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Workplace substance-use norms as predictors of employee substance use and impairment: a survey of U.S. workers / M. R. FRONE ; A. L. BROWN in Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol.71, n°4 (July 2010)
in Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs > Vol.71, n°4 (July 2010) . - 526-534
Titre : Workplace substance-use norms as predictors of employee substance use and impairment: a survey of U.S. workers Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : M. R. FRONE ; A. L. BROWN Année de publication : 2010 Article en page(s) : 526-534 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ENQUETE ; MILIEU PROFESSIONNEL ; NORME ; ALCOOL ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; FACTEUR PREDICTIF
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Résumé : OBJECTIVE: Although much research has explored the relation of substance-use norms to substance use among college students, much less research has focused on employed adults and the workplace as a social context for social norms regarding substance use. This study explored the relation of descriptive and injunctive workplace substance-use norms regarding alcohol and illicit drug use to employee substance use. Both alcohol use and illicit drug use were explored, as well as overall and context-specific use and impairment. METHOD: Data were collected from a national probability sample of 2,430 employed adults (55% female) using a random-digit-dial telephone survey. Overall employee alcohol and illicit drug use were assessed, as well as use before work, use and impairment during the workday, and use after work. RESULTS: After controlling for a number of potential covariates, injunctive norms regarding workplace alcohol and illicit drug use predicted substance use and impairment overall and across all contexts of use. Descriptive norms predicted alcohol and illicit drug use before and during work, as well as workplace impairment. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that both workplace injunctive and descriptive norms are important predictors of substance use in the U.S. workforce. There were two general patterns, however, that were consistent across both alcohol and illicit drug use. Social norms marketing campaigns, therefore, may be a useful way for employers to target employee substance use. The present results also helped to integrate the results of several prior studies that employed narrower samples and measures. [Author's abstract] Affiliation : Research Institute on Addictions, State University of New York at Buffalo, 1021 Main Street, Buffalo, New York 14203, United States / Etats-Unis. Email : firstname.lastname@example.org Lien : http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Workplace_SubstanceUse_Norms_as_Predictors_of_E [...] Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=64131[article]World Wide Weed. Global trends in cannabis cultivation and its control / T. DECORTE ; G. R. POTTER ; M. BOUCHARD
Titre : World Wide Weed. Global trends in cannabis cultivation and its control Type de document : Livre Auteurs : T. DECORTE, Editeur scientifique ; G. R. POTTER, Editeur scientifique ; M. BOUCHARD, Editeur scientifique ; P. REUTER, Préfacier, etc. Année de publication : 2011 Editeur : Farnham : Ashgate Publishing Ltd Importance : 293 p. Présentation : index, graph., tabl. ISBN/ISSN/EAN : 978-1-4094-1780-4 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
INTERNATIONAL ; MAROC ; CARAIBES ; DANEMARK ; ETATS-UNIS ; ESPAGNE ; PAYS-BAS ; NOUVELLE ZELANDE
CANNABIS ; PRODUCTION ; USAGE THERAPEUTIQUE ; CULTURE PRIVEE ; TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL ; CRIMINALITE ; COFFEE SHOP ; SAISIE ; CULTURE ILLICITE ; LEGISLATION ; MONDIALISATION
Discipline : MAR Marché de la drogue / Drug market Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : For the majority of its history, the cultivation of cannabis did not stand out, at least compared to the cultivation of other illegal plants. Cannabis plantations, like coca bush or opium poppy plantations, were typically large in size, grown by local farmers in a handful of developing (producing) countries, processed and then exported to industrial (consuming) nations. While cocaine and heroin are still produced in a handful of developing countries, cannabis cultivation is increasingly universal. From Europe to the Americas and Oceania, import substitution in cannabis markets has been noticed in almost every developed country around the world, with a notable aversion for discrimination. Geographical, technological, cultural and economic factors help to explain why (indoor and outdoor) domestic cultivation is well established, and why the nature and extent of cultivation varies so dramatically across the western, developed nations.
As we start the second decade of the 21st century, the new cannabis industry continues to fascinate both casual and academic observers of the drug scene. Researchers around the world have become increasingly interested in the phenomenon, aiming to describe, and potentially explain, the rapid switch from importation to domestic production in their own countries.
In bringing together some of the world's leading experts on cannabis cultivation this book contains sixteen chapters that take an interdisciplinary look at global trends in cannabis cultivation. It will serve as an exemplar for wider discussions of key theories and concepts relating to the spread not just of cannabis cultivation, but also of illegal markets more generally, the actors that operate within these markets and the policies and practices that are employed in response to developments within these markets.
