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Youth caught in violation of tobacco purchase, use, and possession laws: education versus fines / L. A. JASON ; S. B. POKORNY ; M. ADAMS ; Y. HUNT ; P. GADIRAJU ; T. MORELLO ; M. SCHOENY ; C. DINWIDDIE in Behavior Modification, Vol.31, n°6 (November 2007)
in Behavior Modification > Vol.31, n°6 (November 2007) . - 713-731
Titre : Youth caught in violation of tobacco purchase, use, and possession laws: education versus fines Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : L. A. JASON ; S. B. POKORNY ; M. ADAMS ; Y. HUNT ; P. GADIRAJU ; T. MORELLO ; M. SCHOENY ; C. DINWIDDIE Année de publication : 2007 Article en page(s) : 713-731 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
TABAC ; ADOLESCENT ; MINEUR ; ACHAT ; LEGISLATION ; DELIT ; EDUCATION ; REPRESSION ; EVALUATION ; VENTE ; PROGRAMME ; EFFICACITE
Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Résumé : Each day, thousands of children are caught for violation of tobacco purchase, use, and possession (PUP) laws. Little is known about their impact on violators; we do not know how the youth who are caught perceive these consequences or the effects they have on their tobacco use. Moreover, many communities are beginning to use brief tobacco education programs as a diversion from the normal processing of PUP law violators (i.e., fining the youth violator) without knowing the consequences of these classes. Consequently, it is important to review the literature and studies that have evaluated the effects of civic fines versus tobacco education as a consequence for PUP law violations. A consolidation of this information along with a presentation of pilot data on this issue might suggest areas of needed future research as well as help policy officials make decisions about best practices in their communities regarding these types of laws. Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Affiliation : DePaul University, Chicago, USA Cote : A01688 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=70371[article]Youth drinking rates and problems: a comparaison of European Countries and the United States / J. GRUBE
Titre : Youth drinking rates and problems: a comparaison of European Countries and the United States : Updated for 2003 Espad and 2003 MTF surveys Titre traduit : (Taux et problèmes de consommation d'alcool chez les jeunes : une comparaison entre les pays européens et les Etats-Unis) Type de document : Document texte divers Auteurs : J. GRUBE ; Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation Année de publication : 2005 Editeur : Washington, DC : Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) Importance : 6 p. Note générale : Calverton, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), 2005, 6 p. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; CONSOMMATION ; ENQUETE ; COMPARAISON
EUROPE ; ETATS-UNIS
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
La perception que les Européens ont acquis plus d'expérience en alcoologie est utilisée pour détracter la politique Américaine, notamment les lois d'âges minimum de consommation et l'absence de programme pour enseigner une consommation responsable chez les jeunes. L'étude analyse à partir de la comparaison de deux grandes enquêtes: European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) 2003 et Monitoring the Future Survey (MTF) 2003, la consommation responsable d'alcool chez jeunes Européens et des jeunes Américains. L'étude conclut que les jeunes Européens ne boivent pas l'alcool de manière plus responsable que les jeunes Américains.
