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Auteur G. GMEL
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Cannabis use and other illicit drug use: do subjective experiences during first cannabis use increase the probability of using illicit drug? / S. BAGGIO ; Y. HENCHOZ ; J. STUDER ; S. DELINE ; A. N’GORAN ; M. MOHLER-KUO ; J. B. DAEPPEN ; G. GMEL in Journal of Substance Use, Vol.20, n°4 (August 2015)
Titre : Cannabis use and other illicit drug use: do subjective experiences during first cannabis use increase the probability of using illicit drug? Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : S. BAGGIO ; Y. HENCHOZ ; J. STUDER ; S. DELINE ; A. N’GORAN ; M. MOHLER-KUO ; J. B. DAEPPEN ; G. GMEL Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : 234-238 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
CANNABIS ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; PREMIER USAGE ; SEXE MASCULIN ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; ADULTE JEUNE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Background and aims: Few studies have examined whether subjective experiences during first cannabis use are related to other illicit drug (OID) use. This study investigated this topic.
Methods: Baseline data from a representative sample of young Swiss men was obtained from an ongoing Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (N = 5753). Logistic regressions were performed to examine the relationships between cannabis use and of subjective experiences during first cannabis use with 15 OID.
Results: Positive experiences increased the likelihood of using hallucinogens (hallucinogens, salvia divinorum, spice; p Conclusion: Subjective feelings seemed to amplify the association of cannabis with OID. The risk increased for drugs with effects resembling feelings experienced on first cannabis use. Negative experiences should also be a concern, as they were associated with increased risk of using the "hardest" illicit drugs.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Affiliation : Institute for Social Sciences, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in Journal of Substance Use > Vol.20, n°4 (August 2015) . - 234-238[article]Cannabis use and other predictors of the onset of daily cigarette use in young men: what matters most? Results from a longitudinal study / J. BECKER ; M. SCHAUB ; G. GMEL ; S. HAUG in BMC Public Health, Vol.15, n°843 (2015)
Titre : Cannabis use and other predictors of the onset of daily cigarette use in young men: what matters most? Results from a longitudinal study Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. BECKER ; M. SCHAUB ; G. GMEL ; S. HAUG Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : 10 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ETUDE LONGITUDINALE ; SEXE MASCULIN ; JEUNE ; CANNABIS ; TABAC ; USAGE REGULIER ; FACTEUR PREDICTIF ; THEORIE DE L'ESCALADE ; PROFIL SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIQUE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : BACKGROUND: According to the gateway hypothesis, tobacco use is a gateway of cannabis use. However, there is increasing evidence that cannabis use also predicts the progression of tobacco use (reverse gateway hypothesis). Unfortunately, the importance of cannabis use compared to other predictors of tobacco use is less clear. The aim of this study was to examine which variables, in addition to cannabis use, best predict the onset of daily cigarette smoking in young men.
METHODS: A total of 5,590 young Swiss men (mean age = 19.4 years, SD = 1.2) provided data on their substance use, socio-demographic background, religion, health, social context, and personality at baseline and after 18 months. We modelled the predictors of progression to daily cigarette smoking using logistic regression analyses (n = 4,230).
