Ajouter le résultat dans votre panier Faire une suggestion Affiner la recherche
Worldwide application of prevention science in adolescent health. Series "Adolescent Health" 3 in Lancet (The), Vol.379, n°9826 (Apr 28, 2012)
Titre : Worldwide application of prevention science in adolescent health. Series "Adolescent Health" 3 Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. F. CATALANO ; A. A. FAGAN ; L. E. GAVIN ; M. T. GREENBERG ; C. E. IRWIN ; D. A. ROSS ; D. T. L. SHEK Année de publication : 2012 Article en page(s) : 1653-1664 Note générale : • Editorial: Putting adolescents at the centre of health and development, p. 1561.
• Comment: Seizing the opportunities of adolescent health. Resnick M.D., Catalano R.F., Sawyer S.M., Viner R., Patton G.C., p. 1564-1567.
• Comment: Adolescent health in the 21st century. Blum R.W., Bastos F.I.P.M., Kabiru C.W., Le L.C., p. 1567-1568.
Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ADOLESCENT ; PREVENTION ; SANTE PUBLIQUE ; EDUCATION POUR LA SANTE ; EFFICACITE ; PROGRAMME
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Résumé : The burden of morbidity and mortality from non-communicable disease has risen worldwide and is accelerating in low-income and middle-income countries, whereas the burden from infectious diseases has declined. Since this transition, the prevention of non-communicable disease as well as communicable disease causes of adolescent mortality has risen in importance. Problem behaviours that increase the short-term or long-term likelihood of morbidity and mortality, including alcohol, tobacco, and other drug misuse, mental health problems, unsafe sex, risky and unsafe driving, and violence are largely preventable. In the past 30 years new discoveries have led to prevention science being established as a discipline designed to mitigate these problem behaviours. Longitudinal studies have provided an understanding of risk and protective factors across the life course for many of these problem behaviours. Risks cluster across development to produce early accumulation of risk in childhood and more pervasive risk in adolescence. This understanding has led to the construction of developmentally appropriate prevention policies and programmes that have shown short-term and long-term reductions in these adolescent problem behaviours. We describe the principles of prevention science, provide examples of efficacious preventive interventions, describe challenges and potential solutions to take efficacious prevention policies and programmes to scale, and conclude with recommendations to reduce the burden of adolescent mortality and morbidity worldwide through preventive intervention. Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Refs biblio. : 111 Affiliation : Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA Permalink :
in Lancet (The) > Vol.379, n°9826 (Apr 28, 2012) . - 1653-1664[article]"Yo! This is no lie, if you smoke, you die": a content analysis of anti-smoking posters created by adolescents / S. C. BANERJEE ; K. GREENE in Journal of Substance Use, Vol.18, n°2 (April 2013)
Titre : "Yo! This is no lie, if you smoke, you die": a content analysis of anti-smoking posters created by adolescents Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : S. C. BANERJEE ; K. GREENE Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 119-128 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
TABAC ; ADOLESCENT ; AFFICHAGE ; PREVENTION
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Résumé : Introduction: Exposure to anti-smoking messages is strongly associated with lower smoking initiation by adolescents. However, few anti-smoking efforts have involved message generation by adolescents themselves. This article presents a content analysis of anti-smoking posters created by middle school students in two northeastern schools in the United States. Understanding how smoking prevention messages should be framed from the perspective of young teens will provide us with formative information about what kinds of smoking prevention messages teens believe are effective.
Methods: 50 anti-smoking posters created by adolescents (11-14 years) were content analysed, with a focus around three broad areas: effects of smoking portrayed in posters, specific ways of message depiction in posters and use of slogans.
Result: Results of content analysis reveal that appearance-related factors (44%) were most commonly used to convey harmful health effects of smoking, followed by messages about death and dying (30%), before-after effects of smoking (22%), other sickness-related effects of smoking (20%) and cancer (12%). Supplemental thematic analysis revealed that in a majority of posters pictures were exaggerated and were dominant part of the posters.
