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Auteur J. NEALE
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Acceptability of low dead space syringes and implications for their introduction: A qualitative study in the West of England / J. M. KESTEN ; R. AYRES ; J. NEALE ; J. CLARK ; P. VICKERMAN ; M. HICKMAN ; S. REDWOOD in International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol.39 (January 2017)
Titre : Acceptability of low dead space syringes and implications for their introduction: A qualitative study in the West of England Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. M. KESTEN ; R. AYRES ; J. NEALE ; J. CLARK ; P. VICKERMAN ; M. HICKMAN ; S. REDWOOD Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : 99-108 Note générale : * Response: Implementation of low dead space syringes in response to an outbreak of HIV among people who inject drugs: A response to Kesten et al. McAuley A., Campbell J., Milosevic C., Hunter C., Goldberg D.J. International Journal of Drug Policy, 2017, Vol. 43, p. 140-141.
* Rejoinder to: Implementation of low dead space syringes in response to an outbreak of HIV among people who inject drugs: A response to Kesten et al. Kesten J.M., Ayres R., Neale J., Clark J., Vickerman P., Hickman M., Redwood S. International Journal of Drug Policy, 2017, Vol. 43, p. 142-143.
Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ANGLETERRE ; ROYAUME-UNI
ETUDE QUALITATIVE ; SERINGUE ; MATERIEL D'INJECTION ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES ; USAGER
Mots-clés : acceptabilité Discipline : SHS Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences Résumé : Background: It is recommended that needle and syringe programmes (NSP) distribute low dead space syringes (LDSS) to reduce blood-borne virus transmission. We explored the acceptability of detachable LDSS among people who inject drugs (PWID) and staff who work to support them.
Methods: Semi-structured interviews were performed with 23 PWID (15 men and 8 women) and 13 NSP staff members (6 men and 7 women) in Bath and Bristol, England. Recruited PWID reflected varying demographic characteristics, drug use and injecting preferences. Interviews explored experiences of different types of injecting equipment, facilitators and barriers of changing this equipment and attitudes towards detachable LDSS. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using the Framework Method.
Results: Decisions about injecting practices were underpinned by several factors, including early experiences and peer initiation; awareness and availability of alternatives; and the ability to inject successfully. Rinsing and re-using syringes represented a quandary where rinsing could encourage re-use, but not rinsing could result in the re-use of unclean equipment. Most PWID were reluctant to change equipment particularly in the absence of any problems injecting. Prioritising getting a 'hit' over the prevention of potential problems was an important barrier to change. Overall detachable LDSS are likely to be acceptable. Lower risk of transferring infections and reduced drug wastage were valued benefits of detachable LDSS. There was a preference for a gradual introduction of detachable LDSS in which PWID are given an opportunity to try the new equipment alongside their usual equipment.
Conclusion: Detachable LDSS are likely to be acceptable and should therefore be offered to those using detachable high dead space syringes and/or fixed 1 ml LDSS syringes to inject into deeper femoral veins. An intervention is needed to support their introduction with 'training', 'education', 'persuasion' and eventual 'restriction' components.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Affiliation : NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care West (NIHR CLAHRC West) at University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, UK Cote : Abonnement URL : http://findings.org.uk/PHP/dl.php?file=Kesten_JM_1.cab&s=ln Permalink :
in International Journal of Drug Policy > Vol.39 (January 2017) . - 99-108[article]Comparing community and prison-based drug treatments / J. NEALE
Titre : Comparing community and prison-based drug treatments Titre traduit : (Comparaison des traitements donnés en communauté et en prison) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. NEALE ; SAVILLE E. Année de publication : 2004 Importance : 213-228 Présentation : tabl. Note générale : Drugs Education, Prevention and Policy, 2004, 11, (3), 213-228 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
TRAITEMENT ; PRISON ; COMMUNAUTE THERAPEUTIQUE ; COMPARAISON ; EVALUATION ; EFFICACITE ; QUESTIONNAIRE
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Résumé :
Evaluations of drug treatment services are essential for the development and funding of future provision. This paper seeks to fill a gap in the existing literature by comparing community and prison-based drug services in terms of a range of factors that are important in assessing drug treatment effectiveness. Data were collected as part of the Drug Outcome Research in Scotland (DORIS) study. Over a period of approximately eight months, two structured questionnaires were administered to 716 drug users. At the first interview, 487 respondents (68%) were beginning community drug treatment and 229 (32%) were starting prison drug treatment. Analyses compared the two groups in terms of characteristics at treatment entry ('inputs'); treatment services received ('processes'); and characteristics at eight-month follow-up ('outcomes'). Consistent with previous research, the findings provide evidence that-at least in the short term-drug treatments work. However, the clients of community drug agencies experienced greater improvements than the clients of prison-based services. The former received a broader range of support than their imprisoned counterparts and rated the assistance that they received significantly more positively. It is concluded that prison services in Scotland are making efforts to assist their drug-using inmates, but greater access to a wider range of prison drug treatments and efforts to improve prison clients' perceptions of the help they receive are required. (Author's abstract.)
