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Will drug use rise? Exploring a key concern about decriminalising or regulating drugs / G. MURKIN
Titre : Will drug use rise? Exploring a key concern about decriminalising or regulating drugs Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : G. MURKIN Année de publication : 2016 Editeur : Bristol : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Importance : 36 p. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
DECRIMINALISATION ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; PROHIBITION ; LEGALISATION ; PREVALENCE ; CANNABIS ; POLITIQUE ; MODELE
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : This report argues that this rationale for continuing with an enforcement-led approach to drugs is poorly supported by empirical research, and that alternative policies - in particular the decriminalisation of personal drug possession or the introduction of legally regulated drug markets - can produce better outcomes while also avoiding dramatic increases in use. It also makes the case that overall levels of drug use are not an accurate indicator of levels of drug-related harm, and should not be considered as such.
Given the pace at which real-world alternatives to criminalisation and prohibition have taken hold in recent years, and the extent to which drug policy reform has become a mainstream issue, there is now no shortage of claims and counterclaims about how different policies affect levels of drug consumption. This report attempts to cut through this debate, addressing the widely held concern about increased use by reviewing the evidence acquired since the modern international drug control framework was established in the 1960s, and looking at what is known about other approaches to managing a range of substances. Ultimately, the intention is to provide a representative overview of what is known about the relationship between drug policy, drug use, and related harms.
Affiliation : UK Lien : http://www.tdpf.org.uk/resources/publications/will-drug-use-rise-exploring-key-c [...] Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=77922A comparison of the cost-effectiveness of the prohibition and regulation of drugs / Transform Drug Policy Foundation
Titre : A comparison of the cost-effectiveness of the prohibition and regulation of drugs Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Année de publication : 2009 Editeur : Bristol : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Importance : 53 p. Présentation : ann. ; graph. ; tabl. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
COUT ; EFFICACITE ; COMPARAISON ; REGLEMENTATION ; PROHIBITION ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; POLITIQUE
Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
Il s'agit de la première étude comparative des coûts respectifs de la prohibition et de la légalisation. Selon les auteurs, « Le gouvernement affirme que toute avancée du système de prohibition vers la régulation entrainerait des coûts supérieurs aux bénéfices. Mais aucune analyse comparative coûts/bénéfices ni aucune étude d'impact des politiques actuelles n'a jamais été menée en Grande-Bretagne ni d'ailleurs à l'étranger. »
Despite the billions spent each year on proactive and reactive drug law enforcement, the punitive prohibitionist approach has consistently delivered the opposite of its stated goals. The Governments own data clearly demonstrates drug supply and availability increasing; use of drugs that cause the most harm increasing; health harms increasing; massive levels of crime created at all scales leading to a crisis in the criminal justice system; and illicit drug profits enriching criminals, fuelling conflict and destabilising producer and transit countries from Mexico to Afghanistan. This is an expensive policy that, in the words of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, has also created a raft of negative unintended consequences. Alternative approaches - involving established regulatory models of controlling drug production, supply and use - have not been considered or costed. The limited cost effectiveness analysis of current policy that has been undertaken has frequently been suppressed. In terms of scrutinizing major public policy and spending initiatives, current drug policy is unique in this regard. This paper is an attempt to begin to redress these failings by comparing the costs and benefits of the current policy of drug prohibition, with those of a proposed model for the legal regulation of drugs in the UK. We also identify areas of further research, and steps to ensure future drugs policy is genuinely based on evidence of what works. This initial analysis demonstrates that a move to legally regulated drug supply would deliver substantial benefits to the Treasury and wider community, even in the highly unlikely event of a substantial increase in use. (From the editor' s abstract)
Refs biblio. : 84 Affiliation : UK Lien : http://www.tdpf.org.uk/resources/publications/comparison-cost-effectiveness-proh [...] Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=51927After the war on drugs: blueprint for regulation / Transform Drug Policy Foundation
Titre : After the war on drugs: blueprint for regulation Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Année de publication : 2009 Editeur : Bristol : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Importance : 215 p. Note générale : Bristol, Transform Drug Policy Foundation, 2009, 215 p. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
REGLEMENTATION ; PROHIBITION ; DISTRIBUTION CONTROLEE ; VENTE ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; ALCOOL ; TABAC ; CANNABIS ; STIMULANTS ; HALLUCINOGENES ; ANTIDEPRESSEURS ; POLITIQUE ; LEGALISATION
Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Résumé : There is a growing recognition around the world that the prohibition of drugs is a counterproductive failure. However, a major barrier to drug law reform has been a widespread fear of the unknownjust what could a post-prohibition regime look like?
For the first time, "After the War on Drugs: Blueprint for Regulation" answers that question by proposing specific models of regulation for each main type and preparation of prohibited drug, coupled with the principles and rationale for doing so.