Discussion: These results provide information about anti-smoking messages/themes perceived as efficacious by young adolescents and have implications for developing anti-smoking messages for adolescents.
Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Affiliation : Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA Cote : Abonnement Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/14659891.2011.615883 Permalink :
in Journal of Substance Use > Vol.18, n°2 (April 2013) . - 119-128[article]Young adult offspring of parents with drinking problems: a study of childhood family cohesion using simple family diagrams / J. ORFORD in Journal of Substance Use, Vol.8 n°3 (2003)
Titre : Young adult offspring of parents with drinking problems: a study of childhood family cohesion using simple family diagrams Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. ORFORD ; M. KRISHNAN ; R. VELLEMAN Année de publication : 2003 Article en page(s) : 139-149 Présentation : fig. ; tabl. Note générale : Journal of Substance Use, 2003, 8, (3), 139-149 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ADULTE JEUNE ; ALCOOL ; RELATION PARENT ENFANT ; ENFANT D'USAGER ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; ADOLESCENT ; ENQUETE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : AIMS: To explore, through the use of simple family diagrams constructed during personal interviews, the childhood families of young adult ‘offspring’ of parents with drinking problems and to compare them with those of nonproblem‐drinking parents (‘comparisons’).
DESIGN: Cross‐sectional interview.
PARTICIPANTS: Fifty ‘offspring’ and 50 ‘comparisons’, aged between 16 and 35 years matched by sex and number of siblings.
DATA: Quantitative data obtained through assigning values to bonds drawn on family diagrams, during semistructured interviews.
FINDINGS: As predicted, ‘offspring’ diagrams indicated significantly less positive bonds between mother and father, between self and problem‐drinking parent, and in the family as a whole; and no difference in terms of bonds between self and nonproblem‐drinking parent. There were also significant differences, not predicted, with regard to bonds between siblings, which were less positive in the diagrams of ‘offspring’. Distributions of key variables and example families suggested that considerable diversity exists in families that contain parental problem drinking.
CONCLUSIONS: Simple, easily obtainable family diagrams constructed in young adulthood may serve to encapsulate a considerable amount of data regarding childhood family relationships and cohesion. Families of offspring of parents with drinking problems may be comparatively deficient in positive aspects of family cohesion, although relationships with the nonproblem‐drinking parent are mostly well preserved. One new finding that requires replication is that relationships between siblings, rather than receiving compensatory strengthening, are often adversely affected by having a parent with a drinking problem.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 22 Affiliation : Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom. Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : Abonnement Lien : http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14659890310001600115 Permalink :
in Journal of Substance Use > Vol.8 n°3 (2003) . - 139-149[article]Young adult sequelae of adolescent cannabis use: an integrative analysis / E. SILINS ; L. J. HORWOOD ; G. C. PATTON ; D. M. FERGUSSON ; C. A. OLSSON ; D. M. HUTCHINSON ; E. SPRY ; J. W. TOUMBOUROU ; L. DEGENHARDT ; W. SWIFT ; C. COFFEY ; R. J. TAIT ; P. LETCHER ; J. COPELAND ; R. P. MATTICK ; Cannabis Cohorts Research Consortium in Lancet Psychiatry (The), Vol.1, n°4 (September 2014)
Titre : Young adult sequelae of adolescent cannabis use: an integrative analysis Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : E. SILINS ; L. J. HORWOOD ; G. C. PATTON ; D. M. FERGUSSON ; C. A. OLSSON ; D. M. HUTCHINSON ; E. SPRY ; J. W. TOUMBOUROU ; L. DEGENHARDT ; W. SWIFT ; C. COFFEY ; R. J. TAIT ; P. LETCHER ; J. COPELAND ; R. P. MATTICK ; Cannabis Cohorts Research Consortium Année de publication : 2014 Article en page(s) : 286-293 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
AUSTRALIE ; NOUVELLE ZELANDE
CANNABIS ; ADOLESCENT ; ADULTE JEUNE ; ETUDE LONGITUDINALE ; TYPE D'USAGE ; SUICIDE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; TRAJECTOIRE ; ECHEC SCOLAIRE ; USAGE REGULIER ; DEPRESSION ; DEPENDANCE ; NIVEAU D'ETUDES ; DOSE-REPONSE
Discipline : PSY Psychopathologie / Psychopathology Résumé : Background: Debate continues about the consequences of adolescent cannabis use. Existing data are limited in statistical power to examine rarer outcomes and less common, heavier patterns of cannabis use than those already investigated; furthermore, evidence has a piecemeal approach to reporting of young adult sequelae. We aimed to provide a broad picture of the psychosocial sequelae of adolescent cannabis use.
