A partir de cette page vous pouvez :
|Retourner au premier écran avec les dernières notices...||Votre compte|
Ajouter le résultat dans votre panier Faire une suggestion Affiner la recherche
Young people using crack and the process of marginalization / A. VAN DER POEL
Titre : Young people using crack and the process of marginalization Titre traduit : (Jeune usager de crack et processus de marginalisation) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : A. VAN DER POEL ; D. VAN DE MHEEN Année de publication : 2006 Importance : 45-59 Présentation : fig. Note générale : Drugs Education, Prevention and Policy, 2006, 13, (1), 45-59 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
CRACK ; ADOLESCENT ; ADULTE JEUNE ; TYPE D'USAGE ; COMPORTEMENT ; EXCLUSION ; PRISON ; SANTE ; ENQUETE
Discipline : SHS Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé :
Thirty current and former crack users aged 16-24 years participated in a qualitative study about their crack use and related behaviours. The study investigates the process of marginalization (social relations, sources of income and health situation) before and after the start of crack use. Results show that because many crack users were raised in a problematic home situation and have little education, they were already in a marginal position before they started using crack. However, the use of crack accelerated the process of marginalization, because they experienced a shrinking social network that developed around other users, and because they performed illegal activities to buy crack. As result, many users spent time in prison. Regarding health, they experienced respiratory problems, deteriorating physical fitness, paranoia and heart palpitations. Furthermore, homelessness and crack use are intertwined. (Author's abstract.)
Note de contenu : fig. Refs biblio. : 27 Affiliation : Addiction Res. Instit. Rotterdam, Heemraadssingel 194, Nl-3021 Dm Rotterdam, E-mail vanderpoelivo.nl Pays-Bas. Netherlands. Numéro Toxibase : 1101485 Centre Emetteur : 11 SEDAP Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=14859Young refugees and asylum seekers in Greater London: vulnerability to problematic drug use. Final report / MAYOR OF LONDON
Titre : Young refugees and asylum seekers in Greater London: vulnerability to problematic drug use. Final report Titre traduit : (Les jeunes réfugiés et les demandeurs d'asile dans le Grand Londres : vulnérabilité à l'usage problématique de drogues. Rapport final) Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : MAYOR OF LONDON ; GREATER LONDON ALCOHOL AND DRUG ALLIANCE ; CENTRE FOR ETHNICITY AND HEALTH FACULTY OF HEALTH Année de publication : 2004 Editeur : London : Greater London Authority Importance : 238 p. ISBN/ISSN/EAN : 978-1-85261-647-2 Note générale : London, Greater London Authority, 2004, 238 p. Langues : Français Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
JEUNE ; FACTEUR DE VULNERABILITE ; IMMIGRE ; ENFANT ; ADOLESCENT ; EDUCATION ; CRIMINALITE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; FACTEUR DE PROTECTION ; POLITIQUE ; SANTE PUBLIQUE ; EMPLOI ; FAMILLE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Résumé :
This is the final report of a project that aimed to increase knowledge and understanding amongst participating refugee and asylum-seeking community organisations of the risks of problematic drug use amongst young members of these communities. It covers education, crime, employment, housing, previous and current drug use, family, social networks and environment. It concludes with recommendations for policy and service development.
Affiliation : Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom. Numéro Toxibase : 1301157 Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : E00386 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=56132Youth access interventions do not affect youth smoking / C. M. FICHTENBERG ; S. A. GLANTZ in Pediatrics, Vol.109, n°6 (June 2002)
in Pediatrics > Vol.109, n°6 (June 2002) . - 1088-1092
Titre : Youth access interventions do not affect youth smoking Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : C. M. FICHTENBERG ; S. A. GLANTZ Année de publication : 2002 Article en page(s) : 1088-1092 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
TABAC ; MINEUR ; ADOLESCENT ; INTERVENTION ; PREVENTION ; EFFICACITE ; LEGISLATION ; PREVALENCE ; ACHAT
Mots-clés : restriction Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Résumé : OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of laws restricting youth access to cigarettes on prevalence of smoking among teens.
METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies that reported changes in smoking associated with the presence of restrictions on the ability of teens to purchase cigarettes. We calculated the correlation between merchant compliance levels with youth access laws and prevalence (30-day and regular) prevalence of youth smoking, and between changes in compliance and prevalence associated with youth access interventions. We also conducted a random effects meta-analysis to determine the change in youth prevalence associated with youth access interventions from studies that included control communities.
RESULTS: Based on data from 9 studies, there was no detectable relationship between the level of merchant compliance and 30-day (r =.116; n = 38 communities) or regular (r =.017) smoking prevalence. There was no evidence of a threshold effect. There was no evidence that an increase in compliance with youth access restrictions was associated with a decrease in 30-day (r =.294; n = 18 communities) or regular (r =.274) smoking prevalence. There was no significant difference in youth smoking in communities with youth access interventions compared with control communities; the pooled estimate of the effect of intervention on 30-day prevalence was -1.5% (95% confidence interval: -6.0% to +2.9%).
CONCLUSIONS: Given the limited resources available for tobacco control, as well as the expense of conducting youth access programs, tobacco control advocates should abandon this strategy and devote the limited resources that are available for tobacco control toward other interventions with proven effectiveness.
Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Refs biblio. : 51 Affiliation : Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Institute for Health Policy Studies, Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA Cote : A01512 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=70372[article]Youth access to tobacco / N. A. RIGOTTI in Nicotine and Tobacco Research, Vol.1, Suppl.2 (September 1999)
in Nicotine and Tobacco Research > Vol.1, Suppl.2 (September 1999) . - S93-S97
Titre : Youth access to tobacco Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : N. A. RIGOTTI Année de publication : 1999 Article en page(s) : S93-S97 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
TABAC ; VENTE ; MINEUR ; ADOLESCENT ; EFFICACITE ; LEGISLATION ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS
Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Résumé : To start smoking, young people need a supply of tobacco products. Reducing youth access to tobacco is a new approach to preventing tobacco use that has been a focus of federal, state, and local tobacco control efforts over the past decade. All 50 states ban tobacco sales to minors, but compliance is poor because laws are not enforced. Consequently, young people have little trouble obtaining tobacco products. Commercial sources of tobacco (stores and vending machines) are important for underage smokers, who often purchase their own cigarettes. Underage youths also obtain tobacco from noncommercial sources such as friends, relatives, older adolescents, and adults. Educating retailers about tobacco sales laws has not produced long-term improvement in their compliance. Active enforcement of tobacco sales laws changes retailer behavior, but whether this reduces young people's access to tobacco or their tobacco use is not clear. The effectiveness of new local, state, and federal actions that aim to reduce youth access to tobacco remains to be determined. Can enforcing tobacco sales laws reduce young people's access to tobacco? If so, will this prevent or delay the onset of their tobacco use? How will youths' sources of tobacco change as commercial sources are restricted? What are the social (noncommercial) sources of tobacco for minors and how can youths' access to tobacco from these sources be reduced? What is the impact of the new federal policies aimed at reducing youth access to tobacco? Do new state and local laws that ban youth possession or use of tobacco have a net positive or negative impact on youth attitudes, access to tobacco, or tobacco use? What is the relative effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of efforts to reduce the supply of tobacco compared to those that aim to reduce demand for tobacco? Will either work alone or are both necessary to achieve reductions in youth smoking? Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Affiliation : Tobacco Research and Treatment Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=70614[article]Youth access to tobacco: policies and politics / J. L. FORSTER ; M. WOLFSON in Annual Review of Public Health, Vol.19 (1998)
in Annual Review of Public Health > Vol.19 (1998) . - 203-225
Titre : Youth access to tobacco: policies and politics Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. L. FORSTER ; M. WOLFSON Année de publication : 1998 Article en page(s) : 203-225 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
TABAC ; ADOLESCENT ; POLITIQUE ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; LEGISLATION ; ACHAT ; HISTOIRE ; VENTE ; REGLEMENTATION ; PROGRAMME ; EFFICACITE ; MINEUR ; EVALUATION
Mots-clés : restriction Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Résumé : The late 1980s marked the beginning of a sea change in research and intervention on tobacco use by young people, when the first studies were published demonstrating the ease with which adolescents could purchase cigarettes. Since then concern with the commercial availability of tobacco products to youth has grown, becoming deeply entrenched in both research and policy efforts. This paper reviews the history of restrictions on youth access to tobacco, the evidence that commercial sources of tobacco are available and important to adolescents, and the rationale for various components of policies to restrict access. We also review the recent expansion of policies addressing youth access to tobacco at all levels of government, the tobacco industry response to this expansion, and issues that have arisen as this expansion has developed. Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Refs biblio. : 138 Affiliation : Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA Cote : A01687 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=70369[article]Youth and road safety in Europe. Policy briefing / SETHI D.PermalinkYouth attitudes on drugs. Analytical report / The Gallup OrganisationPermalinkYouth caught in violation of tobacco purchase, use, and possession laws: education versus fines / L. A. JASON ; S. B. POKORNY ; M. ADAMS ; Y. HUNT ; P. GADIRAJU ; T. MORELLO ; M. SCHOENY ; C. DINWIDDIE in Behavior Modification, Vol.31, n°6 (November 2007)PermalinkYouth for youth-peer counseling / DAR-REIS D.PermalinkYouth help-seeking expectancies and their relation to help-seeking behaviours for substance use problems / B. BALLONPermalinkYouth media summary. Summary of a feasibility study: monitoring youth media as a new source of information for detecting, tracking, and understanding emerging drug trends / D. OLSZEWSKIPermalinkYouth's recreation and drug sensations : is there a relationship ? / CATO B.M.PermalinkYouth smoking cessation: an update for primary care physicians / L. CHINETPermalinkYouth supplying tobacco to other minors: Evaluating individual and town-level correlates / S. B. POKORNY ; L. A. JASON ; M. E. SCHOENY in Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol.35, n°5 (October 2006)PermalinkYouth tobacco access and possession policy interventions: effects on observed and perceived tobacco use / L. A. JASON ; S. B. POKORNY ; M. ADAMS ; A. TOPLIFF ; C. HARRIS ; Y. HUNT in American Journal on Addictions, Vol.18, n°5 (September-October 2009)Permalink