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Auteur M. FOLEY
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A social norms approach to drug prevention in schools in Ireland: Results from a pre development study / L. R. CULLETON ; M. C. VAN HOUT ; M. FOLEY in Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, Vol.57, n°2 (2013)
Titre : A social norms approach to drug prevention in schools in Ireland: Results from a pre development study Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : L. R. CULLETON ; M. C. VAN HOUT ; M. FOLEY Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 27-46 Note générale : Editorial: The construct of self-esteem in alcohol and drug education. Sharma M., p. 3-6. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
PREVENTION ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; NORME ; INTERVENTION ; TABAC ; ALCOOL ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; ATTITUDE ; PERCEPTION ; CROYANCE ; ADOLESCENT ; IMAGE DE SOI
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Résumé : Research shows that social norms interventions, which aim to educate individuals and groups on their actual attitudinal and behavioural norms relating to alcohol, cigarette and drug use, incur some success in reducing positive attitudes to substance use and rates of substance use. The research aimed to investigate the extent of misperceptions relating to peer substance-taking attitudes and behaviours amongst a sample of school aged youth (n=80), and was undertaken as a pre development study to a large scale social norms initiative in Irish schools. The study found evidence for the existence of misperceptions relating to cigarette, alcohol or illicit drug use, with no significant differences pertaining to gender and school type. Attitudes to, and self reported cigarette and illicit drug use, tended to be more conservative. Statistically significant differences were found between participants self usage and peer usage of cigarettes, alcohol, cannabis and other illicit drug usage in the past 30 days. A statistically significant main effect for self reported cannabis use and school type was found. Findings were used to guide the development of a culturally appropriate targeted social norms intervention.
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Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco Affiliation : Glendwyr University, UK Permalink :
in Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education > Vol.57, n°2 (2013) . - 27-46[article]The challenge of complex drug use: Associated use of codeine-containing medicines and new psychoactive substances in a European cross-sectional online population / A. KIMERGARD ; M. FOLEY ; Z. DAVEY ; E. WADSWORTH ; C. DRUMMOND ; P. DELUCA in Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, Vol.32, n°3 (May 2017)
Titre : The challenge of complex drug use: Associated use of codeine-containing medicines and new psychoactive substances in a European cross-sectional online population Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : A. KIMERGARD ; M. FOLEY ; Z. DAVEY ; E. WADSWORTH ; C. DRUMMOND ; P. DELUCA Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : e2611 ; 7 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; CODEINE ; MEDICAMENTS ; DROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; USAGE DETOURNE ; OPIOIDES ; POLYCONSOMMATION ; EFFET RECHERCHE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Objective: Misuse of codeine-containing medicines in combination with new psychoactive substances (NPS) is inadequately described. This study characterises codeine consumption amongst NPS users and non-NPS users to provide warning of health issues.
Methods: Online survey conducted between July 2015 and March 2016.
Results: Out of 340 respondents, residing in a country in Europe and using codeine recently, 63.8% were female. Mean age: 34.9 years (SD = 12.4). Substance use included NPS (18.5%) and illicit controlled drugs (55.9%). Factors relating to codeine use found to significantly predict NPS use were consuming codeine extracted from combination tablets (OR = 16.79, 95% CI [8.67, 32.51]), obtaining codeine from friends, family, and acquaintances (OR = 3.98, 95% CI [1.82, 8.7]), use of illicit controlled drugs (OR = 34.99, 95% CI [8.39, 145.94]) and use of codeine to experience euphoria (OR = 6.41, 95% CI [3.42, 12.04]).
Conclusions: Amongst NPS users, codeine is less likely to be used daily but more likely to be used for recreational purposes. Smaller populations engaging in high-risk use exist who take multiple drugs in high doses. Combinations of misused codeine and NPS highlight the need for policy to respond to a more complex drug situation.
Domaine : Autres substances / Other substances ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Affiliation : National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK Permalink :
in Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental > Vol.32, n°3 (May 2017) . - e2611 ; 7 p.[article]