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Auteur D. PIONTEK
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Alcopops, alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems in a sample of German adolescents: is there an alcopop-specific effect? / L. KRAUS ; C. METZNER ; D. PIONTEK in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol.110, n°1-2 (July 2010)
Titre : Alcopops, alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems in a sample of German adolescents: is there an alcopop-specific effect? Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : L. KRAUS ; C. METZNER ; D. PIONTEK Année de publication : 2010 Article en page(s) : 15-20 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; ENQUETE ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; PREMIX ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; BOISSON ALCOOLISEE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : AIMS: The objective of the present analysis was to investigate the impact of alcopops on drinking behaviour and alcohol-related negative consequences by controlling for alcohol consumption and the share of alcopops in total ethanol intake. METHODS: Data from the 2003 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD) in Germany were used. The final dataset comprised students aged 15-17 years who reported to have drunk alcohol in the past 7 days (n=5509). MEASUREMENTS: Alcohol consumption was assessed by beverage-specific quantity measures for the last 7 days. Individuals were categorised into "non-alcopop" and "alcopop consumers"; according to the share in total ethanol intake, alcopop users were further divided into "only-alcopop", "mix-alcopop" and "mix-consumers". Analogous groups were constructed for the other beverages. Outcome measures were age of first alcohol use and drunkenness, frequency of drinking, binge drinking and drunkenness and alcohol-related problems. Hypotheses were tested using proportional hazard models, linear and logistic regressions. FINDINGS: Controlling for overall volume few differences in consumption and problem measures were found when alcopop and non-alcopop users were compared. Further differentiation of the alcopop group also revealed only few differences. Similar associations were found for the other beverages. Only-alcopop and only-wine drinking was associated with less risky consumption patterns and negative consequences. CONCLUSIONS: An alcopop-specific effect on problematic drinking behaviour and negative consequences could not be identified. Concerted preventive actions tackling alcohol as a whole are needed in order to gain substantial effects on alcohol use and alcohol-related problems in adolescents. [Author's abstract] Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Affiliation : IFT Institut fur Therapieforschung, Parzivalstrasse 25, D-80804 Munchen, Germany / Allemagne. Email : firstname.lastname@example.org Permalink :
in Drug and Alcohol Dependence > Vol.110, n°1-2 (July 2010) . - 15-20[article]An age-period-cohort analysis of cannabis use prevalence and frequency in Germany, 1990-2009 / D. PIONTEK ; L. KRAUS ; A. PABST ; S. LEGLEYE in Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol.66, n°10 (October 2012)
Titre : An age-period-cohort analysis of cannabis use prevalence and frequency in Germany, 1990-2009 Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : D. PIONTEK ; L. KRAUS ; A. PABST ; S. LEGLEYE Année de publication : 2012 Article en page(s) : 908-913 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
CANNABIS ; COHORTE ; PREVALENCE ; AGE ; EVOLUTION
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Background: In order to better understand trends in cannabis use, this study estimates independent and non-confounded age, period and cohort effects on 12-month cannabis use prevalence and frequency.
Methods: Data from seven waves of the German Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse (ESA) conducted between 1990 and 2009 were used. The total sample included 29 836 men and 34 877 women aged 18-65 years. Cross-classified random effects models were conducted to estimate fixed effects of age and random effects of periods and birth cohorts. Analyses were stratified by gender.
Results: With regard to 12-month prevalence, substantial age variations were identified with a peak of cannabis use in young adulthood. The overall effects of periods and birth cohorts were not significant. With regard to frequency of use, there were no significant influences of either variable. The results were largely identical for men and women.
Conclusions: This study identified little variation in trend data of current cannabis use. When confounding influences of period and ageing are controlled, the widely reported increases in cannabis consumption in recent birth cohorts cannot be demonstrated.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 30 Affiliation : IFT - Institut für Therapieforschung, München, Germany Permalink :
in Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health > Vol.66, n°10 (October 2012) . - 908-913[article]Are cannabis prevalence estimates comparable across countries and regions? A cross-cultural validation using search engine query data / M. STEPPAN ; L. KRAUS ; D. PIONTEK ; V. SICILIANO in International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol.24, n°1 (January 2013)
Titre : Are cannabis prevalence estimates comparable across countries and regions? A cross-cultural validation using search engine query data Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : M. STEPPAN ; L. KRAUS ; D. PIONTEK ; V. SICILIANO Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 23-29 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ESPAD ; CANNABIS ; PREVALENCE ; ENQUETE ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; COMPARAISON ; CULTUREL ; VALIDITE ; MODELE ; REGION
EUROPE ; ITALIE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Background: Prevalence estimation of cannabis use is usually based on self-report data. Although there is evidence on the reliability of this data source, its cross-cultural validity is still a major concern. External objective criteria are needed for this purpose. In this study, cannabis-related search engine query data are used as an external criterion.
