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Vol.26, n°1 - January-February 2011 - Alcohol special (Bulletin de Druglink)
[n° ou bulletin]
est un bulletin de Druglink
Titre : Vol.26, n°1 - January-February 2011 - Alcohol special Type de document : Périodique Année de publication : 2011 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ALCOOL ; ABUS ; TYPE D'USAGE ; REGLEMENTATION ; PUBLICITE ; COMA ETHYLIQUE ; ABUS SEXUEL ; LSD
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Résumé : Alcohol is the focus of the January-February issue of Druglink magazine. We take a look at the drink licensing system in Cardiff, a city with one of the worst binge-drinking reputations in the UK. There are also reports on the thinking behind alcohol advertising and the use of drink as a precursor and symptom of sex exploitation. Finally, we return to Wales, but this time in 1970s, when the area was home to the world's biggest LSD factory. [Editor's abstract] Note de contenu : CONTENTS:
- Charity to re-ignite contraception debate by offering long term jabs and implants.
- Shoplifting the crime of choice for Class A drug offenders.
- Inside DrugScope.
- News focus: Drink problem.
MAIN FEATURES - ALCOHOL SPECIAL:
• License to swill: Rebecca Lees on Cardiff's drink licensing regulations.
• Order, order: Andrea Wren looks back at the history of alcohol regulation in England, from the Middle Ages to the 21st century.
• Drinking games: When researchers were given access to thousands of documents from drinks firms, much was revealed about the underlying messages portrayed in alcohol adverts. Max Daly reports.
• After shock: When Sam Hart found her 14-year-old daughter comatose from alcohol it left her confused and scared. Here, she looks at the tricky balancing act of dealing with kids and drinking.
• The other side of alcohol and sex: Links between substance misuse and sexual exploitation are often more complex than we presume. By Shannon Harvey.
ALSO IN THIS ISSUE:
- The acid house: In the first of a two part look at Britain as a producer of illegal drugs, Peter Simonson revisits the 1970s, when a remote Welsh mansion was home to the world's biggest LSD factory.
- Druglink interview: Maryon Stewart, Drugs campaigner.
- Reality TV: Liz Blackender on how the offer of a pair of new trainers and a flash TV persuaded a heroin user to leave the streets.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Permalink : [n° ou bulletin]Vulnerability to alcohol-related problems: a policy brief with implications for the regulation of alcohol marketing [For debate] / T. F. BABOR ; K. ROBAINA ; J. K. NOEL ; E. B. RITSON in Addiction, Vol.112, Suppl.1 (January 2017)
Titre : Vulnerability to alcohol-related problems: a policy brief with implications for the regulation of alcohol marketing [For debate] Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : T. F. BABOR ; K. ROBAINA ; J. K. NOEL ; E. B. RITSON Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : 94-101 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; FACTEUR DE VULNERABILITE ; MARKETING ; POLITIQUE ; ADOLESCENT ; ENFANT ; DEPENDANCE ; SEXE FEMININ ; GROSSESSE ; REGLEMENTATION
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Résumé : Background and Aims: The concern that alcohol advertising can have detrimental effects on vulnerable viewers has prompted the development of codes of responsible advertising practices. This paper evaluates critically the concept of vulnerability as it applies to (1) susceptibility to alcohol-related harm and (2) susceptibility to the effects of marketing, and describes its implications for the regulation of alcohol marketing.
Method: We describe the findings of key published studies, review papers and expert reports to determine whether these two types of vulnerability apply to population groups defined by (1) age and developmental history; (2) personality characteristics; (3) family history of alcoholism; (4) female sex and pregnancy risk; and (5) history of alcohol dependence and recovery status.
Results: Developmental theory and research suggest that groups defined by younger age, incomplete neurocognitive development and a history of alcohol dependence may be particularly vulnerable because of the disproportionate harm they experience from alcohol and their increased susceptibility to alcohol marketing. Children may be more susceptible to media imagery because they do not have the ability to compensate for biases in advertising portrayals and glamorized media imagery.
Conclusion: Young people and people with a history of alcohol dependence appear to be especially vulnerable to alcohol marketing, warranting the development of new content and exposure guidelines focused on protecting those groups to improve current self-regulation codes promoted by the alcohol industry. If adequate protections cannot be implemented through this mechanism, statutory regulations should be considered.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Refs biblio. : 87 Affiliation : Department of Community Medicine and Health Care, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT, USA Cote : Abonnement Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.13626 Permalink :
in Addiction > Vol.112, Suppl.1 (January 2017) . - 94-101[article]Washington State marijuana impact report / Northwest High Intensity Drug Traffificking Area
Titre : Washington State marijuana impact report Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : Northwest High Intensity Drug Traffificking Area Editeur : Seattle, WA : NWHIDTA Année de publication : 2016 Importance : 143 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
CANNABIS ; LEGALISATION ; EVOLUTION ; ADOLESCENT ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL ; CONDUITE DE VEHICULE ; PREVALENCE ; ADULTE JEUNE ; ADULTE ; PRODUCTION ; REGLEMENTATION ; CRIMINALITE
Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Résumé : Adults in Washington state rank among the highest users of marijuana in the nation, pot is disrupting the classroom and cannabis grown in The Evergreen State is being illegally exported across America, concludes a new report that examines the impacts of the drug since voters legalized it for recreational use in 2012. [...]
The Washington State Marijuana Impact Report was prepared by the Northwest High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (NW HIDTA) a Seattle-based office administered by the National Office of Drug Control Policy. Besides law enforcement, NW HIDTA provides assistance to the state's substance abuse prevention community, drug courts, tribes and other organizations in areas that are known for the movement of drugs and other illicit substances.
