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50-Year trends in smoking-related mortality in the United States / M. J. THUN ; B. D. CARTER ; D. FESKANICH ; N. D. FREEDMAN ; R. PRENTICE ; A. LOPEZ ; P. HARTGE ; S. M. GAPSTUR in New England Journal of Medicine, Vol.368, n°4 (January 24, 2013)
in New England Journal of Medicine > Vol.368, n°4 (January 24, 2013) . - 351-364
Titre : 50-Year trends in smoking-related mortality in the United States Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : M. J. THUN ; B. D. CARTER ; D. FESKANICH ; N. D. FREEDMAN ; R. PRENTICE ; A. LOPEZ ; P. HARTGE ; S. M. GAPSTUR Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 351-364 Note générale : Editorial: New evidence that cigarette smoking remains the most important health hazard. Schroeder S.A., p. 389-390.
Correspondence: Smoking-Related Mortality in the United States. Lippi G., Mattiuzzi C., Cerimele J.M., Halperin A.C., Blum A., Thun M.J., Lopez A.D., Hartge P., Schroeder S., NEJM 2013;368(18), p. 1752-1754.
Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
TABAC ; MORTALITE ; EVOLUTION ; COHORTE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; CAUSE DE DECES ; SEXE ; AGE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Résumé : Background: The disease risks from cigarette smoking increased in the United States over most of the 20th century, first among male smokers and later among female smokers. Whether these risks have continued to increase during the past 20 years is unclear. Methods: We measured temporal trends in mortality across three time periods (1959-1965, 1982-1988, and 2000-2010), comparing absolute and relative risks according to sex and self-reported smoking status in two historical cohort studies and in five pooled contemporary cohort studies, among participants who became 55 years of age or older during follow-up.
Results: For women who were current smokers, as compared with women who had never smoked, the relative risks of death from lung cancer were 2.73, 12.65, and 25.66 in the 1960s, 1980s, and contemporary cohorts, respectively; corresponding relative risks for male current smokers, as compared with men who had never smoked, were 12.22, 23.81, and 24.97. In the contemporary cohorts, male and female current smokers also had similar relative risks for death from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (25.61 for men and 22.35 for women), ischemic heart disease (2.50 for men and 2.86 for women), any type of stroke (1.92 for men and 2.10 for women), and all causes combined (2.80 for men and 2.76 for women). Mortality from COPD among male smokers continued to increase in the contemporary cohorts in nearly all the age groups represented in the study and within each stratum of duration and intensity of smoking. Among men 55 to 74 years of age and women 60 to 74 years of age, all-cause mortality was at least three times as high among current smokers as among those who had never smoked. Smoking cessation at any age dramatically reduced death rates.
Conclusions: The risk of death from cigarette smoking continues to increase among women and the increased risks are now nearly identical for men and women, as compared with persons who have never smoked. Among men, the risks associated with smoking have plateaued at the high levels seen in the 1980s, except for a continuing, unexplained increase in mortality from COPD.
Refs biblio. : 36 Affiliation : Department of Epidemiology, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsa1211127 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=71540[article]Alcohol accounts for a high proportion of premature mortality in central and eastern Europe / J. REHM
Titre : Alcohol accounts for a high proportion of premature mortality in central and eastern Europe Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. REHM ; SULKOWSKA U. ; MANCZUK M. ; P. BOFFETTA ; POWLES J. ; S. POPOVA ; W. ZATONSKI Année de publication : 2007 Importance : 458-467 Note générale : International Journal of Epidemiology, 2007, 36, (2), 458-467
Commentary: "The role of alcohol in mortality differences between European countries", Int J Epidemiol 2007;36(2):468-469, Vågerö D.
Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; CAUSE DE DECES ; MORTALITE ; COMPARAISON ; SEXE
EUROPE ; EUROPE DE L'EST
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé :
BACKGROUND: There is a west-east mortality gradient in Europe, more pronounced in men. The objective of this article was to quantify the contribution of alcohol use to the gap in premature adult mortality between three old (France, Sweden and United Kingdom) and four new (Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania and Poland) European Union (EU) member states for the year 2002. Russia was added as an external comparator. METHODS: Exposure data were taken from surveys and per capita consumption records from the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Alcohol Database. Mortality data were taken from the WHO databank. The risk relationships were taken from published meta-analyses and from the WHO Comparative Risk Assessment project. Alcohol exposure and relative risk information was combined to derive alcohol-attributable fractions for relevant causes of premature mortality. RESULTS: Alcohol consumption was responsible for 14.6% of all premature adult mortality in the eight countries, 17.3% in men and 8.0% in women. This proportion was clearly higher in the new EU member states and Russia compared with the comparison countries from the old EU. For men, Russia with 29.0 alcohol-attributable premature deaths per 10,000 population had a more than 10-fold higher rate compared with Sweden (2.7 deaths/10,000). For women, the ratio between Hungary (5.0 alcohol-attributable deaths/10,000) and Russia (4.7 deaths/10,000) compared with Sweden (0.5 deaths/10,000) was almost as high, but the rates were much lower. The Czech Republic and Poland showed proportionally less alcohol-attributable premature mortality than the other new EU member states or Russia for both genders, which, however, was still higher than in any of the old EU member states. CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol is a strong contributor to the health gap between western and central and eastern Europe, with both average volume of consumption and patterns of drinking contributing to burden of disease and injury. Alcohol also contributes substantially to male-female differences in mortality and life expectancy. However, there are feasible and cost-effective measures to reduce alcohol-related burden that should be implemented in central and eastern Europe. (Author' s abstract)
Refs biblio. : 56 Affiliation : Email : firstname.lastname@example.org Canada. Canada. Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A03602 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=52759Alcohol and cause-specific mortality in Russia: a retrospective case-control study of 48,557 adult deaths / ZARIDZE D. in Lancet (The), Vol.373, n°9682 (Jun 27, 2009)
in Lancet (The) > Vol.373, n°9682 (Jun 27, 2009) . - 2201-2214
Titre : Alcohol and cause-specific mortality in Russia: a retrospective case-control study of 48,557 adult deaths Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : ZARIDZE D. ; P. BRENNAN ; J. BOREHAM ; BORODA A. ; KARPOV R. ; LAZAREV A. ; KONOBEEVSKAYA I. ; IGITOV V. ; TERECHOVA T. ; P. BOFFETTA ; R. PETO Année de publication : 2009 Article en page(s) : 2201-2214 Note générale : Lancet (The), 2009, 373, (9682), 2201-2214
Editorial: 'Alcohol and harm reduction in Russia', p.2171. Comments: 'Alcohol: a global health priority', Beaglehole R. & Bonita R., p.2173-4 ; 'Action needed to tackle a global drink problem', Gilmore I., p.2174-6 ; 'A case study in how harmful alcohol consumption can be', Rehm J. & Room R., p.2176-7.
Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; CAUSE DE DECES ; MORTALITE ; ETUDE RETROSPECTIVE ; AGE ; SEXE ; PATHOLOGIE ; INTOXICATION ; ACCIDENT ; EVOLUTION
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé :
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is an important determinant of the high and fluctuating adult mortality rates in Russia, but cause-specific detail is lacking. Our case-control study investigated the effects of alcohol consumption on male and female cause-specific mortality. METHODS: In three Russian industrial cities with typical 1990s mortality patterns (Tomsk, Barnaul, Biysk), the addresses of 60,416 residents who had died at ages 15-74 years in 1990-2001 were visited in 2001-05. Family members were present for 50,066 decedents; for 48,557 (97%), the family gave proxy information on the decedents' past alcohol use and on potentially confounding factors. Cases (n=43,082) were those certified as dying from causes we judged beforehand might be substantially affected by alcohol or tobacco; controls were the other 5475 decedents. Case versus control relative risks (RRs; calculated as odds ratios by confounder-adjusted logistic regression) were calculated in ever-drinkers, defining the reference category by two criteria: usual weekly consumption always less than 0.5 half-litre bottles of vodka (or equivalent in total alcohol content) and maximum consumption of spirits in 1 day always less than 0.5 half-litre bottles.  FINDINGS: In men, the three causes accounting for the most alcohol-associated deaths were accidents and violence (RR 5.94, 95% CI 5.35-6.59, in the highest consumption category), alcohol poisoning (21.68, 17.94-26.20), and acute ischaemic heart disease other than myocardial infarction (3.04, 2.73-3.39), which includes some misclassified alcohol poisoning. There were significant excesses of upper aerodigestive tract cancer (3.48, 2.84-4.27) and liver cancer (2.11, 1.64-2.70). Another five disease groups had RRs of more than 3.00 in the highest alcohol category: tuberculosis (4.14, 3.44-4.98), pneumonia (3.29, 2.83-3.83), liver disease (6.21, 5.16-7.47), pancreatic disease (6.69, 4.98-9.00), and ill-specified conditions (7.74, 6.48-9.25). Although drinking was less common in women, the RRs associated with it were generally more extreme. After correction for reporting errors, alcohol-associated excesses accounted for 52% of all study deaths at ages 15-54 years (men 8182 [59%] of 13968, women 1565 [33%] of 4751) and 18% of those at 55-74 years (men 3944 [22%] of 17,536, women 1493 [12%] of 12 302). Allowance for under-representation of extreme drinkers would further increase alcohol-associated proportions. Large fluctuations in mortality from these ten strongly alcohol-associated causes were the main determinants of recent fluctuations in overall mortality in the study region and in Russia as a whole. INTERPRETATION: Alcohol-attributable mortality varies by year; in several recent years, alcohol was a cause of more than half of all Russian deaths at ages 15-54 years. Alcohol accounts for most of the large fluctuations in Russian mortality, and alcohol and tobacco account for the large difference in adult mortality between Russia and western Europe. (Author' s abstract)
Refs biblio. : 34 Affiliation : Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, N N Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Centre, Moscow. Email : email@example.com Russie. Russia. Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : Abonnement Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=51532[article]Alcohol as a risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) / D. P. PHILLIPS ; K. M. BREWER ; P. WADENSWEILER in Addiction, Vol.106, n°3 (March 2011)
in Addiction > Vol.106, n°3 (March 2011) . - 516-525
Titre : Alcohol as a risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : D. P. PHILLIPS ; K. M. BREWER ; P. WADENSWEILER Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 516-525 Note générale : Commentary: "Alcohol and SIDS - a cause-effect association?", NAJMAN J.M., p. 526-527. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ALCOOL ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; ACCIDENT ; NOUVEAU NE ; ENFANT ; CAUSE DE DECES ; MORT
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : Aim To test whether alcohol is a risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
Design and setting US epidemiological study using computerized death certificates, linked birth and infant death dataset, and Fatality Analysis Reporting System.
Participants All SIDS cases (n = 129 090) and other infant deaths (n = 295 151) from 1973-2006; all persons involved in late-night alcohol-related crashes (n = 135 946) from 1994-2008.
Measurements Three measures were used: the expected number of deaths on New Year versus the observed number (expected values were determined using a locally weighted scatterplot smoothing polynomial), the average number of weekend deaths versus the average number of weekday deaths, and the SIDS death rate for children of alcohol-consuming versus non-alcohol-consuming mothers.
Findings These measures indicate that the largest spikes in alcohol consumption and in SIDS (33%) occur on New Year, alcohol consumption and SIDS increase significantly on weekends, and children of alcohol-consuming mothers are much more likely to die from SIDS than are children of non-alcohol-consuming mothers.
Conclusions Alcohol consumption appears to be a risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome, although it is unclear whether alcohol is an independent risk factor, a risk factor only in conjunction with other known risk factors (like co-sleeping), or a proxy for other risk factors associated with occasions when alcohol consumption increases (like smoking). Our findings suggest that caretakers and authorities should be informed that alcohol impairs parental capacity and might be a risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome; in addition, future research should further explore possible connections between sudden infant death syndrome and alcohol.
