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Auteur J. S. FALLU
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L'« effet légalisation » : bilan et prospective / P. BRISSON ; J. S. FALLU in Drogues, santé et société, Vol.16, n°1 (Mars 2018)
Titre : L'« effet légalisation » : bilan et prospective Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : P. BRISSON ; J. S. FALLU Année de publication : 2018 Article en page(s) : 1-4 Langues : Français (fre) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
CANNABIS ; LEGALISATION ; POLITIQUE
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Affiliation : Québec, Canada Lien : http://drogues-sante-societe.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/DSS_Vol16_no1_Editori [...] Permalink :
in Drogues, santé et société > Vol.16, n°1 (Mars 2018) . - 1-4[article]Predictors and consequences of simultaneous alcohol and cannabis use in adolescents / F. N. BRIERE ; J. S. FALLU ; A. DESCHENEAUX ; M. JANOSZ in Addictive Behaviors, Vol.36, n°7 (July 2011)
Titre : Predictors and consequences of simultaneous alcohol and cannabis use in adolescents Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : F. N. BRIERE ; J. S. FALLU ; A. DESCHENEAUX ; M. JANOSZ Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 785-788 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
QUEBEC ; CANADA
CANNABIS ; ALCOOL ; POLYCONSOMMATION ; ADOLESCENT ; FACTEUR PREDICTIF ; ETUDE LONGITUDINALE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : BACKGROUND/AIMS: The simultaneous use of alcohol and cannabis is common among adolescents, but has been little studied. In this study, we examine predictors and consequences of this behavior in a population-based sample of high school students. METHOD: Self-reports were obtained from students in Quebec (Canada) followed throughout high school (N=6589). Logistic regressions were used to test the association between individual, family, and peer-related predictors in grades 7-8 and simultaneous alcohol and cannabis use in grade 10, as well as between simultaneous alcohol and cannabis use in grade 10 and experiencing 3 or more substance-related problems of various types (legal, physical, etc.) in grade 11. RESULTS: Most predictors in grades 7-8 were associated with simultaneous alcohol and cannabis use in grade 10. Only variables reflecting early-onset substance use involvement - alcohol intoxication, cannabis use, and drug use by close friend(s) - remained predictive in a multivariate model. Simultaneous alcohol and cannabis use was associated with increased substance-related problems in grade 11, above and beyond baseline problems and the concurrent use of the two substances in separate episodes in grade 10. CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous alcohol and cannabis use 1) is anticipated by multiple psychosocial risk factors which come together with individual and peer substance use in early high school and 2) is independently predictive of subsequent substance-related problems. Providing adolescents with adequate information regarding the potential harm of simultaneous use may be a useful prevention strategy. Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Affiliation : Département de Psychologie, Université de Montréal, Montréal (Québec), Canada Permalink :
in Addictive Behaviors > Vol.36, n°7 (July 2011) . - 785-788[article]Preventing disruptive boys from becoming heavy substance users during adolescence: a longitudinal study of familial and peer-related protective factors / J. S. FALLU ; M. JANOSZ ; F. N. BRIERE ; A. DESCHENEAUX ; F. VITARO ; R. E. TREMBLAY in Addictive Behaviors, Vol.35, n°12 (December 2010)
Titre : Preventing disruptive boys from becoming heavy substance users during adolescence: a longitudinal study of familial and peer-related protective factors Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. S. FALLU ; M. JANOSZ ; F. N. BRIERE ; A. DESCHENEAUX ; F. VITARO ; R. E. TREMBLAY Année de publication : 2010 Article en page(s) : 1074-1082 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ETUDE LONGITUDINALE ; ADOLESCENT ; SEXE MASCULIN ; PREVENTION ; FACTEUR DE PROTECTION ; PAIR ; INFLUENCE ; FAMILLE ; PARENTALITE
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Résumé : Childhood disruptiveness is one of the most important antecedents of heavy substance use in adolescence, especially among boys. The first aim of the present study is to verify whether parental monitoring and friend conventionality protect disruptive boys from engaging in heavy substance-use in adolescence. The second purpose is to examine whether these protective effects are strengthened by attachment to parents or friends respectively. Finally, the third objective is to verify whether the expected protective effect of parental monitoring could be mediated through exposure to conventional friends. A sample of 1037 boys from low socioeconomic neighbourhoods was followed from childhood (age 6) to adolescence (age 15). Parent, teacher, and self-reported measures were used to measure disruptiveness, parental monitoring, family attachment, friend conventionality, and attachment to friends. Results suggest that parental monitoring and friends' conventionality mitigated the relationship between childhood disruptiveness and adolescence heavy substance use. Exposure to conventional friends further mediated the protective effect of parent monitoring. The postulated enhancement of attachment quality on the protective effect of parents or peer behaviors was not confirmed, but low attachment was related to heavier substance use in highly monitored disruptive boys. Parental monitoring, family attachment, and peer conventionality are factors amenable to intervention, and thus represent promising targets for future prevention strategies aimed at-risk boys. Our results underscore the importance of simultaneously addressing the behavioral and the affective dimensions in interventions with parents.
• Parent monitoring and peer conventionality protected disruptive boys from heavy substance use.
• Disruptive boys who were highly monitored but poorly attached to parents showed heavier use.
• Peer conventionality mediated the protective effect of parent monitoring on disruptive boys.
• Peer conventionality buffered the association between attachment to friends and heavy use.
Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Affiliation : Ecole de Psychoéducation, Université de Montréal, Montréal (Québec), Canada Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in Addictive Behaviors > Vol.35, n°12 (December 2010) . - 1074-1082[article]