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Auteur B. JANIN JACQUAT
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Alcohol consumption and alcohol problems among women in European countries / K. BLOOMFIELD
Titre : Alcohol consumption and alcohol problems among women in European countries Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : K. BLOOMFIELD ; S. AHLSTRÖM ; A. ALLAMANI ; M. CHOQUET ; F. CIPRIANI ; G. GMEL ; B. JANIN JACQUAT ; R. KNIBBE ; L. KUBICKA ; T. LECOMTE ; P. MILLER ; M. PLANT ; F. SPAK Editeur : Berlin : Institute for Medical Informatics Biostastistics and Epidemiology Année de publication : 1999 Importance : 281 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; TYPE D'USAGE ; SEXE FEMININ ; CONSOMMATION ; MORBIDITE ; MORTALITE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Far less research on women's drinking behaviour has taken place within Europe, despite the fact that there are a number of important reasons to focus on European women's drinking. There is no single drinking culture in Europe. In fact, Europe is made up of a variety of different drinking traditions. Moreover, it has been pointed out that the size of gender differences in drinking behaviour varies by cultures. This a further reason to study women's drinking behaviour in relation to men's on a pan-European level. It appears that until now there has been no comprehensive gathering and summarising of how the drinking cultures across various European countries look with respect to gender. Therefore, the present study was designed to specifically address alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems among women in nine European countries: The Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Scotland, Sweden and Switzerland.
Objectives: The concerted action began its work with the following set of original measurable objectives: (1) Using data sets of the study countries, standardised units to compare alcohol consumption were to be developed, and standard measures and approaches for future measurement of alcohol consumption which are gender- sensitive to be recommended. (2) To investigate differences in drinking patterns and acute alcohol-related problems within and between countries. This was done by looking at differences between men and women, and among women. (3) To review registry data in each partner country for "chronic consequences" of alcohol consumption. The first task was to review the morbidity and mortality registry data in each country for its availability and to determine the process by which such data are collected. The second step was to examine the relationship of alcohol intake across gender with the identified common set of data for chronic consequences if the data were valid enough to make such a comparison. The project was meant to co-ordinate and facilitate the comparison of European health data, and to facilitate a common methodology for interpreting them. In addition, by examining trends and changes in the drinking patterns and rates of alcohol problems among women, the project was to identify indicators for health risk behaviours in this population. Thus, the results of this concerted action should help put in place a harmonised methodology and the necessary expertise to monitor changes in alcohol health data as a result of European Union market policies and specific European Union public health policy regulations, directives, and resolutions.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Permalink : Konsum psychoaktiver Substanzen bei Schüler/innen in der Schweiz. Nationale Ergebnisse der Umfrage zum Gesundheitsverhalten von Schülerinnen und Schülern im Alter von 11 bis 15 Jahren / B. JANIN JACQUAT
Titre : Konsum psychoaktiver Substanzen bei Schüler/innen in der Schweiz. Nationale Ergebnisse der Umfrage zum Gesundheitsverhalten von Schülerinnen und Schülern im Alter von 11 bis 15 Jahren Titre traduit : (La consommation de stupéfiants parmi la population écolière en Suisse. Résultats de l'enquête sur le comportement des élèves appartenant à la tranche d'âge des 11-15 ans) ; (Student consumption of psychoactive substances in Switzerland. Results of a nationwide health survey among female and male students aged 11 to 15) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : B. JANIN JACQUAT ; Y. FRANÇOIS Année de publication : 1999 Importance : 5-23 Présentation : tabl. Note générale : Abhängigkeiten, 1999, 5, (1), 5-23 Langues : Allemand (ger) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
CANNABIS ; ALCOOL ; ECSTASY ; AMPHETAMINES ; TABAC ; CONSOMMATION ; ADOLESCENT ; EVOLUTION ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE ANALYTIQUE ; PREVALENCE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
Les résultats d'une enquête sur le comportement de 8698 jeunes de 11-15 ans révèlent que cette tranche d'âge fume davantage. Entre 1994 et 1998, les fumeurs habituels augmentent chez les 15 ans, filles et garçons. 30% des étudiants fument tous les jours. Dans l'ensemble, les jeunes ne boivent pas plus d'alcool, mais la ventilation des statistiques montrent que les filles boivent plutôt plus et les garçons plutôt moins et les états d'ivresse augmentent. Le pourcentage d'individus ayant essayé le cannabis a progressé de 10% en 1998, la consommation se banalise et s'enracine dans les habitudes des jeunes. 3% des plus de 15 ans ont consommé des champignons hallucinogènes, des stimulants et des médicaments détournés. La consommation d'ecstasy, de cocaïne et de LSD reste inférieure à 2%.
The results of a survey on the health-related behavior of 8,698 students aged 11 to 15 years show that they smoke more. Among 15-year-olds in particular, a significant increase in regular consumption (at least once a week) was found in girls and boys alike between 1994 and 1998. Some 30% of daily smokers have already tried unsuccessfully to quit smoking; 5% were successful. Around half has no intention to kick the habit. Overall, children of school age did not consume more alcohol in 1998 than four years prior. However, when findings are broken down according to sex, the picture is different: girls drink more and boys tend to drink less. Like before, however, male adolescents consume more alcoholic beverages than female youth. A marked increase in drunkenness is found among boys and girls alike. They do not drink alcohol because they are curious or because they enjoy it but because they want to feel high. Compared to 1994, the num her of individuals with cannabis experience jumped by 10 percentage points in 1998. Apparently, the consumption of cannabis products among youth is increasingly viewed as trivial. Of particular significance is the fact that the number of students who have tried cannabis several times has increased. In other words, the increase in lifetime prevalence is not the result of curiosity but much more an indication of an overall trend to include cannabis in the consumption habits of adolescents. Some 3 percent of 15-year-olds have consumed hallucinogenic mushrooms, stimulants (amphetamines) and illegally obtained medication. The numbers are less than (Author's abstract.)
Note de contenu : tabl. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Affiliation : SFA Lausanne
Numéro Toxibase : 803041 Centre Emetteur : 08 CAS Strasbourg Permalink :