This report addresses the question of whether young people in Europe actually drink more responsibly than those in the United States. Recent data from representative surveys provide no evidence that young Europeans drink more responsibly than their counterparts in the United States. (From the review' s abstract)
Sous-type de document : Fiche synthétique / Factsheet Refs biblio. : 16 Affiliation : Etats-Unis. United States. Numéro Toxibase : 1800340 Centre Emetteur : 18 CIRDD-Ile-de-France Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=15950Youth, drugs, and nightlife / G. HUNT ; M. MOLONEY ; K. EVANS
Titre : Youth, drugs, and nightlife Type de document : Livre Auteurs : G. HUNT ; M. MOLONEY ; K. EVANS Année de publication : 2010 Editeur : London : Routledge Collection : Leisure and cultural studies Importance : 274 p. Présentation : index ISBN/ISSN/EAN : 978-0-415-37473-6 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
MUSIQUE ; CULTUREL ; SOCIOLOGIE ; ANTHROPOLOGIE ; MILIEU FESTIF ; ENTRETIEN ; ETUDE QUALITATIVE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE ; ECSTASY ; PLAISIR ; ETHNIE ; SEXE ; ALCOOL ; POLYCONSOMMATION ; PRODUIT ILLICITE
Discipline : SHS Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Résumé : ENGLISH:
Drugs and music have long been tied together. From marijuana and jazz, and amphetamines and punk, drugs and popular music have been inextricably joined. Today the music is electronic and ecstasy and party drugs are the drugs of choice. Raves and clubs are often treated by public health experts as merely conduits for drugs, and youth drug use is presented as an unalloyed danger. Within cultural studies, raves and dance scenes are often celebrated as liberating or transgressive, but the issue of drug use within these scenes is often ignored or brushed aside. In "Youth, Drugs, and Nightlife", anthropologist and sociologists Hunt, Moloney, and Evans, go beyond these limits and explore the attraction of the scene and the drugs to young people today. Using information from over 300 in-depth interviews with ravers, DJ's, and promoters, the authors examine the interplay between dance scenes, party drugs, and these young people's identities - focusing on issues of Asian American ethnic identity, gender, and sexuality. In contrast to the often stereotypical view of young drug users as naive and poorly informed, the authors explore the sources of information used by ravers, the precautions they take before and after using, and the controls they impose on one another's use. They examine the central role that the pursuit of pleasure (generally ignored within drug literatures) plays in the practice and meanings of party drug use. We learn about these young people's frustrations with legislation controlling raves and clubs, and their general skepticism about official pronouncements on the dangers of ecstasy and other drugs. The book examines youth, drugs, and nightlife, in terms of local nighttime economies, but also places these happenings in the broader contexts of national legislation and the globalization of culture and technology.
Note de contenu : CONTENTS:
Part 1: Theory and methods for studying youth: 1. Epidemiology meets cultural studies: studying and understanding youth cultures, clubs, and drugs; 2. Clubbers, candy kids and jaded ravers: introducing the scene, the participants, and the drugs.
Part 2: The global the national and the local: 3. Clubbing, drugs, and the dance scene in a global perspective; 4. Youth, US drug policy, and social control of the dance scene; 5. Uncovering the local: San Francisco's nighttime economy.
Part 3: Drug pleasures, risks and combinations: 6. "The great unmentionable": exploring the pleasures and benefits of ecstasy; 7. Drug use and the meaning of risk; 8. Combining different substances in the dance scene: enhancing pleasure, managing risk, and timing effects.
Part 4: Gender, social context, and ethnicity: 9. Drugs, gender, sexuality, and accountability in the world of raves; 10. Alcohol, gender, and social context; 11. Asian American youth: consumption, identity, and drugs in the dance scene.
Refs biblio. : 24 p. Cote : L01295 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=63222Youth risk behavior surveillance. United States, 2001 / J. A. GRUNBAUM in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), Vol.51, Suppl.4 (June 28, 2002)
in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) > Vol.51, Suppl.4 (June 28, 2002) . - 52 p.
Titre : Youth risk behavior surveillance. United States, 2001 Titre traduit : (Surveillance des comportements à risque des jeunes. Etats Unis, 2001) Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : J. A. GRUNBAUM ; L. KANN ; S. A. KINCHEN ; B. WILLIAMS ; J. G. ROSS ; R. LOWRY ; L. KOLBE Année de publication : 2002 Collection : Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Article en page(s) : 52 p. Présentation : tabl. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
JEUNE ; ENSEIGNEMENT SECONDAIRE ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; CONDUITE A RISQUE ; SURVEILLANCE EPIDEMIOLOGIQUE ; MORTALITE ; MORBIDITE ; CONSOMMATION ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; PRODUIT LICITE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE DESCRIPTIVE
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
L'étude date du 28 juin 2002 et porte sur la période de février à décembre 2001. Elle recense les 6 principaux comportements à risque des jeunes qui entraînent une mortalité et une morbidité : blessures et violences, consommation de tabac, usage d'alcool ou autre drogue, rapports sexuels non protégés, comportements alimentaires inadéquats et absence d'activité sportive.
Problem/Condition: Priority health-risk behaviors, which contribute to the leading causes of mortality and morbidity among youth and adults, often are established during youth, extend into adulthood, are interrelated, and are preventable.
