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Auteur M. THUN
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21st-Century hazards of smoking and benefits of cessation in the United States / P. JHA ; C. RAMASUNDARAHETTIGE ; V. LANDSMAN ; B. ROSTRON ; M. THUN ; R. N. ANDERSON ; T. McAFEE ; R. PETO in New England Journal of Medicine, Vol.368, n°4 (January 24, 2013)
Titre : 21st-Century hazards of smoking and benefits of cessation in the United States Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : P. JHA ; C. RAMASUNDARAHETTIGE ; V. LANDSMAN ; B. ROSTRON ; M. THUN ; R. N. ANDERSON ; T. McAFEE ; R. PETO Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 341-350 Note générale : Edirotial: New evidence that cigarette smoking remains the most important health hazard. Schroeder S.A., p. 389-390 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
TABAC ; ABSTINENCE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; BENEFICE ; ESPERANCE DE VIE ; MORTALITE ; COHORTE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE ; NON FUMEUR ; SEXE ; AGE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Background: Extrapolation from studies in the 1980s suggests that smoking causes 25% of deaths among women and men 35 to 69 years of age in the United States. Nationally representative measurements of the current risks of smoking and the benefits of cessation at various ages are unavailable.
Methods: We obtained smoking and smoking-cessation histories from 113,752 women and 88,496 men 25 years of age or older who were interviewed between 1997 and 2004 in the U.S. National Health Interview Survey and related these data to the causes of deaths that occurred by December 31, 2006 (8236 deaths in women and 7479 in men). Hazard ratios for death among current smokers, as compared with those who had never smoked, were adjusted for age, educational level, adiposity, and alcohol consumption.
Results: For participants who were 25 to 79 years of age, the rate of death from any cause among current smokers was about three times that among those who had never smoked (hazard ratio for women, 3.0; 99% confidence interval [CI], 2.7 to 3.3; hazard ratio for men, 2.8; 99% CI, 2.4 to 3.1). Most of the excess mortality among smokers was due to neoplastic, vascular, respiratory, and other diseases that can be caused by smoking. The probability of surviving from 25 to 79 years of age was about twice as great in those who had never smoked as in current smokers (70% vs. 38% among women and 61% vs. 26% among men). Life expectancy was shortened by more than 10 years among the current smokers, as compared with those who had never smoked. Adults who had quit smoking at 25 to 34, 35 to 44, or 45 to 54 years of age gained about 10, 9, and 6 years of life, respectively, as compared with those who continued to smoke.
Conclusions: Smokers lose at least one decade of life expectancy, as compared with those who have never smoked. Cessation before the age of 40 years reduces the risk of death associated with continued smoking by about 90%.
Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Refs biblio. : 30 Affiliation : Center for Global Health Research, St. Michael's Hospital, and Dalla Lana
School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsa1211128 Permalink :
in New England Journal of Medicine > Vol.368, n°4 (January 24, 2013) . - 341-350[article]Mortality from smoking in developed countries, 1950-2000. Indirect estimates from national statistics / R. PETO
Titre : Mortality from smoking in developed countries, 1950-2000. Indirect estimates from national statistics Type de document : Livre Auteurs : R. PETO ; A. D. LOPEZ ; J. BOREHAM ; M. THUN Editeur : Oxford - New York : Oxford University Press Année de publication : 2005 Importance : 517 p. Présentation : graph. ; tabl. ISBN/ISSN/EAN : 978-0-19-262619-6 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
TABAC ; MORTALITE ; AGE ; EVOLUTION
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Recent studies have shown that in developed countries, smokers are more likely to die before age 70 than are non-smokers, and the proportion is increasing. For each major developed country, and for various groups of such countries, tables and graphs are provided that describe the extent to which smoking is now causing death in middle and in old age. The main purpose of this book is to facilitate effective communication, first to the reader and then by the reader, of the extraordinary magnitude of the number of deaths that smoking is now causing. In developed countries alone, the habit is currently responsible for about two million deaths a year, about half of which are deaths in middle age. There is, however, wide variation between one developed country and another in the current death rates from smoking, and the trends in those deaths. These variations are also described in the book. Mortality from Smoking in Developed Countries is an authoritative and revealing study that will be invaluable to epidemiologists and public health specialists. (Editor' s abstract) Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Affiliation : UK Lien : http://gas.ndph.ox.ac.uk/deathsfromsmoking/publications.html Permalink : Mortality from smoking in developed countries: 1950-2005 (or later) - FRANCE / R. PETO ; A. D. LOPEZ ; J. BOREHAM ; M. THUN
Titre : Mortality from smoking in developed countries: 1950-2005 (or later) - FRANCE Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : R. PETO ; A. D. LOPEZ ; J. BOREHAM ; M. THUN Editeur : Oxford [UK] : CTSU (Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit) Année de publication : 2012 Importance : 13 p. Présentation : tabl., graph. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
TABAC ; MORTALITE ; CAUSE DE DECES ; PATHOLOGIE ; AGE ; SEXE ; EVOLUTION
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Affiliation : UK Lien : http://gas.ndph.ox.ac.uk/deathsfromsmoking/publications.html URL : Accès aux autres pays : http://www.ctsu.ox.ac.uk/~tobacco/ Permalink : Progress and opportunities in tobacco control / COKKINIDES V.
