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Youth attitudes on drugs. Analytical report / The Gallup Organisation
Titre : Youth attitudes on drugs. Analytical report Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : The Gallup Organisation Année de publication : 2011 Editeur : Bruxelles : Commission Européenne / European Commission Collection : Flash Eurobaromètre / Flash Eurobarometer 330 Importance : 124 p. Présentation : ann., tabl., graph. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
JEUNE ; ATTITUDE ; ENQUETE ; PERCEPTION ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; ALCOOL ; TABAC ; QUESTIONNAIRE ; REPRESENTATION SOCIALE ; OPINION PUBLIQUE ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; CANNABIS ; CONSOMMATION ; REGLEMENTATION ; INFORMATION ; ADOLESCENT ; DROGUES DE SYNTHESE
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
Ce rapport présente les résultats d'une enquête menée auprès de jeunes Européens âgés de 15 à 24 ans. Il analyse leurs comportements et leurs attitudes envers les drogues, y compris les soi-disant «euphorisants légaux», c'est-à-dire, les nouvelles substances qui imitent les effets des drogues illicites et sont souvent vendues sous forme de poudres, herbes ou pilules.
Il s'agit d'un aperçu concernant l'usage, la disponibilité des médicaments, les opinions sur les réponses de la politique antidrogue et sur les mesures qui pourraient être mieux prises pour s'attaquer à des problèmes de toxicomanie dans la société. De cette enquête ressort également la perception du risque des groupes-cibles interviewés à l'égard de diverses substances, tel que les risques auxquels l'on s'expose par l'utilisation de certains médicaments, allant de l'héroïne au cannabis, ainsi que l'alcool.
The current Flash Eurobarometer, requested by Directorate-General Justice, builds on the earlier surveys in order to measure the trend in attitudes of this target group towards drugs. In response to recent developments in the EU drug market, in the current survey, young people were also asked about their experiences with and attitudes towards new substances that imitate the effects of illicit drugs, so-called new psychoactive substances or "legal highs".
This survey's objective was to study young EU citizens' attitudes to - and perceptions about - drugs and related issues, such as:
• past and potential information sources about illicit drug use and the related risks and effects
• perceptions about the availability of specific drugs and self-reported use of cannabis and new psychoactive substances
• perceived health risks associated with occasional and regular use of various licit and illicit substances (i.e. cocaine, ecstasy, cannabis, alcohol and tobacco)
• attitudes towards banning or regulating illicit drugs, new psychoactive substances, alcohol and tobacco
• opinions about the effectiveness of alternative drug policies.
Affiliation : Hungary Lien : http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/flash/fl_330_en.pdf Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=67148Titre précédentYouth, drugs, and nightlife / G. HUNT ; M. MOLONEY ; K. EVANS
Titre : Youth, drugs, and nightlife Type de document : Livre Auteurs : G. HUNT ; M. MOLONEY ; K. EVANS Année de publication : 2010 Editeur : London : Routledge Collection : Leisure and cultural studies Importance : 274 p. Présentation : index ISBN/ISSN/EAN : 978-0-415-37473-6 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
MUSIQUE ; CULTUREL ; SOCIOLOGIE ; ANTHROPOLOGIE ; MILIEU FESTIF ; ENTRETIEN ; ETUDE QUALITATIVE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE ; ECSTASY ; PLAISIR ; ETHNIE ; SEXE ; ALCOOL ; POLYCONSOMMATION ; PRODUIT ILLICITE
Discipline : SHS Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Résumé : ENGLISH:
Drugs and music have long been tied together. From marijuana and jazz, and amphetamines and punk, drugs and popular music have been inextricably joined. Today the music is electronic and ecstasy and party drugs are the drugs of choice. Raves and clubs are often treated by public health experts as merely conduits for drugs, and youth drug use is presented as an unalloyed danger. Within cultural studies, raves and dance scenes are often celebrated as liberating or transgressive, but the issue of drug use within these scenes is often ignored or brushed aside. In "Youth, Drugs, and Nightlife", anthropologist and sociologists Hunt, Moloney, and Evans, go beyond these limits and explore the attraction of the scene and the drugs to young people today. Using information from over 300 in-depth interviews with ravers, DJ's, and promoters, the authors examine the interplay between dance scenes, party drugs, and these young people's identities - focusing on issues of Asian American ethnic identity, gender, and sexuality. In contrast to the often stereotypical view of young drug users as naive and poorly informed, the authors explore the sources of information used by ravers, the precautions they take before and after using, and the controls they impose on one another's use. They examine the central role that the pursuit of pleasure (generally ignored within drug literatures) plays in the practice and meanings of party drug use. We learn about these young people's frustrations with legislation controlling raves and clubs, and their general skepticism about official pronouncements on the dangers of ecstasy and other drugs. The book examines youth, drugs, and nightlife, in terms of local nighttime economies, but also places these happenings in the broader contexts of national legislation and the globalization of culture and technology.