Reporting Period Covered: This report covers data during February-December 2001.
Description of System: The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six categories of priority health-risk behaviors among youth and young adults; these behaviors contribute to unintentional injuries and violence; tobacco use; alcohol and other drug use; sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; unhealthy dietary behaviors; and physical inactivity. The YRBSS includes a national school-based survey conducted by CDC as well as state, territorial, and local school-based surveys conducted by education and health agencies. This report summarizes results from the national survey, 34 state surveys, and 18 local surveys conducted among students in grades 9-12 during February-December 2001.
Results: In the United States, approximately three fourths of all deaths among persons aged 10-24 years result from only four causes: motor-vehicle crashes, other unintentional injuries, homicide, and suicide. Results from the 2001 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey demonstrated that numerous high school students engage in behaviors that increase their likelihood of death from these four causes: 14.1% had rarely or never worn a seat belt during the 30 days preceding the survey; 30.7% had ridden with a driver who had been drinking alcohol; 17.4% had carried a weapon during the 30 days preceding the survey; 47.1% had drunk alcohol during the 30 days preceding the survey; 23.9% had used marijuana during the 30 days preceding the survey; and 8.8% had attempted suicide during the 12 months preceding the survey. Substantial morbidity and social problems among young persons also result from unintended pregnancies and STDs, including HIV infection. In 2001, 45.6% of high school students had ever had sexual intercourse; 42.1% of sexually active students had not used a condom at last sexual intercourse; and 2.3% had ever injected an illegal drug. Two thirds of all deaths among persons aged >25 years result from only two causes: cardiovascular disease and cancer. The majority of risk behaviors associated with these two causes of death are initiated during adolescence. In 2001, 28.5% of high school students had smoked cigarettes during the 30 days preceding the survey; 78.6% had not eaten >5 servings per day of fruits and vegetables during the 7 days preceding the survey; 10.5% were overweight; and 67.8% did not attend physical education class daily.
Public Health Actions: Health and education officials at national, state, and local levels are using these YRBSS data to analyze and improve policies and programs to reduce priority health-risk behaviors among youth. The YRBSS data also are being used to measure progress toward achieving 16 national health objectives for 2010 and 3 of the 10 leading health indicators.
Sous-type de document : Etude de synthèse / Synthetic study Refs biblio. : 12 Affiliation : Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, USA Numéro Toxibase : 505517 Centre Emetteur : 05 Marmottan Lien : http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5104a1.htm Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=23191[article]Youth risk behavior surveillance - United States, 2013 / L. KANN ; S. A. KINCHEN ; S. L. SHANKLIN ; K. H. FLINT ; J. HAWKINS ; W. A. HARRIS ; R. LOWRY ; E. O'MALLEY OLSEN ; T. McMANUS ; D. CHYEN ; L. WHITTLE ; E. TAYLOR ; Z. DEMISSIE ; N. D. BRENER ; J. THORNTON ; J. MOORE ; S. ZAZA in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), Vol.63, n°4 (June 13, 2014)
in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) > Vol.63, n°4 (June 13, 2014) . - 172 p.
Titre : Youth risk behavior surveillance - United States, 2013 Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : L. KANN ; S. A. KINCHEN ; S. L. SHANKLIN ; K. H. FLINT ; J. HAWKINS ; W. A. HARRIS ; R. LOWRY ; E. O'MALLEY OLSEN ; T. McMANUS ; D. CHYEN ; L. WHITTLE ; E. TAYLOR ; Z. DEMISSIE ; N. D. BRENER ; J. THORNTON ; J. MOORE ; S. ZAZA Année de publication : 2014 Article en page(s) : 172 p. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
SURVEILLANCE EPIDEMIOLOGIQUE ; JEUNE ; ADULTE JEUNE ; CONDUITE A RISQUE ; TABAC ; ALCOOL ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; PREVALENCE ; CONDUITE DE VEHICULE ; VIOLENCE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco Résumé : Problem: Priority health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults. Population-based data on these behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth nationwide.
Reporting Period Covered: September 2012-December 2013.