RESULTS: In the multivariate overall model, use of cannabis remained among the strongest predictors for the onset of daily cigarette use. Daily cigarette use was also predicted by a lifetime use of at least 50 cigarettes, occasional cigarette use, educational level, religious affiliation, parental situation, peers with psychiatric problems, and sociability.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight the relevance of cannabis use compared to other potential predictors of the progression of tobacco use and thereby support the reverse gateway hypothesis.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco Refs biblio. : 48 Affiliation : Swiss Research Institute for Public Health and Addiction ISGF, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2194-3 Permalink :
in BMC Public Health > Vol.15, n°843 (2015) . - 10 p.[article]Challenging the "inoffensiveness" of regular cannabis use by its associations with other current risky substance use - a census of 20-year-old Swiss men / G. GMEL ; J. GAUME ; C. WILLI ; P. A. MICHAUD ; J. CORNUZ ; J. B. DAEPPEN in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol.7, n°1 (January 2010)
Titre : Challenging the "inoffensiveness" of regular cannabis use by its associations with other current risky substance use - a census of 20-year-old Swiss men Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : G. GMEL ; J. GAUME ; C. WILLI ; P. A. MICHAUD ; J. CORNUZ ; J. B. DAEPPEN Année de publication : 2010 Article en page(s) : 46-59 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
USAGE REGULIER ; ADULTE JEUNE ; SEXE MASCULIN ; CANNABIS ; POLYCONSOMMATION ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; PRODUIT LICITE ; TABAC ; ALCOOL ; ENQUETE ; PREVALENCE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : 3,537 men enrolling in 2007 for mandatory army recruitment procedures were assessed for the co-occurrence of risky licit substance use among risky cannabis users. Risky cannabis use was defined as at least twice weekly; risky alcohol use as 6+ drinks more than once/monthly, or more than 20 drinks per week; and risky tobacco use as daily smoking. Ninety-five percent of all risky cannabis users reported other risky use. They began using cannabis earlier than did non-risky users, but age of onset was unrelated to other risky substance use. A pressing public health issue among cannabis users stems from risky licit substance use warranting preventive efforts within this age group. [Author's abstract] Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Plusieurs produits / Several products Refs biblio. : 54 Affiliation : Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital CHUV, Mont-Paisible 16, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland Cote : A04070 Lien : http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/7/1/46 Permalink :
in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health > Vol.7, n°1 (January 2010) . - 46-59[article]Changes in adolescents' reasons for drinking in Switzerland and associations with alcohol use from 1994 to 2002 / E. KUNTSCHE in Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol.39, n°5 (November 2006)
Titre : Changes in adolescents' reasons for drinking in Switzerland and associations with alcohol use from 1994 to 2002 Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : E. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL Année de publication : 2006 Article en page(s) : 705-711 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; ADOLESCENT ; EVOLUTION ; IVRESSE ; MOTIVATION ; PREVALENCE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : PURPOSE: To determine changes in the prevalence of reasons for drinking and their associations with alcohol use among adolescents in Switzerland from 1994 to 2002. METHOD: Based on national representative samples of 3792 alcohol-using students in 8th and 9th grades in Switzerland (mean age 15.5 years, SD .7), chi-square tests were used to determine changes in reasons for drinking over time. To determine associations between reasons and alcohol use and changes in these associations over time, multiple regression models were estimated separately for the frequency of alcohol consumption and drunkenness. RESULTS: Most adolescents reported drinking to celebrate special occasions, because they wanted to try alcohol, or because they liked the taste of alcoholic drinks. From 1994 to 2002, an increase in all reasons was observed. In multiple regressions, nearly all reasons were significantly related to alcohol consumption and drunkenness. With two exceptions, no interaction with the study year was found. Furthermore, the number of reasons cited by the adolescents surveyed is important: the more reasons they indicated, the more often they drank. The highest alcohol use in 2002 was found among adolescents who indicated all or nearly all reasons, a group that did not exist in 1994. CONCLUSIONS: There appears to be a new group of adolescents who indicated a high number of different reasons for drinking, who often consumed alcohol, and who were frequently drunk. Prevention approaches should be especially targeted at this new risk group. (Author' s abstract) Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 29 Affiliation : Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Suisse. Switzerland. Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A03011 Permalink :
in Journal of Adolescent Health > Vol.39, n°5 (November 2006) . - 705-711[article]Characteristics of binge drinkers in Europe / E. KUNTSCHE in Social Science and Medicine, Vol.59, n°1 (2004)