Note de contenu : CONTENTS:
Preface: Peter Reuter.
1. The globalization of cannabis cultivation, Gary R. Potter, Martin Bouchard and Tom Decorte;
PART I - TRADITIONAL PRODUCER NATIONS:
2. Peculiar and perplexed - the complexity of ganja cultivation in the English speaking Caribbean, Axel Klein;
3. Cannabis cultivation practices in the Moroccan Rif, Kenza Afsahi.
PART II - GROWING IN THE DEVELOPED WORLD:
4. Medical marijuana - exploring the concept in relation to small scale cannabis growers in Denmark, Helle Vibeke Dahl and Vibeke Asmussen Frank;
5. With a little help from my friends - justifications of small scale cannabis growers, Pekka Hakkarainen and Jussi Perälä;
6. 'Stories', 'facts' and 'myths'. Perceptions of domestic cultivators on potency and quality of cannabis, Tom Decorte;
7. Professionals or amateurs? Revisiting the notion of professional crime in the context of cannabis cultivation, Martin Bouchard and Holly Nguyen;
8. Co-offending networks in cannabis cultivation, Aili Malm, Rebecca Nash and Samuel Vickovic;
9. Cannabis cultivation in the United States, Ralph A. Weisheit;
10. Cannabis cultivation in Spain - the case of cannabis social clubs, Xabier Arana and Virginia Montañés Sánchez.
PART III - RESPONSES TO GROWING IN THE DEVELOPED WORLD:
11. Marihuana behind and beyond coffee shops, Dirk J. Korf;
12. Reforming laws applying to domestic cannabis production as a harm reduction strategy - a case study, Simon Lenton;
13. A review of cannabis properties and experiments for its biological control, Margaret Kalacska, Pablo Arroyo-Mora, Eva Snirer and Rick Parent;
14. The seizure rate of cannabis crop eradication operations in New Zealand, 1998-2009, Chris Wilkins and Paul Sweetsur;
15. Keeping down the weeds: cannabis eradication in the developed world, Gary R. Potter;
16. Emerging trends in cannabis cultivation - and the way forward, Martin Bouchard, Gary R. Potter and Tom Decorte.
Affiliation : London South Bank University, United Kingdom ; Simon Fraser University, Canada? Cote : L01829 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=68315www.mydrugdealer.com: Ethics and legal implications of Internet-based access to substances of abuse / C. A. KLEIN ; S. KANDEL in Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, Vol.39, n°3 (September 2011)
in Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law > Vol.39, n°3 (September 2011) . - 407-411
Titre : www.mydrugdealer.com: Ethics and legal implications of Internet-based access to substances of abuse Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : C. A. KLEIN ; S. KANDEL Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 407-411 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
INTERNET ; ACHAT ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; PSYCHIATRIE ; LEGISLATION ; MEDICAMENTS ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; ETHIQUE ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS
Discipline : MAR Marché de la drogue / Drug market Domaine : Autres substances addictives / Other substances ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : The Internet has increasingly become an intrinsic part of everyday life, offering countless possibilities for education, services, recreation, and more. In fact, an entire virtual life within the digitalized World Wide Web is possible and common among many Internet users. Today's psychiatrists must therefore incorporate this dimension of human life into clinical practice, to achieve an adequate assessment of the tools and risks available to the patient. We focus on the Internet as a portal for the trade of and access to substances of abuse. We review the legal regulations that may inform care and standards of practice and analyze the difficulties that arise in assessment and monitoring of the current situation. We consider the potential impact of Internet-based narcotics trade on addiction morbidities and the practice of clinical psychiatry, as well as on the potential legal implications that the forensic expert may face. Refs biblio. : 24 Affiliation : Saint Elizabeths Hospital, Department of Mental Health, Washington, DC, USA Lien : http://www.jaapl.org/content/39/3/407.abstract Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=68114[article]"Yo! This is no lie, if you smoke, you die": a content analysis of anti-smoking posters created by adolescents / S. C. BANERJEE ; K. GREENE in Journal of Substance Use, Vol.18, n°2 (April 2013)
in Journal of Substance Use > Vol.18, n°2 (April 2013) . - 119-128
Titre : "Yo! This is no lie, if you smoke, you die": a content analysis of anti-smoking posters created by adolescents Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : S. C. BANERJEE ; K. GREENE Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 119-128 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
TABAC ; ADOLESCENT ; AFFICHAGE ; PREVENTION
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Résumé : Introduction: Exposure to anti-smoking messages is strongly associated with lower smoking initiation by adolescents. However, few anti-smoking efforts have involved message generation by adolescents themselves. This article presents a content analysis of anti-smoking posters created by middle school students in two northeastern schools in the United States. Understanding how smoking prevention messages should be framed from the perspective of young teens will provide us with formative information about what kinds of smoking prevention messages teens believe are effective.
