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T'2002. Proceedings of the 16th international conference on alcohol, drugs and traffic safety / MAYHEW D. R.Adolescent gambling and problem gambling: a New Zealand study / D. CLARKE ; F. ROSSEN in New Zealand Journal of Psychology, Vol.29, n°1 (June 2000)
in New Zealand Journal of Psychology > Vol.29, n°1 (June 2000) . - 10-16
Titre : Adolescent gambling and problem gambling: a New Zealand study Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : D. CLARKE ; F. ROSSEN Année de publication : 2000 Article en page(s) : 10-16 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ADOLESCENT ; ETUDE RETROSPECTIVE ; JEU D'ARGENT ET DE HASARD ; JEU PATHOLOGIQUE ; ADULTE JEUNE ; PREVALENCE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Addictions sans produit / Addictions without drug Résumé : The prevalence of gambling and problem gambling among adolescents in New Zealand has not been adequately investigated. Prospective studies of current underage gambling may be unreliable, because respondents may fear self-incrimination. In this retrospective study, a non-representative sample of 68 first year psychology students, between the ages of 15 and 24 years, completed a questionnaire which asked them to recall their gambling activities before the age of 20 years, and which included the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS). In adolescence, the entire sample had gambled for money at least once, and 18% regularly. Participants who played housie (bingo), gambled in casinos, or bought Lotto tickets, had the highest spending rates. 13% of the sample was classified as problem gamblers and 5% probable pathological gamblers in adolescence. Activities associated with pathological gambling included scratch tickets, gaming machines and housie. Regular gambling significantly predicted problem gambling scores. The results were compared with findings from a national sample and adolescent samples overseas. Affiliation : Massey University, New Zealand Lien : http://www.psychology.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/NZJP-Vol291-2000-2-Clarke.pdf Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=67427[article]Affordability of alcohol as a key driver of alcohol demand in New Zealand: a co-integration analysis / M. WALL ; S. CASSWELL in Addiction, Vol.108, n°1 (January 2013)
in Addiction > Vol.108, n°1 (January 2013) . - 72-79
Titre : Affordability of alcohol as a key driver of alcohol demand in New Zealand: a co-integration analysis Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : M. WALL ; S. CASSWELL Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 72-79 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ALCOOL ; DEMANDE ; PRIX ; ELASTICITE ; BOISSON ALCOOLISEE ; ECONOMETRIE ; CONSOMMATION ; EVOLUTION
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : Aims: To investigate whether affordability of alcohol is an important determinant of alcohol consumption along with price. This will inform effective tax policy to influence consumption.
Design: Co-integration analysis was used to analyse relationship between real price, affordability and consumption. Changes in retail availability of wine in 1990 and beer in 1999 were also included in the models. The econometric approach taken allows identification of short- and long-term responses. Separate analyses were performed for wine, beer, spirits and ready-to-drinks (spirits based pre-mixed drinks).
Setting: New Zealand 1988-2011.
Measurements: Quarterly data on price and alcohol available for consumption for wine, beer, spirits and ready-to-drinks. Price data were analysed as: real price (own price of alcohol relative to the price of other goods) and affordability (average earnings relative to own price). Findings There was strong evidence for co-integration between wine and beer consumption and affordability. There was weaker evidence for co-integration between consumption and real price.
Conclusions: The affordability of alcohol is more important than real price in determining consumption of alcohol. This suggests that affordability needs to be considered by policy makers when determining tax and pricing policies to reduce alcohol-related harm.
Changes in price of alcohol relative to income are more important in determining population levels of alcohol consumption than price relative to other goods and service.
Refs biblio. : 31 Affiliation : SHORE (Social and Health Outcomes Research and Evaluation), SHORE and Whariki Research Centre, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand Cote : Abonnement Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=71271[article]Alcohol control policies and alcohol consumption by youth: a multi-national study / M. J. PASCHALL ; J. W. GRUBE ; K. KYPRI in Addiction, Vol.104, n°11 (November 2009)
in Addiction > Vol.104, n°11 (November 2009) . - 1849-1855
Titre : Alcohol control policies and alcohol consumption by youth: a multi-national study Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : M. J. PASCHALL ; J. W. GRUBE ; K. KYPRI Année de publication : 2009 Article en page(s) : 1849-1855 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ESPAD ; ALCOOL ; POLITIQUE ; ADOLESCENT ; CONSOMMATION ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; PUBLICITE ; PREVALENCE
EUROPE ; INTERNATIONAL ; CANADA ; AUSTRALIE ; NOUVELLE ZELANDE ; ETATS-UNIS
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : AIMS: The study examined relationships between alcohol control policies and adolescent alcohol use in 26 countries.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses of alcohol policy ratings based on the Alcohol Policy Index (API), per capita consumption and national adolescent survey data.