Methods: Data on cannabis use were taken from the 2007 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD). Provincial data came from three Italian nation-wide studies using the same methodology (2006-2008; ESPAD-Italia). Information on cannabis-related search engine query data was based on Google search volume indices (GSI). (1) Reliability analysis was conducted for GSI. (2) Latent measurement models of “true” cannabis prevalence were tested using perceived availability, web-based cannabis searches and self-reported prevalence as indicators. (3) Structure models were set up to test the influences of response tendencies and geographical position (latitude, longitude). In order to test the stability of the models, analyses were conducted on country level (Europe, US) and on provincial level in Italy.
Results: Cannabis-related GSI were found to be highly reliable and constant over time. The overall measurement model was highly significant in both data sets. On country level, no significant effects of response bias indicators and geographical position on perceived availability, web-based cannabis searches and self-reported prevalence were found. On provincial level, latitude had a significant positive effect on availability indicating that perceived availability of cannabis in northern Italy was higher than expected from the other indicators.
Conclusion: Although GSI showed weaker associations with cannabis use than perceived availability, the findings underline the external validity and usefulness of search engine query data as external criteria. The findings suggest an acceptable relative comparability of national (provincial) prevalence estimates of cannabis use that are based on a common survey methodology. Search engine query data are a too weak indicator to base prevalence estimations on this source only, but in combination with other sources (waste water analysis, sales of cigarette paper) they may provide satisfactory estimates.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Affiliation : IFT Institut für Therapieforschung, München, Germany Cote : Abonnement Lien : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09553959/24/1 Permalink :
in International Journal of Drug Policy > Vol.24, n°1 (January 2013) . - 23-29[article]Changes in mortality due to major alcohol-related diseases in four Nordic countries, France and Germany between 1980 and 2009: a comparative age-period-cohort analysis / L. KRAUS ; S. OSTHUS ; E. J. AMUNDSEN ; D. PIONTEK ; J. HARKONEN ; S. LEGLEYE ; K. BLOOMFIELD ; P. MAKELA ; J. LANDBERG ; J. TORRONEN in Addiction, Vol.110, n°9 (September 2015)
Titre : Changes in mortality due to major alcohol-related diseases in four Nordic countries, France and Germany between 1980 and 2009: a comparative age-period-cohort analysis Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : L. KRAUS ; S. OSTHUS ; E. J. AMUNDSEN ; D. PIONTEK ; J. HARKONEN ; S. LEGLEYE ; K. BLOOMFIELD ; P. MAKELA ; J. LANDBERG ; J. TORRONEN Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : 1443-1452 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
DANEMARK ; FINLANDE ; SCANDINAVIE ; NORVEGE ; SUEDE ; FRANCE ; ALLEMAGNE
ALCOOL ; MORTALITE ; EVOLUTION ; COMPARAISON ; AGE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Aims: To investigate age, period and cohort effects on time trends of alcohol-related mortality in countries with different drinking habits and alcohol policies.
Design and setting: Age-period-cohort (APC) analyses on alcohol-related mortality were conducted in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, France and Germany.
Participants: Cases included alcohol-related deaths in the age range 20-84 years between 1980 and 2009.
Measurements: Mortality data were taken from national causes of death registries and covered the ICD codes alcoholic psychosis, alcohol use disorders, alcoholic liver disease and toxic effect of alcohol.