Note de contenu : CONTENTS:
Part 1: Theory and methods for studying youth: 1. Epidemiology meets cultural studies: studying and understanding youth cultures, clubs, and drugs; 2. Clubbers, candy kids and jaded ravers: introducing the scene, the participants, and the drugs.
Part 2: The global the national and the local: 3. Clubbing, drugs, and the dance scene in a global perspective; 4. Youth, US drug policy, and social control of the dance scene; 5. Uncovering the local: San Francisco's nighttime economy.
Part 3: Drug pleasures, risks and combinations: 6. "The great unmentionable": exploring the pleasures and benefits of ecstasy; 7. Drug use and the meaning of risk; 8. Combining different substances in the dance scene: enhancing pleasure, managing risk, and timing effects.
Part 4: Gender, social context, and ethnicity: 9. Drugs, gender, sexuality, and accountability in the world of raves; 10. Alcohol, gender, and social context; 11. Asian American youth: consumption, identity, and drugs in the dance scene.
Refs biblio. : 24 p. Cote : L01295 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=63222Youth risk behavior surveillance. United States, 2001 / J. A. GRUNBAUM in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), Vol.51, Suppl.4 (June 28, 2002)
in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) > Vol.51, Suppl.4 (June 28, 2002) . - 52 p.
Titre : Youth risk behavior surveillance. United States, 2001 Titre traduit : (Surveillance des comportements à risque des jeunes. Etats Unis, 2001) Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : J. A. GRUNBAUM ; L. KANN ; S. A. KINCHEN ; B. WILLIAMS ; J. G. ROSS ; R. LOWRY ; L. KOLBE Année de publication : 2002 Collection : Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Article en page(s) : 52 p. Présentation : tabl. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
JEUNE ; ENSEIGNEMENT SECONDAIRE ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; CONDUITE A RISQUE ; SURVEILLANCE EPIDEMIOLOGIQUE ; MORTALITE ; MORBIDITE ; CONSOMMATION ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; PRODUIT LICITE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE DESCRIPTIVE
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
L'étude date du 28 juin 2002 et porte sur la période de février à décembre 2001. Elle recense les 6 principaux comportements à risque des jeunes qui entraînent une mortalité et une morbidité : blessures et violences, consommation de tabac, usage d'alcool ou autre drogue, rapports sexuels non protégés, comportements alimentaires inadéquats et absence d'activité sportive.
Problem/Condition: Priority health-risk behaviors, which contribute to the leading causes of mortality and morbidity among youth and adults, often are established during youth, extend into adulthood, are interrelated, and are preventable.
Reporting Period Covered: This report covers data during February-December 2001.
Description of System: The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six categories of priority health-risk behaviors among youth and young adults; these behaviors contribute to unintentional injuries and violence; tobacco use; alcohol and other drug use; sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; unhealthy dietary behaviors; and physical inactivity. The YRBSS includes a national school-based survey conducted by CDC as well as state, territorial, and local school-based surveys conducted by education and health agencies. This report summarizes results from the national survey, 34 state surveys, and 18 local surveys conducted among students in grades 9-12 during February-December 2001.