Methods: We integrated participant-level data from three large, long-running longitudinal studies from Australia and New Zealand: the Australian Temperament Project, the Christchurch Health and Development Study, and the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study. We investigated the association between the maximum frequency of cannabis use before age 17 years (never, less than monthly, monthly or more, weekly or more, or daily) and seven developmental outcomes assessed up to age 30 years (high-school completion, attainment of university degree, cannabis dependence, use of other illicit drugs, suicide attempt, depression, and welfare dependence). The number of participants varied by outcome (N=2537 to N=3765).
Findings: We recorded clear and consistent associations and dose-response relations between the frequency of adolescent cannabis use and all adverse young adult outcomes. After covariate adjustment, compared with individuals who had never used cannabis, those who were daily users before age 17 years had clear reductions in the odds of high-school completion (adjusted odds ratio 0.37, 95% CI 0.20-0.66) and degree attainment (0.38, 0.22-0.66), and substantially increased odds of later cannabis dependence (17.95, 9.44-34.12), use of other illicit drugs (7.80, 4.46-13.63), and suicide attempt (6.83, 2.04-22.90).
Interpretation: Adverse sequelae of adolescent cannabis use are wide ranging and extend into young adulthood. Prevention or delay of cannabis use in adolescence is likely to have broad health and social benefits. Efforts to reform cannabis legislation should be carefully assessed to ensure they reduce adolescent cannabis use and prevent potentially adverse developmental effects.
Funding: Australian Government National Health and Medical Research Council.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 6 Affiliation : National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW Australia, Sydney, NSW, Australia Permalink :
in Lancet Psychiatry (The) > Vol.1, n°4 (September 2014) . - 286-293[article]Young are drunk and high in The Globe, n°1 (2001)
Titre : Young are drunk and high Type de document : Périodique Année de publication : 2001 Article en page(s) : 16-17 Présentation : fig. ; ill. Note générale : The Globe Magazine, new series (GAPA), 2001, (1), 16-17 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE ; JEUNE ; ADOLESCENT ; ESPAD
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Teenagers in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Denmark are the heaviest drinkers, smokers and drug-takers in Europe. These findings have just been published in the 1999 ESPAD (European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) Report. The same countries are also the ones in which drinking has increased most among the sampled population during the period since the last report. Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Permalink :
in The Globe > n°1 (2001) . - 16-17[article]Young driver risk taking: a description of dangerous driving situations among 16 to 19 year old drivers / J. A. FARROWPermalinkYoung men and gambling in the ACT: an exploratory study of attitudes, perceptions and engagement / D. MARSHALL ; J. HAUGHTON ; N. HARRISPermalinkYoung men's use of cannabis : exploring changes in meaning and context over time / R. BELLPermalinkYoung offenders / J. WOODPermalinkYoung people and alcohol between school and work: a community action / Osservatorio Permanente sui Giovani e l'AlcoolPermalinkYoung people and alcohol: Some statistics on possible effects of lowering the drinking age / B. LASHPermalinkYoung people and drug-taking : facts and trends / J. BALDINGPermalinkYoung people and drugs / TNS Political & SocialPermalinkYoung people and drugs. Care and treatment / Groupe PompidouPermalinkYoung people and injection drug use: Is there a need to expand harm reduction services and support? / K. ADAMSON ; L. JACKSON ; J. GAHAGAN in International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol.39 (January 2017)Permalink