affiliation : The Netherlands Cote : L01216 Permalink : Cannabis use: what's law got to do with it? Perceptions and knowledge of cannabis policy from the user perspective in Northern Ireland / C. STEVENSON in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, Vol.19, n°2 (April 2012)
Titre : Cannabis use: what's law got to do with it? Perceptions and knowledge of cannabis policy from the user perspective in Northern Ireland Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : C. STEVENSON Année de publication : 2012 Article en page(s) : 129-136 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
IRLANDE DU NORD ; ROYAUME-UNI
CANNABIS ; REPRESENTATION SOCIALE ; OPINION PUBLIQUE ; USAGER ; ETUDE QUALITATIVE ; SANCTION PENALE
Discipline : SHS Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences Résumé : AIMS: The past several years have seen changes and additions to drug policy in the UK; however, the opinion and attitude of those who use the drug is rarely discussed. The aim of this article is to examine attitudes to cannabis policy among adults who use the drug in Northern Ireland. The article also aims to consider these opinions in the context of the UK generally and draws parallels with other international regions.
METHODS: Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 38 adults aged 18–59 with a range of levels of cannabis experience. The sample included 22 males and 16 females. Respondents were recruited using a snowball sampling procedure from both urban (city and small town) and rural locations in Northern Ireland.
FINDINGS: The findings illustrate that the majority of the sample had some knowledge of cannabis policy but were unaware of the implications of possession for users. The results showed that people who used cannabis were relatively unconcerned about legal penalties.
CONCLUSION: Cannabis users tend to consume the drug irrespective of policy. The reclassification of cannabis resulted in confusion as to what the penalties were, users continued to use cannabis irrespective of the law prior to and following reclassification and they felt that policy was irrelevant to use.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 34 Affiliation : School of Health and Social Care, Oxford Brookes University, Marston, Oxford, UK Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy > Vol.19, n°2 (April 2012) . - 129-136[article]Drug use has declined among teenagers in United Kingdom / M. PLANT
Titre : Drug use has declined among teenagers in United Kingdom Titre traduit : (L'usage de drogues chez les adolescents a diminué au Royaume Uni.) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : M. PLANT ; P. MILLER Année de publication : 2000 Importance : 1536-1540 Présentation : tabl. Note générale : British Medical Journal, 2000, 320, (7248), 1536-1540 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ADOLESCENT ; ETUDE LONGITUDINALE ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; SEXE FEMININ ; SEXE MASCULIN ; CONSOMMATION ; PREVALENCE ; EVOLUTION
ROYAUME-UNI ; ECOSSE ; IRLANDE DU NORD ; PAYS DE GALLES ; ANGLETERRE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé :
During 1995 a survey of illicit drug use was conducted among teenagers in Europe. The United Kingdom and 22 other countries participated. British teenagers reported the highest rates of drug use. The survey was repeated in 1999. The population sampled in 1999 consisted of 15 and 16 year old students attending state and private schools in the United Kingdom. Information was elicited from 1280 boys and 1361 girls in 223 schools. A third of girls and 39.5% of boys had used illicit drugs. A total of 36.5% had used cannabis. Glues and solvents had been used by 18.6%, lysergide by 5.2%, amphetamines by 8.9%, and ecstasy (methylenedioxymethamphetamine) by 5.0%. There were several regional variations. Students in Scotland were more likely than others to have used cannabis, any illicit drug, and amphetamines. Respondents in Scotland and Northern Ireland were more likely than others to have used ecstasy and heroin. Those in Northern Ireland reported the greatest use of glues and solvents. Most forms of drug use had declined since 1995. Girls showed significant reductions in their use of cannabis, any illicit drug, solvents, lysergide, amphetamines, "pills" combined with alcohol, ecstasy, and tranquillisers. Among boys the significant falls were in cannabis, any illicit drug, solvents, lysergide, amphetamines, "pills" combined with alcohol, ecstasy, and crack cocaine. The only exception to this trend was heroin, whose use, though still rare, had risen in both sexes. (Editor' s abstract)
Note de contenu : tabl. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 2 Affiliation : Alcohol Hlth Res. Ctre, City Hosp., Edinburgh EH10 5SB
Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom.
Numéro Toxibase : 206081 Centre Emetteur : 02 Coordonnateur Permalink : Drug use in Ireland and Northern Ireland. 2006/2007 Drug Prevalence Survey: cannabis results / NACD (Dublin) ; PHIRB
Titre : Drug use in Ireland and Northern Ireland. 2006/2007 Drug Prevalence Survey: cannabis results Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : NACD (Dublin) ; PHIRB Mention d'édition : Bulletin 3 Editeur : Dublin : NACD (National Advisory Committee on Drugs) Année de publication : 2008 Autre Editeur : Dublin : Public Health Information and Research Branch (PHIRB) Importance : 48 p. Présentation : tabl. Langues : Français (fre) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
TYPE D'USAGE ; CANNABIS ; ENQUETE ; PREVALENCE ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; EVOLUTION ; SEXE ; AGE
IRLANDE ; IRLANDE DU NORD
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : This bulletin provides a comprehensive overview of many different aspects of cannabis use in Ireland and Northern Ireland. It presents data gathered in the All-Ireland Drug Prevalence Survey 2006/2007 relating to cannabis use on a lifetime (ever used), last year (recent use), and last month (current use) basis and compares these results with 2002/3 data. The bulletin also examines age of first use, regular use, types of cannabis used, method by which cannabis is used, how and where cannabis is obtained, reasons for stopping use, attitudes towards cannabis use, perceptions of risk and the profile of typical cannabis users. The survey was carried out by Ipsos MORI in Ireland and by the Central Survey Unit of the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency in Northern Ireland according to standards set by the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA). (Editor' s abstract) Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : E00837 Lien : http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/11464/ Permalink : European trends towards smoke-free provisions. Status February 2006 / European Network for Smoking PreventionPermalinkExperiences with mephedrone pre- and post-legislative controls: Perceptions of safety and sources of supply / K. McELRATH ; C. O'NEILL in International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol.22, n°2 (March 2011)PermalinkFact, fiction, and function: mythmaking and the social construction of ecstasy use / K. MAC ELRATH ; K. MAC EVOYPermalinkGender differences in psychotropic use across Europe: Results from a large cross-sectional, population-based study / A. BOYD ; S. VAN DE VELDE ; M. PIVETTE ; M. TEN HAVE ; S. FLORESCU ; S. O’NEILL ; J. M. CALDAS-DE-ALMEIDA ; G. VILAGUT ; J. M. HARO ; J. ALONSO ; V. KOVESS-MASFETY in European Psychiatry, Vol.30, n°6 (September 2015)PermalinkHealth and Social Care workers' perceptions of NPS use in Northern Ireland / A. CAMPBELL ; N. O NEILL ; K. HIGGINS in International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol.40 (February 2017)PermalinkHeroin addiction and the British system. Vol. 1. Origins and evolution / J. STRANGPermalinkHeroin use in Northern Ireland: a qualitative study into heroin user's lifestyles, experiences, and risk behaviours (1997-1999) / K. McELRATHPermalinkLegislation for smoke-free workplaces and health of bar workers in Ireland: before and after study / S. ALLWRIGHTPermalinkMephedrone and multiplicity: User accounts of effects and harms / N. O'NEILL in Contemporary Drug Problems, Vol.41, n°3 (Fall 2014)PermalinkA preference for mephedrone: drug markets, drugs of choice, and the emerging "legal high" scene / K. McELRATH ; M. C. VAN HOUT in Journal of Drug Issues, Vol.41, n°4 (Fall 2011)Permalink