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Auteur N. DAY
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Cigarette smoking and glycaemie: the EPIC- Norfolk study / SARGEANT L. in International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol.30 n°3 (2001)
Titre : Cigarette smoking and glycaemie: the EPIC- Norfolk study Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : SARGEANT L. ; KHAW K. ; S. BINGHAM ; N. DAY Année de publication : 2001 Article en page(s) : 547-554 Présentation : tabl. Note générale : International Journal of Epidemiology, 2001, 30, (3), 547-554 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
TABAC ; DIABETE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Note de contenu : tabl. Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Refs biblio. : 42 Affiliation : Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom. Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in International Journal of Epidemiology > Vol.30 n°3 (2001) . - 547-554[article]Music festival attendees' illicit drug use, knowledge and practices regarding drug content and purity: a cross-sectional survey / N. DAY ; J. CRISS ; B. GRIFFITHS ; S. K. GUJRAL ; F. JOHN-LEADER ; J. JOHNSTON ; S. PIT in Harm Reduction Journal, Vol.15, n°1 (2018)
Titre : Music festival attendees' illicit drug use, knowledge and practices regarding drug content and purity: a cross-sectional survey Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : N. DAY ; J. CRISS ; B. GRIFFITHS ; S. K. GUJRAL ; F. JOHN-LEADER ; J. JOHNSTON ; S. PIT Année de publication : 2018 Article en page(s) : 8 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; MILIEU FESTIF ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; PURETE ; ANALYSE CHIMIQUE ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES ; ATTITUDE
Discipline : PRO Produits, mode d'action, méthode de dépistage / Substances, action mode, screening methods Résumé : Background: Drug checking is a harm reduction strategy which allows users to check the content and purity of illicit drugs. Although drug checking has been trialled internationally, with demonstrated value as a harm reduction and health promotion strategy, the use of such services in Australia remains a contentious issue.
This study aimed to investigate the proportion and patterns of illicit drug use among young people, their attitudes towards drug checking at festivals and the potential impact of drug checking on intended drug use behaviour.
Methods: The survey was conducted at a major Australian music festival in 2016. Data was collected from a sample of festival attendees (n = 642) aged between 18 and 30 years. A descriptive analysis of the data was performed.
Results: Nearly three-quarters (73.4%) of participants reported that they had used illicit drugs in the past 12 months, most commonly cannabis (63.9%) and ecstasy (59.8%). A large proportion of participants believed 'somewhat' or 'a lot' that drug checking services could help users seek help to reduce harm (86.5%) and that drug checking services should be combined with harm reduction advice (84.9%). However, two thirds of the participants agreed 'somewhat' or 'a lot' that drug sellers may use this service as a quality control mechanism (68.6%). Approximately half (54.4%) indicated they would be highly likely and a third (32.7%) would be somewhat likely to utilise free drug checking services should they be available at music festivals. When asked whether the results of drug checking would influence their drug use behaviour, participants reported that they would not take substances shown to contain methamphetamine (65.1%), ketamine (57.5%) or para-methoxyamphetamine (PMA) (58.4%).
Conclusion: The majority of festival attendees aged 18-30 participating in this study reported a history of illicit drug use and were in favour of the provision of free drug checking at festivals. A considerable proportion reported that the results of drug checking would influence their drug use behaviour. The findings of this study can contribute to the debate regarding whether drug checking services could potentially play a major role in harm reduction and health promotion programming for young people attending festivals.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 30 Affiliation : School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia Lien : https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-017-0205-7 Permalink :
in Harm Reduction Journal > Vol.15, n°1 (2018) . - 8 p.[article]Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease ; Interpreting the global burden of disease / EZZATI M.
Titre : Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease ; Interpreting the global burden of disease Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : EZZATI M. ; A. D. LOPEZ ; A. RODGERS ; S. VANDER HOORN ; C. J. L. MURRAY ; Comparative Risk Assessment Collaborating Group ; J. POWLES ; N. DAY Année de publication : 2002 Importance : 1347-1360 Présentation : graph. Note générale : Lancet (The), 2002, 360, (9343), 1347-1360 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
INTERNATIONAL ; AFRIQUE ; AMERIQUE ; EUROPE ; ASIE ; OCEANIE
MORBIDITE ; MORTALITE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; CHOLESTEROL ; OBESITE ; ALIMENTATION ; CONTRACEPTION ; TABAC ; ALCOOL ; PSYCHOTROPES ; HYGIENE ; INJECTION ; ABUS SEXUEL ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE ANALYTIQUE ; MODELE STATISTIQUE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : BACKGROUND: Reliable and comparable analysis of risks to health is key for preventing disease and injury. Causal attribution of morbidity and mortality to risk factors has traditionally been in the context of individual risk factors, often in a limited number of settings, restricting comparability. Our aim was to estimate the contributions of selected major risk factors to global and regional burden of disease in a unified framework. METHODS: For 26 selected risk factors, expert working groups undertook a comprehensive review of published work and other sources--eg, government reports and international databases--to obtain data on the prevalence of risk factor exposure and hazard size for 14 epidemiological regions of the world. Population attributable fractions were estimated by applying the potential impact fraction relation, and applied to the mortality and burden of disease estimates from the global burden of disease (GBD) database. FINDINGS: Childhood and maternal underweight (138 million disability adjusted life years [DALY], 9.5%), unsafe sex (92 million DALY, 6.3%), high blood pressure (64 million DALY, 4.4%), tobacco (59 million DALY, 4.1%), and alcohol (58 million DALY, 4.0%) were the leading causes of global burden of disease. In the poorest regions of the world, childhood and maternal underweight, unsafe sex, unsafe water, sanitation, and hygiene, indoor smoke from solid fuels, and various micronutrient deficiencies were major contributors to loss of healthy life. In both developing and developed regions, alcohol, tobacco, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol were major causes of disease burden. INTERPRETATION: Substantial proportions of global disease burden are attributable to these major risks, to an extent greater than previously estimated. Developing countries suffer most or all of the burden due to many of the leading risks. Strategies that target these known risks can provide substantial and underestimated public-health gains. (Review' s abstract) Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Refs biblio. : 56 Affiliation : Risk, Resources and Environmental Management Division, Resources for the Future, Washington, DC
Etats-Unis. United States.
Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A01614 Permalink :