Results: In the United States, approximately three fourths of all deaths among persons aged 10-24 years result from only four causes: motor-vehicle crashes, other unintentional injuries, homicide, and suicide. Results from the 2001 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey demonstrated that numerous high school students engage in behaviors that increase their likelihood of death from these four causes: 14.1% had rarely or never worn a seat belt during the 30 days preceding the survey; 30.7% had ridden with a driver who had been drinking alcohol; 17.4% had carried a weapon during the 30 days preceding the survey; 47.1% had drunk alcohol during the 30 days preceding the survey; 23.9% had used marijuana during the 30 days preceding the survey; and 8.8% had attempted suicide during the 12 months preceding the survey. Substantial morbidity and social problems among young persons also result from unintended pregnancies and STDs, including HIV infection. In 2001, 45.6% of high school students had ever had sexual intercourse; 42.1% of sexually active students had not used a condom at last sexual intercourse; and 2.3% had ever injected an illegal drug. Two thirds of all deaths among persons aged >25 years result from only two causes: cardiovascular disease and cancer. The majority of risk behaviors associated with these two causes of death are initiated during adolescence. In 2001, 28.5% of high school students had smoked cigarettes during the 30 days preceding the survey; 78.6% had not eaten >5 servings per day of fruits and vegetables during the 7 days preceding the survey; 10.5% were overweight; and 67.8% did not attend physical education class daily.
Public Health Actions: Health and education officials at national, state, and local levels are using these YRBSS data to analyze and improve policies and programs to reduce priority health-risk behaviors among youth. The YRBSS data also are being used to measure progress toward achieving 16 national health objectives for 2010 and 3 of the 10 leading health indicators.
Sous-type de document : Etude de synthèse / Synthetic study Refs biblio. : 12 Affiliation : Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, USA Numéro Toxibase : 505517 Centre Emetteur : 05 Marmottan Lien : http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5104a1.htm Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=23191[article]Youth risk behavior surveillance - United States, 2013 / L. KANN ; S. A. KINCHEN ; S. L. SHANKLIN ; K. H. FLINT ; J. HAWKINS ; W. A. HARRIS ; R. LOWRY ; E. O'MALLEY OLSEN ; T. McMANUS ; D. CHYEN ; L. WHITTLE ; E. TAYLOR ; Z. DEMISSIE ; N. D. BRENER ; J. THORNTON ; J. MOORE ; S. ZAZA in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), Vol.63, n°4 (June 13, 2014)
in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) > Vol.63, n°4 (June 13, 2014) . - 172 p.
Titre : Youth risk behavior surveillance - United States, 2013 Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : L. KANN ; S. A. KINCHEN ; S. L. SHANKLIN ; K. H. FLINT ; J. HAWKINS ; W. A. HARRIS ; R. LOWRY ; E. O'MALLEY OLSEN ; T. McMANUS ; D. CHYEN ; L. WHITTLE ; E. TAYLOR ; Z. DEMISSIE ; N. D. BRENER ; J. THORNTON ; J. MOORE ; S. ZAZA Année de publication : 2014 Article en page(s) : 172 p. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
SURVEILLANCE EPIDEMIOLOGIQUE ; JEUNE ; ADULTE JEUNE ; CONDUITE A RISQUE ; TABAC ; ALCOOL ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; PREVALENCE ; CONDUITE DE VEHICULE ; VIOLENCE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco Résumé : Problem: Priority health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults. Population-based data on these behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth nationwide.
Reporting Period Covered: September 2012-December 2013.
Description of the System: The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six categories of priority health-risk behaviors among youth and young adults: 1) behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence; 2) tobacco use; 3) alcohol and other drug use; 4) sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; 5) unhealthy dietary behaviors; and 6) physical inactivity. In addition, YRBSS monitors the prevalence of obesity and asthma. YRBSS includes a national school-based Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) conducted by CDC and state and large urban school district school-based YRBSs conducted by state and local education and health agencies. This report summarizes results for 104 health-risk behaviors plus obesity, overweight, and asthma from the 2013 national survey, 42 state surveys, and 21 large urban school district surveys conducted among students in grades 9-12.