Titre : Progress and opportunities in tobacco control Titre traduit : (Progrès et opportunités dans le contrôle du tabac) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : COKKINIDES V. ; P. BANDI ; E. WARD ; JEMAL A. ; M. THUN Année de publication : 2006 Importance : 135-142 Présentation : fig. ; graph. ; tabl. Note générale : CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 2006, 56, (3), 135-142 Langues : Français (fre) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
TABAC ; CONSOMMATION ; JEUNE ; ADULTE ; POLITIQUE ; PREVALENCE ; EVOLUTION ; ENQUETE ; LEGISLATION ; INTERDICTION DE FUMER ; TAXE ; ABSTINENCE ; TRAITEMENT ; MORTALITE ; SANTE PUBLIQUE ; COUT
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Résumé :
Much progress has been made in reducing tobacco use in the United States. Despite the continuing challenges of tobacco control and the massive burden of illness, death, and economic costs caused by tobacco products, there are now unprecedented opportunities to prevent and treat tobacco dependence through a combination of interventions that have proven effective at both the population and individual levels. This report briefly reviews population trends in tobacco use by youth and adults, describes some of the policy measures that have proven effective in comprehensive tobacco control, and discusses the role of clinicians in the diagnosis and treatment of tobacco dependence in patients.
Note de contenu : fig. ; graph. ; tabl. Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Refs biblio. : 59 Affiliation : Risk Factor Surveillance, Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA
Etats-Unis. United States.
Numéro Toxibase : 1301644 Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A02783 Permalink : Understanding punishment responses to drug offenders: The role of social threat, individual harm, moral wrongfulness, and emotional warmth / R. DURRANT ; S. FISHER ; M. THUN in Contemporary Drug Problems, Vol.38, n°1 (Spring 2011)
Titre : Understanding punishment responses to drug offenders: The role of social threat, individual harm, moral wrongfulness, and emotional warmth Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. DURRANT ; S. FISHER ; M. THUN Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 147-177 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
SANCTION PENALE ; ILS ; OPINION PUBLIQUE ; REPRESENTATION SOCIALE ; PERCEPTION ; DELINQUANCE ; CANNABIS ; METHAMPHETAMINE ; POSSESSION DE DROGUE
Discipline : SHS Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences Résumé : The harm that drugs cause to users and society is the typical rationale for the regulation of illicit drugs and the punishment of drug offenders. However, what factors actually influence people's punishment responses to drug offenses? A sample of 196 residents of Wellington, New Zealand completed measures that assessed their perceptions of the social threat caused by drugs, the harm of drugs, their feelings of emotional warmth towards drug offenders, and their perceptions of the moral wrongfulness of drug offenses. They then assigned punishment to different drug offenses. Perceptions of moral wrongfulness was the best predictor of punishment responses across offense types, although perceptions of individual harm and social threat also independently predicted punishment to, respectively, cannabis-use offenses and cannabis-sale offenses. The results of this study suggest that the amount of punishment deemed appropriate for different drug offenses is most strongly influenced by individuals' perceptions of the moral wrongfulness of drug offending. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Affiliation : Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in Contemporary Drug Problems > Vol.38, n°1 (Spring 2011) . - 147-177[article]