Methods: 50 anti-smoking posters created by adolescents (11-14 years) were content analysed, with a focus around three broad areas: effects of smoking portrayed in posters, specific ways of message depiction in posters and use of slogans.
Result: Results of content analysis reveal that appearance-related factors (44%) were most commonly used to convey harmful health effects of smoking, followed by messages about death and dying (30%), before-after effects of smoking (22%), other sickness-related effects of smoking (20%) and cancer (12%). Supplemental thematic analysis revealed that in a majority of posters pictures were exaggerated and were dominant part of the posters.
Discussion: These results provide information about anti-smoking messages/themes perceived as efficacious by young adolescents and have implications for developing anti-smoking messages for adolescents.
Affiliation : Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA Cote : Abonnement Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/14659891.2011.615883 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=72295[article]"You've got drugs!". Prescription drug pushers on the internet. A CASA white paper / The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University
Titre : "You've got drugs!". Prescription drug pushers on the internet. A CASA white paper Titre traduit : ("Vous avez obtenu des drogues". Prescription de drogues en mode push sur internet) Type de document : Document texte divers Auteurs : The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University ; CASA Année de publication : 2004 Editeur : New York, NY : National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASA) Importance : 18 p. Note générale : New York, CASA, 2004, 18 p. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
MEDICAMENTS ; USAGE DETOURNE ; INTERNET ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; OFFRE
Discipline : MAR Marché de la drogue / Drug market Domaine : Autres substances addictives / Other substances Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
Le centre national sur l'addiction et l'abus de drogues (CASA) de l'université de Columbia et un bureau privé révèlent que des médicaments dangereux et ayant un potentiel addictif sont facilement disponibles sur internet sans prescription à des individus de tous âges. Sur 157 sites visités entre le 15 et le 22 janvier 2004, vendant des médicaments sur ordonnances, 141 ne demandent pas l'ordonnance, 41% déclarent que l'ordonnance n'est pas nécessaire et 49 % offrent une consultation en ligne.
Refs biblio. : 24 Affiliation : 633 Third Ave., New York, NY 10017-6706 Etats-Unis. United States. Numéro Toxibase : 505928 Centre Emetteur : 05 Marmottan Lien : http://www.centeronaddiction.org/addiction-research/reports/youve-got-drugs-pers [...] Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=18735Young adult ecstasy use patterns : quantities and combinations / C. E. STERKPermalinkYoung adult ecstasy users and multiple sexual partners: understanding the factors underlying this HIV risk practice / C. E. STERK in Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, Vol.40 n°3 (2008)PermalinkYoung adult ecstasy users' enhancement of the effects of their ecstasy use / H. KLEIN in Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, Vol.41 n°2 (June 2009)PermalinkYoung adults' exposure to alcohol- and marijuana-related content on Twitter / E. P. CABRERA-NGUYEN ; P. CAVAZOS-REHG ; M. KRAUSS ; L. J. BIERUT ; M. A. MORENO in Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol.77, n°2 (March 2016)PermalinkYoung adults in the workplace: a multisite initiative of substance use / J. W. BRAY ; D. M. GALVIN ; L. A. CLUFFPermalinkYoung heroin users and crime / G. JARVIS ; H. PARKER in British Journal of Criminology, Vol.29, n°2 (Spring 1989)PermalinkYoung people's health in context. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2001/2002 survey / C. CURRIEPermalinkYoung people's more permissive views about marijuana: Local impact of state laws or national trend? / L. A. SCHMIDT ; L. M. JACOBS ; J. SPETZ in American Journal of Public Health, Vol.106, n°8 (August 2016)PermalinkYouth access interventions do not affect youth smoking / C. M. FICHTENBERG ; S. A. GLANTZ in Pediatrics, Vol.109, n°6 (June 2002)PermalinkYouth access to tobacco / N. A. RIGOTTI in Nicotine and Tobacco Research, Vol.1, Suppl.2 (September 1999)Permalink