We demonstrate that moving to the legal regulation of drugs is not an unthinkable, politically impossible step in the dark, but a sensible, pragmatic approach to control drug production, supply and use. [Editor's abstract]
Affiliation : Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom. Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : E00908 Lien : http://www.tdpf.org.uk/blueprint%20download.htm Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=51534Heroin-assisted treatment in Switzerland: successfully regulating the supply and use of a high-risk injectable drug / Transform Drug Policy Foundation
Titre : Heroin-assisted treatment in Switzerland: successfully regulating the supply and use of a high-risk injectable drug Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : Transform Drug Policy Foundation ; S. ROLLES Année de publication : 2016 Editeur : Bristol : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Importance : 4 p. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
HEROINE ; DISTRIBUTION CONTROLEE ; SALLE DE CONSOMMATION A MOINDRE RISQUE ; EFFICACITE
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : A number of countries - including Switzerland, the UK, Germany, the Netherlands and Canada - prescribe heroin for use under medical supervision, as part of successful programmes to treat long-term users of illicit opioids.
Heroin-assisted treatment (HAT) is significantly less common than opioid substitution treatment (OST). This is because HAT is typically reserved for opioid users who have proven unresponsive to other forms of treatment, and because it is considered more politically controversial. But despite its relatively limited availability, there is now a substantial body of evidence demonstrating the effectiveness of HAT. This evidence provides useful lessons for managing one of the most risky and problematic forms of drug use as a public health challenge, rather than a criminal justice one.
Legally recognised as a medical intervention and therefore not prohibited by the UN drug conventions, HAT shows the wider potential benefits - locally, nationally and internationally - of moving the supply and use of an illicit drug into a completely legal, strictly regulated market. The experience of Switzerland, which became a pioneer of HAT in the 1990s, represents the most comprehensive source of empirical evidence on the outcomes of such a transition. It suggests that if this form of treatment were rolled out widely - particularly in major consumer countries - it could have major benefits for many people dependent on heroin, and a significant impact on the scale of illicit drug markets.
Refs biblio. : 20 Affiliation : UK Lien : http://www.tdpf.org.uk/resources/publications/heroin-assisted-treatment-switzerl [...] Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=78341After the war on drugs, options for control / S. ROLLES
Titre : After the war on drugs, options for control Titre traduit : (Après la guerre à la drogue, les options de contrôle) Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : S. ROLLES ; D. KUSHLICK Année de publication : 2004 Editeur : Bristol : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Importance : 43 p. Présentation : ill. ; tabl. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
POLITIQUE ; REPRESSION ; PROHIBITION ; LEGISLATION ; LEGALISATION ; DEPENALISATION ; CONTROLE DES STUPEFIANTS ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE
ETATS-UNIS ; ROYAUME-UNI
Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Résumé : This report is the culmination of over a decade's thinking and experience of campaigning for drug policy reform. This process has been informed recently by the 'Options for Control' seminar series held in conjunction with the Mannheim Centre for the study of Criminology and Criminal Justice in May and July 2004. The report fulfils four aims: -provides a critique of the failings of prohibition -offers a framework for regulating drugs and for developing effective drug policy -suggests a roadmap for reform -offers opportunities to influence progressive reform. The report will be updated periodically to take account of developments. The hope is that this work will be a practical aid to the development of more effective drug policy and feedback is welcomed. (Extract of the publication) Refs biblio. : 48 Affiliation : UK Numéro Toxibase : 207907 Centre Emetteur : 02 Coordonnateur Cote : ROYAUME-UNI Lien : http://www.tdpf.org.uk/resources/publications/after-war-drugs-options-control Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=17107Heroin Assisted Treatment (HAT): Saving lives, improving health, reducing crime / Transform Drug Policy FoundationPermalinkHow to regulate cannabis: A practical guide / Transform Drug Policy FoundationPermalinkDrug decriminalisation in Portugal: setting the record straight / G. MURKINPermalinkDrug policy in Sweden: a repressive approach that increases harm / Transform Drug Policy FoundationPermalinkCannabis social clubs in Spain: legalisation without commercialisation / Transform Drug Policy FoundationPermalinkThe alternative World Drug Report. 2nd edition / S. ROLLES ; G. MURKIN ; M. POWELL ; D. KUSHLICK ; N. SAUNTER ; J. SLATERPermalinkCannabis regulation and the UN drug treaties: Strategies for reform. Briefing paper / D. R. BEWLEY-TAYLOR ; M. JELSMA ; S. ROLLES ; J. WALSHPermalinkHow to regulate cannabis: A practical guide. Second edition / Transform Drug Policy FoundationPermalink