Titre : Characteristics of binge drinkers in Europe Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : E. KUNTSCHE ; J. REHM ; G. GMEL Année de publication : 2004 Article en page(s) : 113-127 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; TYPE D'USAGE ; INFLUENCE ; AGE ; ABUS ; FAMILLE ; PAIR
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
Revue de la littérature destinée à caractériser au mieux les influences des individus européens qui abusent ponctuellement de l'alcool ("binge drinking"). Elle a notamment utilisé les données de l'enquête Espad. Une variété de caractéristiques individuelles et socio-environnementales associées à ce mode d'alcoolisation a été identifiée. Cependant, les données sont insuffisantes et portent surtout sur les jeunes. [Note Toxibase]
Binge drinking has been shown to be associated with considerable social harm and disease burden. This review aims to give an overview from a European perspective of the socio-demographical, individual, and social factors that affect binge drinking and to identify effective interventions to reduce binge drinking. To this end, a computer-assisted search of relevant articles was conducted. Results showed that males tended to binge drinking more frequently than females. Binge drinking was most prevalent among adolescents and young adults, and prevalence levelled off later in life. Socio- economic conditions seemed to have an effect on binge drinking, independent of their effects on the volume of alcohol consumed. The early onset of binge drinking was associated with a history of drinking in the family, but pathways into adulthood are less clear. Binge drinking often co-occurred with other substance use. Motives for binge drinking included both social camaraderie and tension reduction. Which aspect prevails may vary according to the type of binge drinker, but to date has not been satisfactorily explained. Binge drinkers were not likely to know enough about or be aware of the potential risks of bingeing. Pressure from peers was one of the strongest influencing factors for binge drinking and seemed to outweigh parental influences, especially from late adolescence onwards. Binge drinking also varied according to both the predominant adult and adolescent drinking culture with more binge drinking in the northern and middle parts of Europe compared to the southern parts. Thus, a variety of socio-demographical, individual, and social characteristics associated with binge drinking have been identified. However, knowledge in this area is limited, as most research has been conducted among particular groups in specific situations, in particular North American college students. More research in Europe is urgently needed, as results from other cultural backgrounds are difficult to generalize. (Author' s abstract)
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Affiliation : Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, PO Box 870, Lausanne 1001
Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A02120 Permalink :
in Social Science and Medicine > Vol.59, n°1 (2004) . - 113-127[article]La cigarette électronique en Suisse en 2013 : analyse des données du Monitorage suisse des addictions / H. KUENDIG ; L. NOTARI ; G. GMEL ; C. GMELPermalinkA comparison of two case-crossover methods for studying the dose-response relationship between alcohol and injury / J. BOND ; C. J. CHERPITEL ; Y. YE ; G. BORGES ; S. P. CHOU ; S. CHUN ; H. SOVINOVA ; G. GMEL in Contemporary Drug Problems, Vol.41, n°1 (Spring 2014)PermalinkConcurrent and simultaneous polydrug use among young Swiss males: use patterns and associations of number of substances used with health issues / S. BAGGIO ; J. STUDER ; M. MOHLER-KUO ; J. B. DAEPPEN ; G. GMEL in International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Vol.26, n°2 (May 2014)PermalinkLa consommation de cannabis en Suisse et ses conséquences : vue d'ensemble 2004 / GROUPE DE TRAVAIL MONITORING CANNABISPermalinkContextual determinants of alcohol consumption changes and preventive alcohol policies: a 12-country European study in progress / A. ALLAMANI ; F. VOLLER ; A. DECARLI ; V. CASOTTO ; K. PANTZER ; P. ANDERSON ; A. GUAL ; S. MATRAI ; Z. ELEKES ; I. EISENBACH-STANGL ; G. SCHMIED ; R. A. KNIBBE ; S. NORDLUND ; O. SKJAELAAEN ; B. OLSSON ; J. CISNEROS ORNBERG ; E. OSTERBERG ; T. KARLSSON ; M. PLANT ; P. MILLER ; N. COGHILL ; G. SWIATKIEWICZ ; L. WIECZOREK ; B. ANNAHEIM ; G. GMEL in Substance Use and Misuse, Vol.46, n°10 (2011)PermalinkDefining substance use disorders: Do we really need more than heavy use? [For debate] / J. REHM ; S. MARMET ; P. ANDERSON ; A. GUAL ; L. KRAUS ; D. J. NUTT ; R. ROOM ; A. V. SAMOKHVALOV ; E. SCAFATO ; M. TRAPENCIERIS ; R. W. WIERS ; G. GMEL in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.48, n°6 (November-December 2013)PermalinkDie Entwicklung des Gebrauchs von Medikamenten mit Missbrauchspotential zwischen 1992 und 1997 / E. MAFFLIPermalinkDisentangling gender and age effects on risky single occasion drinking during adolescence / E. KUNTSCHE in European Journal of Public Health, Vol.16 n°6 (2006)PermalinkDrinking at European universities? A review of students' alcohol use / M. WICKI ; E. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL in Addictive Behaviors, Vol.35, n°11 (November 2010)PermalinkDrinking patterns and traffic casualties in Switzerland: matching survey data and police records to design preventive action / G. GMEL in Public Health, Vol.119, n°5 (May 2005)Permalink