The report indicates that even with the legalization of recreational marijuana the black market is still thriving in the state, fueled in part by the medical marijuana industry that has gone largely unregulated and continuing market demand beyond what is sold in legal retail stores. The recreational and medical markets are slated to merge in July due to legislation passed in 2015.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Affiliation : Seattle, WA, USA Lien : http://www.mfiles.org/home/nw-hidta/marijuana-impact-report Permalink : What products are considered psychoactive under New Zealand's legal market for new psychoactive substances (NPS, 'legal highs')? Implications for law enforcement and penalties / M. RYCHERT ; C. WILKINS in Drug Testing and Analysis, Vol.8, n°7-8 (July-August 2016)
Titre : What products are considered psychoactive under New Zealand's legal market for new psychoactive substances (NPS, 'legal highs')? Implications for law enforcement and penalties Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : M. RYCHERT ; C. WILKINS Année de publication : 2016 Article en page(s) : 768-778 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
DROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; LEGISLATION ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; PRODUIT LICITE ; CLASSIFICATION ; KAVA ; SALVIA DIVINORUM ; OXYDE NITRIQUE ; CRIMINALITE ; SANCTION PENALE ; REGLEMENTATION
Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Résumé : The problem of defining what psychoactive products and substances should be covered by legislation aimed at controlling new psychoactive substances (NPS; 'legal highs') is central to the current debate on designing new legislative responses to NPS. In New Zealand, implementation of the Psychoactive Substances Act 2013 (PSA) revealed uncertainties about which psychoactive products are covered by the new regime, with important implications for legal penalties. We reviewed five pieces of legislation which can cover substances with psychoactive properties: PSA, Misuse of Drugs Act (MODA), Food Act, Dietary Supplements Regulations and Medicines Act. Our analysis revealed that a number of psychoactive substances which are not MODA-scheduled may potentially fall under more than one regulatory regime, including kava, Salvia divinorum, nitrous oxide, 25I-NBOMe, and 1,3-dimethylbutylamine (DMBA). For example, kava may be classified as a food, a dietary supplement, a herbal remedy, or a psychoactive substance, depending on how it is presented (including advertising and labelling). There are considerable differences in penalties and regulatory requirements between the different legislative regimes and these may result in unnecessary prosecutions or ‘gaming’ of the system. We discuss a number of ways to more clearly categorize products, including a public schedule of psychoactive substances and products, demarcation criteria based on the quantity of the active ingredient, and demarcation based on 'discernible intoxication'. Routine use of forensic testing is essential to ensure appropriate prosecutions and penalties. Robust safety standards are also required in legislative regimes exempted from psychoactive substances regime to prevent 'creative compliance'. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Domaine : Autres substances / Other substances ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Refs biblio. : 102 Affiliation : SHORE & Whariki Research Centre, College of Health, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in Drug Testing and Analysis > Vol.8, n°7-8 (July-August 2016) . - 768-778[article]What to consider when regulating electronic cigarettes: Pros, cons and unintended consequences [Commentary] / P. CAPONNETTO ; D. SAITTA ; D. SWEANOR ; R. POLOSA in International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol.26, n°6 (June 2015)
Titre : What to consider when regulating electronic cigarettes: Pros, cons and unintended consequences [Commentary] Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : P. CAPONNETTO ; D. SAITTA ; D. SWEANOR ; R. POLOSA Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : 554-559 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
EUROPE ; ETATS-UNIS
CIGARETTE ELECTRONIQUE ; REGLEMENTATION ; SANTE PUBLIQUE ; TABAC
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Résumé : Many public health experts, medical research societies, large health organizations and policy makers have expressed concerns about the increased popularity of electronic cigarettes and have pushed for more restrictive measures ranging from complete bans to tight regulations of these products either as medicines or as tobacco products. But these concerns have never been adequately qualified nor quantified. Without judicious assessment and thorough evaluation, regulations may have unintended consequences that can do more damage than good in public health terms. In this article, we will appraise the existing prominent regulatory frameworks for e-cigarettes, namely, general consumer product, medicinal product and tobacco product regulation, to highlight their pros and cons. Moreover, we provide concrete examples of the unintended consequences which may arise from inappropriate regulatory action.
To provide e-cigs regulation that maximizes their impact as a low-risk replacement.
Involving consumers in the regulatory process, will help policy makers.
Consumers will help policy makers point out unintended consequences of any actions.
Regulatory measures should address safety-quality standards.
Should primarily address verification of nicotine levels and ingredients.
Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Affiliation : Centro per la Prevenzione e Cura del Tabagismo, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria "Policlinico-V. Emanuele", Catania, Italy Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in International Journal of Drug Policy > Vol.26, n°6 (June 2015) . - 554-559[article]When the chips are down: Problem gambling in America. A Century Foundation report / R. A. VOLBERGPermalinkWHO expert committee on drug dependence. 32nd report / OMS / WHOPermalinkWHO Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation. Report on the scientific basis of tobacco product regulation: Fifth report of a WHO study group / OMS / WHOPermalinkWho thinks what about e-cigarette regulation? A content analysis of UK newspapers / C. PATTERSON ; S. HILTON ; H. WEISHAAR in Addiction, Vol.111, n°7 (July 2016)PermalinkWhy buprenorphine is so successful in treating opiate addiction in France / M. FATSEAS ; M. AURIACOMBE in Current Psychiatry Reports, Vol.9, n°5 (October 2007)PermalinkWhy the concept had to change / P. TOONPermalinkWorkplace smoking. Working paper : a review of national and local practical and regulatory measures / OITPermalinkWorld drug report. World drug report 2000 / UNODCCPPermalinkA world of opportunities : life-style and economic behavior of heroin addicts in Amsterdam / M. GRAPENDAALPermalinkYoung people and alcohol: Some statistics on possible effects of lowering the drinking age / B. LASHPermalink