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Washington state recreational marijuana legalization: Parent and adolescent perceptions, knowledge, and discussions in a sample of low-income families / W. A. MASON ; K. HANSON ; C. B. FLEMING ; J. L. RINGLE ; K. P. HAGGERTY in Substance Use and Misuse, Vol.50, n°5 (2015)
in Substance Use and Misuse > Vol.50, n°5 (2015) . - 541-545
Titre : Washington state recreational marijuana legalization: Parent and adolescent perceptions, knowledge, and discussions in a sample of low-income families Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : W. A. MASON ; K. HANSON ; C. B. FLEMING ; J. L. RINGLE ; K. P. HAGGERTY Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : 541-545 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
CANNABIS ; LEGALISATION ; USAGE RECREATIF ; PARENT ; ADOLESCENT ; PERCEPTION ; REVENU ; ATTITUDE ; COMPORTEMENT ; FAMILLE ; LEGISLATION
Discipline : SHS Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : ENGLISH:
BACKGROUND: In November 2012, Washington State and Colorado became the first states in the United States to legalize recreational marijuana use for adults, and Uruguay became the first country to allow the cultivation, distribution, possession, and use of marijuana. One possible consequence of these changes is increased adolescent marijuana use. Parents may mitigate this adverse consequence; however, whether parents and adolescents have accurate knowledge about the laws and are discussing marijuana use in light of the law changes is unknown.
OBJECTIVE: We examine perceptions, knowledge, and parent-child discussions about Washington State's recreational marijuana law in a sample of low-income families.
METHODS: Participants were a subset of families (n = 115) in an ongoing study that originally recruited parents and adolescents from middle schools in Tacoma, Washington. In summer 2013, when students were entering the 11(th) grade, students and their parents were asked questions about the recreational marijuana law.
RESULTS: Participants perceived that their marijuana-related attitudes and behaviors changed little as a result of the law, and displayed uncertainty about what is legal and illegal. Most parents reported discussing the new law with their children but only occasionally, and conversations emphasized household rules, particularly among parent lifetime marijuana users compared to non-users. Conclusions/Importance: Results suggest that there should be a public health campaign focused on families that provides clear information about the recreational marijuana laws.
Les adolescents et leurs familles vivant dans l'Etat de Washington où la consommation récréative de cannabis est autorisée par la loi depuis novembre 2012 seraient très peu au fait des mesures précises qui constituent cette dernière et notamment de ce qui est légal et de ce qui ne l'est pas. C'est du moins ce que révèle une enquête réalisée auprès de 115 familles à faibles revenus, en septembre 2013, soit plus de six mois après l'entrée en vigueur de la loi. Interpellés par ce défaut de connaissance et parce que l'une des conséquences non désirées de cette législation pourrait être une augmentation de la consommation de cannabis à l'adolescence, les auteurs de cette enquête recommandent la mise en place, à des fins préventives, de compagnes d'information à l'attention des familles, à la hauteur de cette (r)évolution majeure. [Actualités des addictions, 17.03.2015]
Affiliation : Boys Town, National Research Institute, Boys Town, NE, USA Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=75859[article]What can we learn from the Dutch cannabis coffeeshop system? / R. J. MACCOUN in Addiction, Vol.106, n°11 (November 2011)
in Addiction > Vol.106, n°11 (November 2011) . - 1899-1910
Titre : What can we learn from the Dutch cannabis coffeeshop system? Titre traduit : (Que pouvons-nous apprendre du système des coffee-shops de cannabis néerlandais ?) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. J. MACCOUN Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 1899-1910 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
CANNABIS ; COFFEE SHOP ; LEGALISATION ; POLITIQUE ; PREVALENCE ; PRIX ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; ESPAD ; TYPE D'USAGE ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; TRAITEMENT
Discipline : MAR Marché de la drogue / Drug market Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : AIMS To examine the empirical consequences of officially tolerated retail sales of cannabis in the Netherlands, and possible implications for the legalization debate.
METHODS Available Dutch data on the prevalence and patterns of use, treatment, sanctioning, prices and purity for cannabis dating back to the 1970s are compared to similar indicators in Europe and the United States.
