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Auteur A. BALDACCHINO
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Co-morbid post-traumatic stress disorder in a substance misusing clinical population / M. REYNOLDS
Titre : Co-morbid post-traumatic stress disorder in a substance misusing clinical population Titre traduit : (Comorbidité de troubles liés à un stress post-traumatique dans une population d'usagers de drogues) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : M. REYNOLDS ; MEZEY G. ; M. CHAPMAN ; M. WHEELER ; C. DRUMMOND ; A. BALDACCHINO Année de publication : 2005 Importance : 251-258 Présentation : tabl. Note générale : Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2005, 77, (3), 251-258 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; PSYCHOTROPES ; ABUS ; COMORBIDITE ; STRESS POST-TRAUMATIQUE ; TROUBLES DU COMPORTEMENT ; TROUBLES DE LA PERSONNALITE ; DEPRESSION ; PREVALENCE
Background: USA studies have reported high rates of co-morbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance (drugs and alcohol) dependence/misuse. Avoidance of trauma reminders and associated distress may be achieved by the use of drugs and alcohol, alternatively a substance abusing lifestyle might predispose such individuals to experience traumatic events. This may have implications for treatment and management of patients with co-morbid substance misuse and PTSD. There have been no British studies looking at the extent of traumatic life events and post-traumatic stress disorder amongst substance misusers, although high rates of reported sexual and physical abuse have been reported in two recent UK studies with drug- and alcohol-dependent patients in clinical settings. Aims: (i) To investigate the prevalence of co-morbid PTSD in a UK substance use disorder (SUD) inpatient clinical population; (ii) to identify the characteristics, severity and types of trauma experienced; (iii) to compare SUD patients with and without co-morbid PTSD on substance use and history, psychological/psychiatric and social variables Method: This is a cross-sectional study involving interviews with patients and case note review. SUD inpatients were interviewed about traumatic experiences, PTSD, and addiction. Results: Ninety-four percentage reported experiencing one or more PTSD criterion A traumatic experiences. 38.5% met criteria for current PTSD and 51.9% for lifetime PTSD. Significant differences between the PTSD and non-PTSD groups were found in PTSD and trauma-related variables, notably social variables and distress associated with traumatic experiences, but few differences were found in addiction severity (medical and psychiatric composite scores of the ASI) and psychiatric symptomatology. Conclusions: This study highlights not only the importance of assessment of trauma and PTSD amongst substance misusers but, conversely the need for the assessment of substance abuse among victims of PTSD. Co-morbid psychopathology is common, so trauma histories and PTSD symptoms may become embedded in other co-morbid psychopathology. (Review's abstract.)
Note de contenu : tabl. Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Refs biblio. : 29 Affiliation : Sch. Soc. Sci. Law, Brunel Univ., Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3 PH
Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom.
Numéro Toxibase : 804787 Centre Emetteur : 08 CAS Strasbourg Permalink : Co-morbid substance misuse and mental health problems: policy and practice in Scotland / A. BALDACCHINO
Titre : Co-morbid substance misuse and mental health problems: policy and practice in Scotland Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : A. BALDACCHINO Année de publication : 2007 Importance : 147-159 Note générale : American Journal on Addictions, 2007, 16, (3), 147-159 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ECOSSE ; ROYAUME-UNI
COMORBIDITE ; SANTE PUBLIQUE ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE ; POLITIQUE ; RECHERCHE ; ALCOOL ; DISPOSITIF DE SOIN
Discipline : PSY Psychopathologie / Psychopathology Résumé : This article attempts to conceptualize the issues, problems, research, and policy solutions that have arisen in Scotland as a result of co-morbid substance misuse and mental health problems in treatment- and non-treatment-seeking populations. This approach also acknowledges the differences and similarities present when comparing the Scottish and national UK responses to co-morbidity. Finally, information and recommendations from a Scotland-wide qualitative research program on co-morbidity will help relate the Scottish picture with the international scene in trying to identify the best ways of tackling this complex situation. (Author' s abstract) Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Refs biblio. : 95 Affiliation : Centre for Addiction Research and Education Scotland, Division of Pathology and Neuroscience, Section of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, Nursing and Dentistry, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland.
Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom.
Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A03843 Permalink : Comorbidity. Perspectives accross Europe / A. BALDACCHINO
Titre : Comorbidity. Perspectives accross Europe Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : A. BALDACCHINO ; J. CORKERY Editeur : London : ECCAS (European Collaborating Centres in Addiction Studies) Année de publication : 2006 Importance : 365 p. Note générale : ECCAS Monograph Series n°4 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
PRODUIT ILLICITE ; COMORBIDITE ; DEFINITION ; CLASSIFICATION ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE ; ABUS ; DEPENDANCE ; ALCOOL ; PSYCHIATRIE ; RECHERCHE
Discipline : PSY Psychopathologie / Psychopathology Résumé : Interest in the effect of substance misuse on the individual's mental health dates back a few centuries now. Since then the problem has diversified because of the phenomenon of multiple drug use and the higher prevalence of psychotropic drug use. There is now also recognition of the importance of diagnosing and treating mental health related problems. The combination of polysubstance use and dependence, the increasing prevalence of mental health problems and a societal recognition of the potential problematic consequences to the individual is the subject of this monograph. Comorbidity is a condition describing the presence of two or more diagnosable conditions happening, either at the same time or having a close temporal relationship, to the same individual. This is usually more focused on the presence of psychological/psychiatric problems and associated polydrug use and misuse. The monograph tries to identify and clarify some theoretical concepts related to the subject of mental health problems and substance misuse by studying the latest research on comorbidity in a European context. This provides a basis for understanding comorbidity in a holistic manner and allows the opportunity to appreciate the different levels of vulnerability to this condition. The monograph then describes several examples of good practice and approaches to this issue through a description of services in all parts of the European continent. It allows the reader to appreciate the commonalities as well as the differences present in these scenarios and shows that communities may approach comorbidity service provision in different ways but may come up with the same solutions to the problem. (Extract of the publication) Texte n° : ECCAS Monograph Series n°4 Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Affiliation : Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom. Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Lien : https://archive.org/details/ECCASMonographNo4Comorbidity Permalink : Drugs on the web; the Psychonaut 2002 EU project / F. SCHIFANO in Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, Vol.30, n°4 (2006)
Titre : Drugs on the web; the Psychonaut 2002 EU project Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : F. SCHIFANO ; P. DELUCA ; A. BALDACCHINO ; T. PELTONIEMI ; N. SCHERBAUM ; M. TORRENS ; M. FARRE ; FLORES I. ; M. ROSSI ; D. EASTWOOD ; GUIONNET C. ; S. RAWAF ; L. AGOSTI ; L. DI FURIA ; BRIGADA R. ; A. MAJAVA ; H. SIEMANN ; LEONI M. ; TOMASIN A. ; ROVETTO F. ; A. H. GHODSE ; Psychonaut 2002 Research Group Année de publication : 2006 Article en page(s) : 640-646 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
INTERNET ; VENTE ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; INFORMATION ; FABRICATION ; PREVENTION ; DROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; PLANTE
Discipline : MAR Marché de la drogue / Drug market Résumé : PURPOSE: Only a few formal assessments of websites with drug-related contents have been carried out. We aimed here at fostering collection and analysis of data from web pages related to information on consumption, manufacture and sales of psychoactive substances. GENERAL METHODS: An 8-language, two-engine, assessment of the information available in a purposeful sample of 1633 unique websites was carried out. FINDINGS: A pro-drug and a harm reduction approach were evident, respectively, in 18% and 10% of websites accessed. About 1 in 10 websites offered either psychoactive compounds for sale or detailed data on drugs' synthesis/extraction procedures. Information on a number of psychoactive substances and on unusual drugs' combinations not found in the Medline was elicited. CONCLUSIONS: This represents the first review which is both comprehensive and multilingual of the online available information on psychoactive compounds. Health professionals may need to be aware of the web being a new drug resource for information and possibly purchase. (Author' s abstract) Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Affiliation : Division of Mental Health-Addictive Behaviour, St. George's, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE
Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom.
Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A03990 Permalink :
in Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry > Vol.30, n°4 (2006) . - 640-646[article]Nature, level and type of networking for individuals with dual diagnosis: A European perspective / A. BALDACCHINO ; T. GREACEN ; C. L. HODGES ; K. CHARZYNSKA ; M. SORSA ; T. SAIAS ; C. CLANCY ; C. LACK ; E. HYLDAGER ; L. B. MERINDER ; J. MEDER ; Z. HENDERSON ; H. LAIJARVI ; K. BAECK-MOLLER in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, Vol.18, n°5 (October 2011)
Titre : Nature, level and type of networking for individuals with dual diagnosis: A European perspective Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : A. BALDACCHINO ; T. GREACEN ; C. L. HODGES ; K. CHARZYNSKA ; M. SORSA ; T. SAIAS ; C. CLANCY ; C. LACK ; E. HYLDAGER ; L. B. MERINDER ; J. MEDER ; Z. HENDERSON ; H. LAIJARVI ; K. BAECK-MOLLER Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 393-401 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
COMORBIDITE ; RESEAU DE SOINS ; PRISE EN CHARGE ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE ; ADDICTION ; PARTENARIAT
Discipline : PSY Psychopathologie / Psychopathology Résumé : Aim: To obtain more detailed information on service availability and appropriateness and interagency networking for individuals with dual diagnosis (DD) at seven European centres. Methods: Data was collected using two parts of the three-part Treatment of Dual Diagnosis tool in seven European centres as part of the Integrated Services Aimed at Dual Diagnosis and Optimal Recovery from Addiction (ISADORA) study between 2002 and 2005 focusing on the nature, level and type of networking for individuals with co-morbid mental health and substance misuse problems (DD). A multi-level process of qualifying networking was used. Findings: Findings show that 50-90% of the listed centres across the ISADORA sites reported some level of networking but only 30% had a joint care agreement in place or shared patient/client records with at least one other agency. Barriers and facilitators to interagency collaboration are described. Conclusion: This pan-European study highlighted the need for a more integrated and focused approach to DD service delivery. Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Affiliation : Institute of Neurosciences, Centre for Addiction Research and Education Scotland (CARES), University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09687637.2010.520171 Permalink :
in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy > Vol.18, n°5 (October 2011) . - 393-401[article]Preventing opioid overdoses in Europe: A critical assessment of known risk factors and preventative measures / M. FRISHER ; A. BALDACCHINO ; I. CROME ; R. BLOORPermalinkService uptake in a sample of substance misuse and community mental health service clients: A case control study / TODD J.PermalinkUnderstanding access to drug and alcohol treatment services in Europe: A multi-country service users' perspective / G. GILCHRIST ; J. MOSKALEWICZ ; R. NUTT ; J. LOVE ; E. GERMENI ; I. VALKOVA ; A. KANTCHELOV ; T. STOYKOVA ; M. BUJALSKI ; T. POPLAS-SUSIC ; A. BALDACCHINO in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, Vol.21, n°2 (April 2014)Permalink