Results: Results from the 2013 national YRBS indicated that many high school students are engaged in priority health-risk behaviors associated with the leading causes of death among persons aged 10-24 years in the United States. During the 30 days before the survey, 41.4% of high school students nationwide among the 64.7% who drove a car or other vehicle during the 30 days before the survey had texted or e-mailed while driving, 34.9% had drunk alcohol, and 23.4% had used marijuana. During the 12 months before the survey, 14.8% had been electronically bullied, 19.6% had been bullied on school property, and 8.0% had attempted suicide. Many high school students nationwide are engaged in sexual risk behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancies and STIs, including HIV infection. Nearly half (46.8%) of students had ever had sexual intercourse, 34.0% had had sexual intercourse during the 3 months before the survey (i.e., currently sexually active), and 15.0% had had sexual intercourse with four or more persons during their life. Among currently sexually active students, 59.1% had used a condom during their last sexual intercourse. Results from the 2013 national YRBS also indicate many high school students are engaged in behaviors associated with chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes. During the 30 days before the survey, 15.7% of high school students had smoked cigarettes and 8.8% had used smokeless tobacco. During the 7 days before the survey, 5.0% of high school students had not eaten fruit or drunk 100% fruit juices and 6.6% had not eaten vegetables. More than one-third (41.3%) had played video or computer games or used a computer for something that was not school work for 3 or more hours per day on an average school day.
Interpretation: Many high school students engage in behaviors that place them at risk for the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of most health-risk behaviors varies by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade and across states and large urban school districts. Long term temporal changes also have occurred. Since the earliest year of data collection, the prevalence of most health-risk behaviors has decreased (e.g., physical fighting, current cigarette use, and current sexual activity), but the prevalence of other health-risk behaviors has not changed (e.g., suicide attempts treated by a doctor or nurse, having ever used marijuana, and having drunk alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourse) or has increased (e.g., having not gone to school because of safety concern and obesity and overweight).
Affiliation : Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC ; ICF International, Rockville, Maryland ; Westat, Rockville, Maryland, USA Lien : http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/ss/ss6304.pdf Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=74587[article]"Zero tolerance" and drug education in Australian schools / G. MUNRO ; R. MIDFORD
Titre : "Zero tolerance" and drug education in Australian schools Titre traduit : (Tolérance zéro et prévention de la consommation de drogues dans les écoles autraliennes) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : G. MUNRO ; R. MIDFORD Année de publication : 2001 Importance : 105-109 Note générale : Drug and Alcohol Review, 2001, 20, (1), 105-109 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
PRODUIT ILLICITE ; CONSOMMATION ; PREVENTION ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; REPRESSION ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES ; POLITIQUE ; PROGRAMME ; EVOLUTION
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
Depuis 10 ans, la prévention de la consommation de drogues dans les établissements scolaires australiens a été basée sur une approche de réduction des dommages définie par le gouvernement. Largement acceptée par les éducateurs, ces mesures ont favorisé un vrai dialogue avec les élèves et une meilleure orientation vers une démarche de soins. Malgré cela, la notion de "tolérance zéro" est revenue récemment sur la scène politique et réintégrée aux mesures éducatives nationales. Ceci va engendrer un clivage parmi les enseignants, réduire l'efficacité des précédentes mesures, renforcer la répression envers les usagers expérimentaux et n'aura aucun effet sur la réduction de la consommation.
For a decade in Australia, drug education in schools has been shaped by the approach of harm minimization adopted by state and national governments alike. Harm minimization has been accepted broadly by drug educators, and has encouraged schools to deepen their commitment to drug education, allowed them to communicate honestly with students, and to respond to instances of drug use in a less confrontational and more caring manner. Despite those advances, the notion of "zero tolerance" within schools has been promoted recently by protagonists in the formulation of drug policy and it is mentioned in the recently published national school drug education policy. This article suggests that the adoption of a zero tolerance policy will end the consensus among drug educators, reduce the efficacy of drug education, lead to more punitive treatment of youthful drug experimenters, while doing nothing to reduce drug use. It concludes the existing policy of harm minimization offers schools more scope to address drug issues in a constructive manner than does zero tolerance, which in practice may inflate the harmful effects on young people of drug use. (Author's abstract.)
Affiliation : Ctr. Youth Drug Studies, PO Box 818, North Melbourne VIC 3051 Australie. Australia. Numéro Toxibase : 803637 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=24673Zonards. Une famille de rue / T. PIMORPermalink