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T'2002. Proceedings of the 16th international conference on alcohol, drugs and traffic safety / MAYHEW D. R.Access to alcohol outlets and harmful alcohol consumption: a multi-level study in Melbourne, Australia / A. M. KAVANAGH ; M. T. KELLY ; L. KRNJACKI ; L. THORNTON ; D. JOLLEY ; S. V. SUBRAMANIAN ; G. TURRELL ; R. J. BENTLEY in Addiction, Vol.106, n°10 (October 2011)
in Addiction > Vol.106, n°10 (October 2011)
Titre : Access to alcohol outlets and harmful alcohol consumption: a multi-level study in Melbourne, Australia Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : A. M. KAVANAGH ; M. T. KELLY ; L. KRNJACKI ; L. THORNTON ; D. JOLLEY ; S. V. SUBRAMANIAN ; G. TURRELL ; R. J. BENTLEY Année de publication : 2011 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ALCOOL ; DEBIT DE BOISSONS ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; ABUS ; PROFIL SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIQUE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : AIMS: To assess the association between access to off-premises alcohol outlets and harmful alcohol consumption.
DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Multi-level study of 2334 adults aged 18-75 years from 49 census collector districts (the smallest spatial unit in Australia at the time of survey) in metropolitan Melbourne.
MEASUREMENTS: Alcohol outlet density was defined as the number of outlets within a 1-km road network of respondents' homes and proximity was the shortest road network distance to the closest outlet from their home. Using multi-level logistic regression we estimated the association between outlet density and proximity and four measures of harmful alcohol consumption: drinking at levels associated with short-term harm at least weekly and monthly; drinking at levels associated with long-term harm and frequency of consumption.
FINDINGS: Density of alcohol outlets was associated with increased risk of drinking alcohol at levels associated with harm. The strongest association was for short-term harm at least weekly [odds ratio (OR) 1.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-1.16]. When density was fitted as a categorical variable, the highest risk of drinking at levels associated with short-term harm was when there were eight or more outlets (short-term harm weekly: OR 2.36, 95% CI 1.22-4.54 and short-term harm monthly: OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.07-3.04). We found no evidence to support an association between proximity and harmful alcohol consumption.
CONCLUSIONS: The number of off-premises alcohol outlets in a locality is associated with the level of harmful alcohol consumption in that area. Reducing the number of off-premises alcohol outlets could reduce levels of harmful alcohol consumption.
Affiliation : The Centre for Women's Health Gender and Society, School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Cote : Abonnement Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=71072[article]Accidental drug toxicity associated with methadone maintenance treatement / R. L. ALI ; A. J. QUIGLEY
Titre : Accidental drug toxicity associated with methadone maintenance treatement Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. L. ALI ; A. J. QUIGLEY Année de publication : 1999 Importance : 100-101 Note générale : Medical Journal of Australia, 1999, 170, (3), 100-101 Langues : Français Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
METHADONE ; TOXICITE ; POLYCONSOMMATION ; TRAITEMENT DE MAINTENANCE ; ADDICTION ; MORTALITE ; SURDOSE
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Domaine : Autres substances addictives / Other substances Refs biblio. : 7 Affiliation : Australie. Australia. Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A00929 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=59183Accidental fatalities among heroin users in South Australia, 1994-1997 : toxicological findings and circumstances of death / MC GREGOR C.