Description of the System: The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six categories of priority health-risk behaviors among youth and young adults: 1) behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence; 2) tobacco use; 3) alcohol and other drug use; 4) sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; 5) unhealthy dietary behaviors; and 6) physical inactivity. In addition, YRBSS monitors the prevalence of obesity and asthma. YRBSS includes a national school-based Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) conducted by CDC and state and large urban school district school-based YRBSs conducted by state and local education and health agencies. This report summarizes results for 104 health-risk behaviors plus obesity, overweight, and asthma from the 2013 national survey, 42 state surveys, and 21 large urban school district surveys conducted among students in grades 9-12.
Results: Results from the 2013 national YRBS indicated that many high school students are engaged in priority health-risk behaviors associated with the leading causes of death among persons aged 10-24 years in the United States. During the 30 days before the survey, 41.4% of high school students nationwide among the 64.7% who drove a car or other vehicle during the 30 days before the survey had texted or e-mailed while driving, 34.9% had drunk alcohol, and 23.4% had used marijuana. During the 12 months before the survey, 14.8% had been electronically bullied, 19.6% had been bullied on school property, and 8.0% had attempted suicide. Many high school students nationwide are engaged in sexual risk behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancies and STIs, including HIV infection. Nearly half (46.8%) of students had ever had sexual intercourse, 34.0% had had sexual intercourse during the 3 months before the survey (i.e., currently sexually active), and 15.0% had had sexual intercourse with four or more persons during their life. Among currently sexually active students, 59.1% had used a condom during their last sexual intercourse. Results from the 2013 national YRBS also indicate many high school students are engaged in behaviors associated with chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes. During the 30 days before the survey, 15.7% of high school students had smoked cigarettes and 8.8% had used smokeless tobacco. During the 7 days before the survey, 5.0% of high school students had not eaten fruit or drunk 100% fruit juices and 6.6% had not eaten vegetables. More than one-third (41.3%) had played video or computer games or used a computer for something that was not school work for 3 or more hours per day on an average school day.
Interpretation: Many high school students engage in behaviors that place them at risk for the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of most health-risk behaviors varies by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade and across states and large urban school districts. Long term temporal changes also have occurred. Since the earliest year of data collection, the prevalence of most health-risk behaviors has decreased (e.g., physical fighting, current cigarette use, and current sexual activity), but the prevalence of other health-risk behaviors has not changed (e.g., suicide attempts treated by a doctor or nurse, having ever used marijuana, and having drunk alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourse) or has increased (e.g., having not gone to school because of safety concern and obesity and overweight).
Affiliation : Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC ; ICF International, Rockville, Maryland ; Westat, Rockville, Maryland, USA Lien : http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/ss/ss6304.pdf Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=74587[article]Youth smoking risk and community patterns of alcohol availability and control: a national multilevel study / E. WEITZMAN in Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol.59 n°12 (2005)PermalinkYouth supplying tobacco to other minors: Evaluating individual and town-level correlates / S. B. POKORNY ; L. A. JASON ; M. E. SCHOENY in Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol.35, n°5 (October 2006)PermalinkYouth tobacco access and possession policy interventions: effects on observed and perceived tobacco use / L. A. JASON ; S. B. POKORNY ; M. ADAMS ; A. TOPLIFF ; C. HARRIS ; Y. HUNT in American Journal on Addictions, Vol.18, n°5 (September-October 2009)PermalinkYouth tobacco prevention mass media campaigns: past, present, and future directions / M. C. FARRELLY ; J. NIEDERDEPPE ; J. Y. YARSEVICH in Tobacco Control, Vol.12, Suppl.1 (June 2003)PermalinkZero tolerance: misreading results / T. WENDELPermalinkZero tolerance policing of illegal drug markets / DIXON D.Permalink"Zombie" outbreak caused by the synthetic cannabinoid AMB-FUBINACA in New York / A. J. ADAMS ; S. D. BANISTER ; L. IRIZARRY ; J. TRECKI ; M. SCHWARTZ ; R. GERONA in New England Journal of Medicine, Vol.376, n°3 (January 19, 2017)PermalinkZoning out crime and improving community health in Sarasota, Florida: "Crime prevention through environmental design" / S. P. CARTER in American Journal of Public Health, Vol.93 n°9 (2003)Permalink