Détail de l'auteur
Auteur R. PATTON
Documents disponibles écrits par cet auteur
Ajouter le résultat dans votre panier Faire une suggestion Affiner la recherche
Alcohol screening and brief intervention for adolescents: The how, what and where of reducing alcohol consumption and related harm among young people / R. PATTON ; P. DELUCA ; E. KANER ; D. NEWBURY-BIRCH ; T. PHILLIPS ; C. DRUMMOND in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.49, n°2 (March-April 2014)
Titre : Alcohol screening and brief intervention for adolescents: The how, what and where of reducing alcohol consumption and related harm among young people Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. PATTON ; P. DELUCA ; E. KANER ; D. NEWBURY-BIRCH ; T. PHILLIPS ; C. DRUMMOND Année de publication : 2014 Article en page(s) : 207-212 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; INTERVENTION BREVE ; DEPISTAGE ; EFFICACITE ; CRAFFT ; AUDIT
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Résumé : Aim: The aim of the study was to explore the evidence base on alcohol screening and brief intervention for adolescents to determine age appropriate screening tools, effective brief interventions and appropriate locations to undertake these activities.
Methods: A review of existing reviews (2003-2013) and a systematic review of recent research not included in earlier reviews.
Results: The CRAFFT and AUDIT tools are recommended for identification of ‘at risk’ adolescents. Motivational interventions delivered over one or more sessions and based in health care or educational settings are effective at reducing levels of consumption and alcohol-related harm.
Conclusion: Further research to develop age appropriate screening tools needs to be undertaken. Screening and brief intervention activity should be undertaken in settings where young people are likely to present; further assessment at such venues as paediatric emergency departments, sexual health clinics and youth offending teams should be evaluated. The use of electronic (web/smart-phone based) screening and intervention shows promise and should also be the focus of future research.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Affiliation : Addictions Department, National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agt165 Permalink :
in Alcohol and Alcoholism > Vol.49, n°2 (March-April 2014) . - 207-212[article]Prevalence of tobacco, cocaine and alcohol use amongst patients attending for methadone-maintenance therapy in a rural setting / O. HENRIQUEZ-GONZALEZ ; R. PATTON in Journal of Substance Use, Vol.18, n°5 (October 2013)
Titre : Prevalence of tobacco, cocaine and alcohol use amongst patients attending for methadone-maintenance therapy in a rural setting Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : O. HENRIQUEZ-GONZALEZ ; R. PATTON Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 340-348 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
MILIEU RURAL ; TRAITEMENT DE MAINTENANCE ; METHADONE ; PREVALENCE ; TABAC ; ALCOOL ; COCAINE ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; AUDIT
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Background: Patients receiving methadone-maintenance therapy appear more likely to have other substance-use disorders than do people in the general population and often fail to receive treatment for these conditions. Coexisting substance-use disorders are associated with poor health outcomes amongst current or former heroin users. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of the use of tobacco, cocaine and alcohol amongst patients attending for community-based methadone-maintenance therapy.
Methods: Cross-sectional survey of patients prescribed methadone for treating opiate dependence.
Results: Prevalences of tobacco, cocaine and alcohol use in the sample were 91.18%, 11.18% and 42.01%, respectively. Most respondents were found to be dependent on tobacco. In contrast, most patients were found to have no dependence on alcohol. In total, 145 patients (85.80%) had Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test - Primary Care (AUDIT PC) version scores below 5, indicating lower risk drinking, while the remaining 24 (14.20%) had AUDIT scores of 5 or above, indicating higher risk drinking.
Conclusions: There are higher rates of self-reported tobacco, cocaine and alcohol use disorders amongst methadone-maintained individuals than those reported in individuals from the general population. The findings illustrate the importance of identifying coexisting tobacco, cocaine and alcohol use disorders in methadone-maintained patients, since these issues can significantly impair patients' quality of life and affect treatment outcomes.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco Affiliation : KCA Associates, Kent, UK Cote : Abonnement Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/14659891.2012.675399 Permalink :
in Journal of Substance Use > Vol.18, n°5 (October 2013) . - 340-348[article]