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International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research . Vol.2, n°2Mention de date : 2013
Paru le : 01/10/2013
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Social contexts and the occurrence of episodic heavy drinking / D. PIONTEK ; L. KRAUS ; F. RIST in International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research, Vol.2, n°2 (2013)
in International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research > Vol.2, n°2 (2013) . - 45-52
Titre : Social contexts and the occurrence of episodic heavy drinking Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : D. PIONTEK ; L. KRAUS ; F. RIST Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 45-52 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ADULTE JEUNE ; MILIEU ETUDIANT ; ALCOOL ; ABUS ; ENQUETE ; MOTIVATION ; TYPE D'USAGE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : Aims: This study aims to investigate the influence of social context variables on Episodic Heavy Drinking (EHD) among young adults. It will assess (a) whether EHD is predicted by characteristics of the specific drinking situation and drinking motives, and (b) whether the influence of drinking motives is moderated by public versus private drinking.
Design/Setting: Data were collected by means of an online survey conducted at the University of Münster (Germany) in December 2008.
Participants: The analytical sample consisted of 1,638 students.
Instruments: Information was collected on socio-demographics, habitual drinking behavior (beverage-specific quantity and frequency within the past 30 days, EHD, drunkenness), and drinking motives (Drinking Motive Questionnaire Revised, DMQ-R). Moreover, participants described a recent drinking situation (beverage-specific quantity, drunkenness) as well as the social context related to this situation (time, place, people present, other substances used). Multivariate regression analyses were used to test the influence of context variables and their interaction with drinking motives.
Findings: Drinking at a birthday or special party, during the weekend, or in a group where many people were drunk and playing drinking games increased the risk of EHD. Social and enhancement motives were associated with a higher risk for EHD, whereas conformity motives had a protective effect on heavy drinking. The effect of conformity motives was only present in public drinking situations.
Conclusions: Drinking in young people is a social phenomenon related to situational influences as well as individual characteristics. In addition, there seems to be situational moderation of the impact of specific drinking motives.
Affiliation : IFT Institut für Therapieforschung, Munich, Germany Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.7895/ijadr.v2i2.106 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=73213[article]Alcohol dependence treatment in the EU: A literature search and expert consultation about the availability and use of guidelines in all EU countries plus Iceland, Norway, and Switzerland / J. REHM ; M. X. REHM ; H. ALHO ; A. ALLAMANI ; H. J. AUBIN ; G. BÜHRINGER ; J. B. DAEPPEN ; U. FRICK ; A. GUAL ; N. HEATHER in International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research, Vol.2, n°2 (2013)
in International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research > Vol.2, n°2 (2013) . - 53-67
Titre : Alcohol dependence treatment in the EU: A literature search and expert consultation about the availability and use of guidelines in all EU countries plus Iceland, Norway, and Switzerland Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. REHM ; M. X. REHM ; H. ALHO ; A. ALLAMANI ; H. J. AUBIN ; G. BÜHRINGER ; J. B. DAEPPEN ; U. FRICK ; A. GUAL ; N. HEATHER Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 53-67 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
EUROPE ; UNION EUROPEENNE ; ISLANDE ; NORVEGE ; SUISSE
ALCOOL ; DEPENDANCE ; TRAITEMENT ; RECOMMANDATION ; COMPARAISON ; PRATIQUE PROFESSIONNELLE ; ENTRETIEN ; REDUCTION DE CONSOMMATION ; ABSTINENCE ; SEVRAGE
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : Aim: To describe guidelines and common practices for alcohol dependence treatment in Europe.
Design: Systematic and qualitative review; for each country, guidelines were identified via systematic literature research, followed by interviews with treatment experts.
Setting: European Union (EU) countries plus Iceland, Norway, and Switzerland.
Participants: Experts in alcohol dependence treatments and treatment systems.
Measure: Semi-structured questionnaire for interviews.
Findings: While fewer than half of EU countries have formal national guidelines for alcohol dependence treatment, a majority of these countries have guidelines by professional organizations such as psychiatric or neuropsychopharmacologic societies, and several are currently developing such guidelines. Abstinence is the usual treatment goal, but the majority of countries accept reduction of drinking as an intermediate or secondary goal, in practice even more than in the guidelines. Psychotherapy, mainly cognitive-behavioral approaches, motivational interviewing, and family therapy, is the most common treatment for relapse prevention, in part accompanied by pharmacotherapy (disulfiram, acamprosate and naltrexone being used most often).
Conclusions: There are differences in treatment for alcohol dependence in Europe. The introduction of reduction of drinking as one treatment goal may attract more patients.
Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Affiliation : Social and Epidemiological Research (SER) Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.7895/ijadr.v2i2.89 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=73214[article]