SETTING: Data are from 26 countries.
PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents (aged 15-17 years) who participated in the 2003 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) or national secondary school surveys in Spain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the United States.
MEASUREMENTS: Alcohol control policy ratings based on the API; prevalence of alcohol use, heavy drinking and first drink by age 13 based on national secondary school surveys; per capita alcohol consumption for each country in 2003.
ANALYSIS: Correlational and linear regression analyses were conducted to examine relationships between alcohol control policy ratings and past 30-day prevalence of adolescent alcohol use, heavy drinking and having first drink by age 13. Per capita consumption of alcohol was included as a covariate in regression analyses.
FINDINGS: More comprehensive API ratings and alcohol availability and advertising control ratings were related inversely to the past 30-day prevalence of alcohol use and prevalence rates for drinking three to five times and six or more times in the past 30 days. Alcohol advertising control was also related inversely to the prevalence of past 30-day heavy drinking and having first drink by age 13. Most of the relationships between API, alcohol availability and advertising control and drinking prevalence rates were attenuated and no longer statistically significant when controlling for per capita consumption in regression analyses, suggesting that alcohol use in the general population may confound or mediate observed relationships between alcohol control policies and youth alcohol consumption. Several of the inverse relationships remained statistically significant when controlling for per capita consumption.
CONCLUSIONS: More comprehensive and stringent alcohol control policies, particularly policies affecting alcohol availability and marketing, are associated with lower prevalence and frequency of adolescent alcohol consumption and age of first alcohol use.
Refs biblio. : 16 Affiliation : Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA Cote : Abonnement Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=72250[article]Alcohol, drugs and tobacco programme. World Health Organization Phase III Collaborative study on implementing and supporting intervention strategies in primary health care. Report on strand I: general practitioners' current practices and perceptions of preventive medicine and intervention for hazardous alcohol use. A 16-country study / J. SAUNDERS
Titre : Alcohol, drugs and tobacco programme. World Health Organization Phase III Collaborative study on implementing and supporting intervention strategies in primary health care. Report on strand I: general practitioners' current practices and perceptions of preventive medicine and intervention for hazardous alcohol use. A 16-country study Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : J. SAUNDERS ; WUTZKE S. Année de publication : 1998 Editeur : Copenhague : OMS Bureau régional pour l'Europe Importance : 230 p. Note générale : Copenhagen, OMS, WHO, 1998, 230 p. Langues : Français Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
PROGRAMME ; ALCOOL ; TABAC ; INTERVENTION ; PRISE EN CHARGE ; MEDECIN GENERALISTE ; PREVENTION ; ABUS ; QUESTIONNAIRE ; PSYCHOTROPES
AUSTRALIE ; NOUVELLE ZELANDE ; ROYAUME-UNI ; FRANCE ; BELGIQUE ; BULGARIE ; CANADA ; DANEMARK ; HONGRIE ; ITALIE ; NORVEGE ; POLOGNE ; PORTUGAL ; RUSSIE
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Résumé :
In recent years there has been increasing emphasis on the role of general practitioners in the detection and management of hazardous and harmful alcohol consumption, which is a common problem among patients attending primary health care services. Community surveys indicate that general practitioners (GPs) are the preferred source of information and advice on alcohol. In spite of these developments, little attention has been directed towards establishing what GPs should be able to accomplish in preventing and managing alcohol-related problems. The primary objective of the current study was to document general medical practitioners' beliefs, attitudes and practices regarding intervention, preventive medicine and treatment of established alcohol dependence. In addition, their perceptions of their role in providing these interventions, the barriers to doing so, and perceived incentives, were examined. A total of 14 countries participated in the main study. They included Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Denmark, France, Hungary, Italy, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Russian Federation and the United Kingdom. (Editor' s abstract)
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