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Auteur M. A. RUSSELL
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Emergence of electronic cigarette use in US adolescents and the link to traditional cigarette use / S. T. LANZA ; M. A. RUSSELL ; J. L. BRAYMILLER in Addictive Behaviors, Vol.67 (April 2017)
in Addictive Behaviors > Vol.67 (April 2017) . - 38-43
Titre : Emergence of electronic cigarette use in US adolescents and the link to traditional cigarette use Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : S. T. LANZA ; M. A. RUSSELL ; J. L. BRAYMILLER Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : 38-43 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ADOLESCENT ; CIGARETTE ELECTRONIQUE ; PHENOMENE EMERGENT ; TABAC ; ENQUETE ; AGE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; ETHNIE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Résumé : Background: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are increasingly used by US adolescents and may be a gateway to traditional cigarette use. We examine rates of both products by age and examine differences in age-varying rates by sex and race/ethnicity.
Methods: Data are from the 2014 National Youth Tobacco Survey, a national sample of US middle and high school students (n = 22.007); students ages 11-19 were included. Past 30-day e-cigarette and traditional cigarette use were examined as a function of age; sex and race/ethnicity were included as moderators. The age-varying association between e-cigarette and traditional cigarette use was also examined.
Results: Rates of e-cigarette use increase faster than traditional cigarette use from ages 13-16. Compared to females, males had higher rates of e-cigarette use from ages 14-17.5 and traditional cigarette use from ages 15-18. Between ages 12-14, more Hispanic adolescents used e-cigarettes compared to White or Black adolescents; after age 14 Hispanics and Whites reported similar rates, peaking at twice the rate for Blacks. Hispanic adolescents report greater traditional cigarette use versus Whites between ages 12-13, but lower rates between ages 15-18. E-cigarette use was strongly associated with traditional cigarette use, particularly during early adolescence [OR > 40 before age 12].
Conclusions: Young Hispanic adolescents are at elevated risk for use of e-cigarettes and traditional cigarettes during early adolescence. During early adolescence, youth using e-cigarettes are more likely to smoke traditional cigarettes compared to youth not using e-cigarettes. The study of age-varying effects holds promise for advancing understanding of disparities in health risk behaviors.
An innovative method is used to examine age trends in adolescent e-cigarette use from a large, contemporary data set.
Rates of e-cigarette use increase faster than traditional cigarette use from ages 13-16.
Risk for e-cigarette use was higher for male and Hispanic adolescents at certain ages.
E-cigarette and traditional cigarette use were strongly associated throughout adolescence, particularly prior to age 15.
Affiliation : The Methodology Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=78559[article]