RESULTS The available evidence suggests that the prevalence of cannabis use among Dutch citizens rose and fell as the number of coffeeshops increased and later declined, but only modestly. The coffeeshops do not appear to encourage escalation into heavier use or lengthier using careers, although treatment rates for cannabis are higher than elsewhere in Europe. Scatterplot analyses suggest that Dutch patterns of use are very typical for Europe, and that the 'separation of markets' may indeed have somewhat weakened the link between cannabis use and the use of cocaine or amphetamines.
CONCLUSIONS Cannabis consumption in the Netherlands is lower than would be expected in an unrestricted market, perhaps because cannabis prices have remained high due to production-level prohibitions. The Dutch system serves as a nuanced alternative to both full prohibition and full legalization.
Refs biblio. : 49 Affiliation : Goldman School of Public Policy and UC Berkeley School of Law, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA Lien : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03572.x/abstract Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=68029[article]What do we know now about the impact of the laws related to marijuana? / J. C. MAXWELL ; B. MENDELSON in Journal of Addiction Medicine, Vol.10, n°1 (January-February 2016)
in Journal of Addiction Medicine > Vol.10, n°1 (January-February 2016) . - 3-12
Titre : What do we know now about the impact of the laws related to marijuana? Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. C. MAXWELL ; B. MENDELSON Année de publication : 2016 Article en page(s) : 3-12 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
CANNABIS ; USAGE RECREATIF ; LEGISLATION ; USAGE THERAPEUTIQUE ; LEGALISATION ; PREVALENCE ; ATTITUDE ; JEUNE ; URGENCE ; HOSPITALISATION ; ADMISSION ; ARRESTATION ; TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL
Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : Objectives: This study presents information on the status and impact of medical and legalized marijuana, and the latest data on attitudes and prevalence of use since implementation of these laws. Recent reports from epidemiologists in Denver and Seattle are summarized to give the readers a sense of the changes as these laws have taken effect in their communities.
Methods: The status of these laws is reviewed and the results of surveys taken before and after the laws were enacted are presented, along with data on changing potency and driving under the influence of marijuana.
Summary: Prevalence of use by youths has not increased, but their negative attitudes towards the risk of using marijuana have decreased, and use by adults has increased. Potency continues to increase, as has the proportion of drivers testing positive for use of the drug. Data from Denver show increases in hospital admissions, emergency department visits, and calls to poison centers, with decreasing arrests and admissions to substance abuse treatment programs. Data from the Seattle area show similar decreases in treatment admissions and police involvement, but also increased prevalence of more frequent use.
Conclusions: Current data suggest that increases in marijuana use preceded legalization in 2012. Treatment admissions were declining before these laws, but some indicators of morbidity seem to be increasing subsequent to legalization, with modest increases in poison center calls in both states and increases in acute medical visits in Denver. Data are needed to understand the relationship between the patterns and amounts of use in terms of consequences, and data on the health conditions of those receiving medical marijuana and the impact of higher potency.
Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Affiliation : Center for Social Work Research, Addiction Research Institute, Austin, TX, USA URL : http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/306089.php Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=76902[article]What does it mean to decriminalize marijuana? A cross-national empirical examination / R. L. PACULA ; R. J. MACCOUN ; P. REUTER ; J. CHRIQUI ; B. KILMER ; K. HARRIS ; L. PAOLI ; C. SCHAFER
in Substance use: individual behaviour, social interactions, markets and politics / B. LINDGREN ; M. GROSSMAN
Titre : What does it mean to decriminalize marijuana? A cross-national empirical examination Type de document : Chapitre Auteurs : R. L. PACULA ; R. J. MACCOUN ; P. REUTER ; J. CHRIQUI ; B. KILMER ; K. HARRIS ; L. PAOLI ; C. SCHAFER Année de publication : 2005 Editeur : Bingley [UK] : Emerald Group Collection : Advances in Health Economics and Health Services Research Vol.16 Importance : 347-369 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ETATS-UNIS ; AUSTRALIE ; ALLEMAGNE ; PORTUGAL ; PAYS-BAS
COMPARAISON ; CANNABIS ; LEGISLATION ; POLITIQUE ; ILS ; LEGALISATION ; DEPENALISATION ; MODELE ; HISTOIRE
Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : Although frequently discussed as a singular policy, there is tremendous variation in the laws and regulations surrounding so-called decriminalization policies adopted by Werstern countries, with many jurisdictions adopting depenalization policies rather than policies that actually change the criminal status of cannabis possession offences. This paper provides a discussion of the liberalization policies being adopted in Western countries, highlighting distinct elements about particular policies that are important for proper analysis and interpretation of the policies. It then discusses some of the ennironmental factors that also shape these policies, and hence influence their potential impact, using data from the USA as a particular example. The results clearly show that researchers should be careful conducting intra- or international comparisons of policies because important aspects of these policies are frequently ignored. [Author's abstract] Refs biblio. : 23 Cote : L01325 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=63954What the history of drugs can teach us about the current cannabis legalization process: Unfinished business / M. ADRIAN in Substance Use and Misuse, Vol.50, n°8-9 (2015)
in Substance Use and Misuse > Vol.50, n°8-9 (2015) . - 990-1004
Titre : What the history of drugs can teach us about the current cannabis legalization process: Unfinished business Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : M. ADRIAN Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : 990-1004 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
CANNABIS ; HISTOIRE ; LEGALISATION ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; TABAC ; CAFE ; THE ; ALCOOL ; CONDUITE DE VEHICULE
Discipline : SHS Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Plusieurs produits / Several products Résumé : Over time, there have been considerable changes in the variety, availability, production, distribution, and use and user(s) of psychoactive substances, the meaning of substance use and its impact on users and their social or physical environment(s). This article reviews the mechanisms of introduction of psychoactive substances such as alcohol, tobacco, coffee, tea and cannabis to populations and communities that did not have them before. It considers the historical tension between early adopters who greet new substances with various levels of enthusiasm in their eagerness to enjoy what they believe to be the benefits of using these substances, and those focused on what they believe to be the negative aspects of use, who decry these new substances with horror. With more nonusers than users in the population, social policies tend to be directed at preventing, restricting, or punishing selected use, users and drugs., using controls and interventions such regulation, incarceration, death sentence, treatment, prevention, legalization, taxation, among others. Whatever their intent or wished-for impact, all had consequences that produced additional, unplanned for, and (often) negative effects. This paper will consider some of these sequences as they occurred historically with other substances in light of the current shift to legalization and normalization of cannabis, noting the mechanisms of use, controls, and consequences of some types of formal interventions and give some attention to how and what we can learn from our experiences in order to plan ahead and become better prepared to successfully deal with the 'unexpecteds' of that well-known 'hell' paved with good intentions. Affiliation : Department of Economics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=76443[article]Why has US drug policy changed so little over 30 years? / P. REUTER in Crime and Justice, Vol.42 (October 2013)PermalinkWhy it is probably too soon to assess the public health effects of legalisation of recreational cannabis use in the USA [Personal View] / W. HALL ; M. LYNSKEY in Lancet Psychiatry (The), Vol.3, n°9 (September 2016)PermalinkWhy our drug laws have failed and what we can do about it: a judicial indictment of the war on drugs / J. P. GRAYPermalinkWill drug use rise? Exploring a key concern about decriminalising or regulating drugs / G. MURKINPermalinkWilliam F. Buckley's conservative "icon", "national review", weighs in against "drug war" / ***PermalinkWorld drug report. World drug report 1997 / UNDCPPermalinkWould legalizing illicit opioids reduce overdose fatalities? Implications from a natural experiment [For debate] / S. DARKE ; M. FARRELL in Addiction, Vol.109, n°8 (August 2014)PermalinkYoung people's more permissive views about marijuana: Local impact of state laws or national trend? / L. A. SCHMIDT ; L. M. JACOBS ; J. SPETZ in American Journal of Public Health, Vol.106, n°8 (August 2016)Permalink