Titre : Accidental fatalities among heroin users in South Australia, 1994-1997 : toxicological findings and circumstances of death Titre traduit : (Overdoses mortelles chez des usagers d'héroïne en Australie, 1994-1997 : Résultats toxicologiques et circonstances de la mort) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : MC GREGOR C. ; R. ALI ; LOKAN R. ; P. CHRISTIE ; S. DARKE Année de publication : 2002 Importance : 335-346 Présentation : Tab. Note générale : Addiction Research, 2002, 10, (4), 335-346 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
SURDOSE ; MORTALITE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; ALCOOL ; BENZODIAZEPINES ; MESURES QUANTITATIVES
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé :
A total of 101 accidental deaths were identified among heroin users in South Australia for the period l994-1997. Mean age at death was 29.9 years. Cases typically involved a single, unemployed, Caucasian male in his late twenties with a history of heroin and other drug use. Two or more drug types were detected in 80% of cases. The total number of substance types identified increased significantly with age. In comparison to younger fatalities, alcohol and benzodiazepines were identified in more of those 27 years of age and over. Thirteen deaths occurred within four weeks of release from prison and in nine cases tricyclic anti-depressants were Found. The majority of deaths occurred in a private home and in the presence (or near proximity) of others. Identified risk factors included: being male; being a long-term heroin user; recent release from prison; use of tricyclic antidepressants and/or other central nervous system depressants. (Author's abstract)
Note de contenu : Tab. Refs biblio. : 16 Affiliation : ALI R., Drug Alcohol Services Council, 161 Greenhill Rd, Parkside, South Australia 5063 Australia Australie. Australia. Numéro Toxibase : 901265 Centre Emetteur : 09 AMPT Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=21785Accuracy of self-reported drinking: observational verification of 'last occasion' drink estimates of young adults / J. NORTHCOTE ; M. LIVINGSTON in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.46, n°6 (November-December 2011)
in Alcohol and Alcoholism > Vol.46, n°6 (November-December 2011) . - 709-713
Titre : Accuracy of self-reported drinking: observational verification of 'last occasion' drink estimates of young adults Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. NORTHCOTE ; M. LIVINGSTON Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 709-713 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
AUTOEVALUATION ; FIABILITE ; ALCOOL ; CONSOMMATION ; ADULTE JEUNE ; METHODE ; ENQUETE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : AIMS: As a formative step towards determining the accuracy of self-reported drinking levels commonly used for estimating population alcohol use, the validity of a 'last occasion' self-reporting approach is tested with corresponding field observations of participants' drinking quantity. This study is the first known attempt to validate the accuracy of self-reported alcohol consumption using data from a natural setting.
METHODS: A total of 81 young adults (aged 18-25 years) were purposively selected in Perth, Western Australia. Participants were asked to report the number of alcoholic drinks consumed at nightlife venues 1-2 days after being observed by peer-based researchers on 239 occasions. Complete observation data and self-report estimates were available for 129 sessions, which were fitted with multi-level models assessing the relationship between observed and reported consumption.
RESULTS: Participants accurately estimated their consumption when engaging in light to moderate drinking (eight or fewer drinks in a single session), with no significant difference between the mean reported consumption and the mean observed consumption. In contrast, participants underestimated their own consumption by increasing amounts when engaging in heavy drinking of more than eight drinks.
CONCLUSION: It is suggested that recent recall methods in self-report surveys are potentially reasonably accurate measures of actual drinking levels for light to moderate drinkers, but that underestimating of alcohol consumption increases with heavy consumption. Some of the possible reasons for underestimation of heavy drinking are discussed, with both cognitive and socio-cultural factors considered.
Affiliation : School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Faculty of Arts, Education and Creative Media, Murdoch University, South Street, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=68102[article]Acquiring hepatitis C in prison: the social organisation of injecting risk / C. TRELOAR ; L. MCCREDIE ; A. R. LLOYD in Harm Reduction Journal, Vol.12, n°10 (2015)PermalinkAddicted to the needle: the relationship between needle fixation and impulsivity / S. L. HINTON ; T. D. SIGNAL ; V. C. GHEA in Journal of Substance Use, Vol.18, n°1 (February 2013)PermalinkAddicting via hashtags: How is Twitter making addiction? / R. DWYER ; S. FRASER in Contemporary Drug Problems, Vol.43, n°1 (March 2016)PermalinkAddiction. Evolution of a specialist field / G. EDWARDSPermalinkAddictions / M. TEESSONPermalinkAddictions and social compassion / G. H. MOONEYPermalinkAdolescent and young adult perceptions of Australian alcohol advertisements / S. C. JONES in Journal of Substance Use, Vol.14 n°6 (2009)PermalinkAdolescent emergency department presentations with alcohol- or other drug-related problems in Perth, Western Australia / G. K. HULSEPermalinkAdolescents in transition: the role of workplace alcohol and other drug policies as a prevention strategy / K. PIDDPermalinkAdolescents' perceptions of cigarette brand image: does plain packaging make a difference? / D. GERMAIN ; M. A. WAKEFIELD ; S. J. DURKIN in Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol.46, n°4 (April 2010)Permalink