Refs biblio. : 41 Affiliation : Department of Sociology, University of California, San Diego, CA Department of Human Biology, University of California, San Diego, CA United States / Etats-Unis Lien : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03199.x/abstract Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=66075[article]Alcohol-attributable deaths and years of potential life lost - United States, 2001 / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), Vol.53, n°37 (September 24, 2004)
in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) > Vol.53, n°37 (September 24, 2004) . - 866-870
Titre : Alcohol-attributable deaths and years of potential life lost - United States, 2001 Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Année de publication : 2004 Article en page(s) : 866-870 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; CAUSE DE DECES ; MORTALITE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE DESCRIPTIVE ; PATHOLOGIE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : Excessive alcohol consumption is the third leading preventable cause of death in the United States and is associated with multiple adverse health consequences, including liver cirrhosis, various cancers, unintentional injuries, and violence. To analyze alcohol-related health impacts, CDC estimated the number of alcohol-attributable deaths (AADs) and years of potential life lost (YPLLs) in the United States during 2001. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicated that approximately 75,766 AADs and 2.3 million YPLLs, or approximately 30 years of life lost on average per AAD, were attributable to excessive alcohol use in 2001. These results emphasize the importance of adopting effective strategies to reduce excessive drinking, including increasing alcohol excise taxes and screening for alcohol misuse in clinical settings. Affiliation : Etats-Unis. United States. Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A02717 Lien : http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5337.pdf Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=54884[article]Alcohol-attributable mortality in France / S. GUÉRIN ; A. LAPLANCHE ; A. DUNANT ; C. HILL in European Journal of Public Health, Vol.23, n°4 (August 2013)PermalinkAlcohol-attributable mortality in Ireland / J. BARRY ; D. GOGGIN ; K. MORGAN ; M. WARD ; T. O'SUILLEABHAIN in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.45, n°4 (July-August 2010)PermalinkAlcohol-selling outlets and mortality in Switzerland - the Swiss National Cohort / A. SPOERRI ; M. ZWAHLEN ; R. PANCZAK ; M. EGGER ; A. HUSS ; Swiss National Cohort in Addiction, Vol.108, n°9 (September 2013)PermalinkAssessing gender disparities in excess mortality of heroin or cocaine users compared to the general population / M. T. BRUGAL ; G. MOLIST ; A. SARASA-RENEDO ; L. DE LA FUENTE ; A. ESPELT ; B. MESIAS ; C. PUERTA ; A. M. GUITART ; G. BARRIO in International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol.38 (December 2016)PermalinkAssociation between alcohol and substance use disorders and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and unipolar depression: a nationwide, prospective, register-based study / C. HJORTHOJ ; M. L. D. OSTERGAARD ; M. E. BENROS ; N. G. TOFTDAHL ; A. ERLANGSEN ; J. T. ANDERSEN ; M. NORDENTOFT in Lancet Psychiatry (The), Vol.2, n°9 (September 2015)PermalinkAssociation between routes of drug administration and all-cause mortality among drug users / I. N. ONYEKA ; S. BASNETL ; C. M. BEYNON ; J. TIIHONEN ; J. FOHR ; J. KAUHANENL in Journal of Substance Use, Vol.21, n°6 (December 2016)PermalinkAttributable causes of cancer in France in the year 2000 / IARC / CIRCPermalinkBreaking the news or fueling the epidemic? Temporal association between news media report volume and opioid-related mortality / N. DASGUPTA ; K. D. MANDL ; J. S. BROWNSTEINPermalinkCaractéristiques sociales et comportementales des personnes séropositives pour le VIH décédées en 2010 en France métropolitaine : quelles implications pour la prise en charge ? / F. LERT ; A. PAYE ; T. MAY ; L. TRON ; D. SALMON ; C. ROUSSILLON ; G. CHENE ; P. MORLAT in Bulletin Epidémiologique Hebdomadaire, n°41-42 (29 novembre 2016)PermalinkCause of death and drug use pattern in deceased drug addicts in Sweden, 2002-2003 / A. K. JONSSONPermalink