Note de contenu : tabl. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 30 Affiliation : Centre Drug Misuse Res., Univ. Glasgow, 89 Dumbarton Rd, Glasgow G11 6PW
Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom.
Numéro Toxibase : 1101243 Centre Emetteur : 11 SEDAP Permalink : Don't overdo it: overdose prevention and extent / J. NEALE
Titre : Don't overdo it: overdose prevention and extent Titre traduit : (Prévention de l'overdose) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. NEALE Année de publication : 2001 Importance : 18-22 Présentation : ill. Note générale : Druglink, 2001, 16, (4), 18-22 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
PREVENTION ; SURDOSE ; POLYCONSOMMATION
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Note de contenu : ill. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 6 Affiliation : Ctr. Drug Misuse Res., Glasgow
Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom.
Numéro Toxibase : 403620 Centre Emetteur : 04 CIRDD-51 Permalink : Driving on recreational drugs : a qualitative investigation of experiences from behind the wheel / J. NEALE
Titre : Driving on recreational drugs : a qualitative investigation of experiences from behind the wheel Titre traduit : (Conduire sous l'effet de drogues récréatives : une enquête qualitative sur les expériences au volant) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. NEALE Année de publication : 2001 Importance : 315-325 Présentation : tabl. Note générale : Drugs Education, Prevention and Policy, 2001, 8, (4), 315-325 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
PRODUIT ILLICITE ; CONDUITE DE VEHICULE ; USAGE RECREATIF ; VIGILANCE ; REPRESENTATION SOCIALE ; INTERVIEW
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé :
Epidemiological, experimental and psychological studies have provided im-portant insights into drug-driving behaviour. The aim of this paper is to provide a more qualitative perspective on drug driving, including an analysis of the views and experiences of those who drive following the consumption of different types of illicit substance. Sixty-one recreational drug users who had passed their driving test were recruited from Scottish nightclubs to participate in semi-structured telephone interviews. Transcribed data were analysed using grounded theory with the assistance of the computer software package WinmaxPro. Findings revealed high levels of drug driving, but important differences between driving after cannabis and driving after other recreational drugs. Interviewees believed that the effects of drugs on driving were complex and depended on factors relating to the drug, individual and situation. Concern about ability to drive following drug use was limited. Nonetheless, many individuals accepted that drug driving might be more dangerous than it felt and some had reduced or stopped the behaviour as they had grown older. Although there was evident anxiety about being caught by the police for drug possession, the chances of being apprehended for drug driving seemed very remote. To conclude, some suggestions for drug-driving prevention strategies are considered. (Author's abstract.)
Note de contenu : tabl. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 29 Affiliation : Ctr Drug Misuse Res., Univ. Glasgow, 12-15 Western Court, Univ. Pl., Glasgow G12 8SQ
Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom.
Numéro Toxibase : 1101054 Centre Emetteur : 11 SEDAP Permalink : Drug users aren't working / J. NEALE
Titre : Drug users aren't working Titre traduit : (Les toxicomanes ne travaillent pas) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. NEALE Année de publication : 1998 ISBN/ISSN/EAN : 0305-4349 Note générale : Druglink Information Letter, 1998, 13, (2), 21-22 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
EMPLOI ; DEPENDANCE ; USAGER
Discipline : SHS Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
La nature du lien entre le chômage et la consommation de drogue est complexe, et peu de recherches existe sur ce sujet. Cet article présente une enquête sur 124 toxicomanes : leur situation face à l'emploi, leur source de revenu, leur capacité à travailler, l'impact des traitements de méthadone sur l'emploi. La principale préoccupation étant, soit de trouver de la drogue, soit de combattre l'envie de drogue; le travail ne représente pas un problème central, mais l'emploi à temps plein reste tout de même un but à long terme.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 6 Affiliation : Univ. Glasgow 's Ctr Drug Misuse Res.
Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom.
Numéro Toxibase : 402642 Centre Emetteur : 04 CIRDD-51 Permalink : Drug users in society / J. NEALEPermalinkDrug users'views of prescribed methadone / J. NEALEPermalinkExperiences of illicit drug overdose : an ethographic study of emergency hospital attendances / J. NEALEPermalinkFactors that help injecting drug users to access and benefit from services: A qualitative study / J. NEALE ; L. SHEARD ; C. N. E. TOMPKINS in Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, Vol.2, n°31 (2007)PermalinkMethadone, methadone treatment and non-fatal overdose / J. NEALEPermalinkPersisting local variations in prevalence of hepatitis c virus among Scottish problem drug users : results from an anonymous screening study / M. BLOORPermalinkPhysical and sexual abuse among drug users contacting drug treatment services in Scotland / N. McKEGANEYPermalinkRecent cocaine and crack use among new drug treatment clients in Scotland / J. NEALEPermalinkRecent life problems and non-fatal overdose among heroin users entering treatment / J. NEALEPermalinkSuicidal intent in non-fatal illicit drug overdose / J. NEALEPermalink