Findings: In all countries changes across age, period and cohort were found to be significant for both genders [effect value with confidence interval (CI) shown in Supporting information, Table S1]. Period effects pointed to an increase in alcohol-related mortality in Denmark, Finland and Germany and a slightly decreasing trend in Sweden, while in Norway an inverse U-shaped curve and in France a U-shaped curve was found. Compared with the cohorts born before 1960, the risk of alcohol-related mortality declined substantially in cohorts born in the 1960s and later. Pairwise between-country comparisons revealed more statistically significant differences for period (P Conclusions: Strong period effects suggest that temporal changes in alcohol-related mortality in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, France and Germany between 1980 and 2009 were related to secular differences affecting the whole population and that these effects differed across countries.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 44 Affiliation : Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD), Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in Addiction > Vol.110, n°9 (September 2015) . - 1443-1452[article]Cohort changes in educational disparities in smoking: France, Germany and the United States / F. PAMPEL ; S. LEGLEYE ; C. GOFFETTE ; D. PIONTEK ; L. KRAUS ; M. KHLAT in Social Science and Medicine, Vol.127 (February 2015)
Titre : Cohort changes in educational disparities in smoking: France, Germany and the United States Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : F. PAMPEL ; S. LEGLEYE ; C. GOFFETTE ; D. PIONTEK ; L. KRAUS ; M. KHLAT Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : 41-50 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
FRANCE ; ALLEMAGNE ; ETATS-UNIS
TABAC ; COHORTE ; NIVEAU D'ETUDES ; DIFFERENCE DE GENRE ; COMPARAISON
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : This study investigates the evolution of educational disparities in smoking uptake across cohorts for men and women in three countries. Nationally representative surveys of adults in France, Germany and the United States in 2009-2010 include retrospective measures of age of uptake that are compared for three cohorts (born 1946-1960, 1961-1975, and 1976-1992). Discrete logistic regressions and a relative measure of education are used to model smoking histories until age 34. The following patterns are found: a strengthening of educational disparities in the timing of uptake from older to younger cohorts; an earlier occurrence of the strengthening for men than women and for the United States than France or Germany; a faster pace of the epidemic in France than in the United States, and; a divide between the highest level of education and the others in the United States, as opposed to a gradient across categories in France. Those differences in smoking disparities across cohorts, genders and countries help identify the national and temporal circumstances that shape the size and direction of the relationship between education and health and the need for policies that target educational disparities.
Earlier emergence of educational disparities in smoking in the United States than in France and Germany.
Faster pace of the tobacco epidemic in France than in the United States.
Divide between the highest level of college education and the others in the United States.
Gradient across the educational categories in France.
Remaining gender differences greatest in the United States.
Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Affiliation : Institut national d'études démographiques, Paris, France Permalink :
in Social Science and Medicine > Vol.127 (February 2015) . - 41-50[article]Comparative analysis of research into illicit drugs in the European Union. Full report / G. BÜHRINGERPermalinkCross-cultural variation in the association between family's socioeconomic status and adolescent alcohol use / E. GOMES DE MATOS ; L. KRAUS ; T. V. HANNEMANN ; R. SOELLNER ; D. PIONTEK in Drug and Alcohol Review, Vol.36, n°6 (November 2017)PermalinkDrinking location and drinking culture and their association with alcohol use among girls and boys in Europe / B. GRUNE ; D. PIONTEK ; P. SLECZKA ; L. KRAUS ; O. POGARELL in Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol.78, n°4 (July 2017)PermalinkIndividual and country-level effects of cannabis-related perceptions on cannabis use. A multilevel study among adolescents in 32 European countries / D. PIONTEK ; L. KRAUS ; T. BJARNASON ; Z. DEMETROVICS ; M. RAMSTEDT in Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol.52, n°4 (April 2013)PermalinkIs there a cannabis epidemic model? Evidence from France, Germany and USA / S. LEGLEYE ; D. PIONTEK ; F. PAMPEL ; C. GOFFETTE ; M. KHLAT ; L. KRAUS in International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol.25, n°6 (November 2014)PermalinkPsychometric properties of the Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST) in a French sample of adolescents / S. LEGLEYE ; D. PIONTEK ; L. KRAUS in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol.113, n°2-3 (January 2011)PermalinkPsychometric properties of the cannabis abuse screening test in Hungarian samples of adolescents and young adults / A. GYEPESI ; R. URBAN ; J. FARKAS ; L. KRAUS ; D. PIONTEK ; B. PAKSI ; G. HORVATH ; A. MAGI ; A. EISINGER ; J. PILLING ; G. KOKONYEI ; B. KUN ; Z. DEMETROVICS in European Addiction Research, Vol.20, n°3 (April 2014)PermalinkShort scales to assess cannabis-related problems: a review of psychometric properties / D. PIONTEK in Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, Vol.3, n°25 (2008)PermalinkSocial contexts and the occurrence of episodic heavy drinking / D. PIONTEK ; L. KRAUS ; F. RIST in International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research, Vol.2, n°2 (2013)PermalinkTemporal changes in alcohol-related morbidity and mortality in Germany / L. KRAUS ; A. PABST ; D. PIONTEK ; G. GMEL ; K. D. SHIELD ; H. FRICK ; J. REHM in European Addiction Research, Vol.21, n°5 (August 2015)Permalink