A partir de cette page vous pouvez :
|Retourner au premier écran avec les dernières notices...||Votre compte|
Détail de l'auteur
Auteur E. ALLEN
Documents disponibles écrits par cet auteur
Ajouter le résultat dans votre panier Faire une suggestion Affiner la recherche
A brief high school prevention program to decrease alcohol usage and change social norms / C. MOGRO-WILSON ; E. ALLEN ; C. CAVALLUCCI in Social Work Research, Vol.41, n°1 (March 2017)
in Social Work Research > Vol.41, n°1 (March 2017) . - 53-62
Titre : A brief high school prevention program to decrease alcohol usage and change social norms Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : C. MOGRO-WILSON ; E. ALLEN ; C. CAVALLUCCI Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : 53-62 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
PROGRAMME ; PREVENTION ; INTERVENTION BREVE ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; NORME ; REDUCTION DE CONSOMMATION ; EFFICACITE
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : This study assessed the effectiveness of Refuse, Remove, Reasons (RRR), a universal classroom-based substance abuse prevention program for urban and suburban high school students. A total of 1,352 adolescents were part of either a treatment (n = 678) or a comparison group (n = 674). The study evaluated the influence of implementing RRR in decreasing alcohol use, increasing perceived risk of drug use, decreasing social norms drug use, and increasing perceptions about negative consequences of drug use. Participants were assessed at baseline and treatment exit. One-way between-groups analyses of covariances were used to detect significant differences between treatment and comparison groups, using the pretest as a covariate. Findings indicated that RRR significantly reduced getting drunk from alcohol, decreased social norms and acceptance of alcohol and cigarettes, and increased perceptions about negative consequences of drug use for the treatment group compared with the comparison group. Results support school-based prevention models for reducing alcohol use and changing social norms for high school youths. Affiliation : School of Social Work, University of Connecticut, West Hartford, CT, USA Lien : https://doi.org/10.1093/swr/svw023 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=78756[article]Low incidence of hepatitis C virus among prisoners in Scotland / A. TAYLOR ; A. MUNRO ; E. ALLEN ; K. DUNLEAVY ; S. CAMERON ; L. MILLER ; M. HICKMAN in Addiction, Vol.108, n°7 (July 2013)
in Addiction > Vol.108, n°7 (July 2013) . - 1296-1304
Titre : Low incidence of hepatitis C virus among prisoners in Scotland Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : A. TAYLOR ; A. MUNRO ; E. ALLEN ; K. DUNLEAVY ; S. CAMERON ; L. MILLER ; M. HICKMAN Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 1296-1304 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
HEPATITE ; PREVALENCE ; PRISON ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES ; SUBSTITUTION ; DEPISTAGE ; SANG ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE
ECOSSE ; ROYAUME-UNI
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : AIMS. To estimate hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence and HCV risk among Scottish prisoners.
DESIGN. National sero-behavioural survey; dried blood spots were collected in order to identify recent HCV infections (i.e. HCV antibody-negative and HCV polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-positive).
SETTING. All 14 closed prisons in Scotland.
PARTICIPANTS. A total of 5187 prisoners responded to the survey (79% of available prisoners on survey days) comprising 5076 individuals (after removing incomplete returns and participants surveyed in more than one prison); 95% men, 32% (1625) reported an injecting history (PWID) and median sentence of 9.5 months. HCV antibody samples were available for 4904 participants; there was sufficient sera for HCV PCR for 2446 prisoners who had been in prison for at least 75 days.
MEASUREMENTS. The estimate of in-prison recent infections is based on prisoners incarcerated for a sufficient period, i.e. at least 75 days, so that recent infections could be attributed to prison.
FINDINGS. Overall HCV prevalence was 19%; 53% among people who reported an injecting history and 3% among other prisoners. Three recent infections probably acquired in prison were detected. None of the cases reported injecting during their current sentence or any other potential exposure. Estimated incidence was 0.6–0.9% overall and 3.0–4.3% among PWID (assuming all infections acquired through injecting). Fifty-seven per cent (929) of PWID were receiving opiate substitution treatment (OST) at the time of the survey. Of all prisoners, 2.5% and 8% of PWID reported injecting during their current period of incarceration.
CONCLUSION. The low incidence of HCV infections in Scottish prisons is due most probably to the low occurrence of in-prison injecting and high coverage of OST. Low HCV risk can be achieved in prisons without necessarily introducing needle exchange programmes, but close monitoring of risk behaviours is essential. If risk increases, provision of needle exchange should be considered.
The low incidence of hepatitis C virus infections in Scottish prisons is probably due to the low occurrence of in-prison injecting and the high coverage of opiate substitution treatment.
Refs biblio. : 47 Affiliation : School of Social Sciences, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley, Scotland, UK Cote : Abonnement Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.12107 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=72729[article]The impact of needle and syringe provision and opiate substitution therapy on the incidence of hepatitis C virus in injecting drug users: pooling of UK evidence / K. M. E. TURNER ; S. HUTCHINSON ; P. VICKERMAN ; V. HOPE ; N. CRAINE ; N. E. PALMATEER ; M. MAY ; A. TAYLOR ; D. DE ANGELIS ; S. CAMERON ; J. PARRY ; M. LYONS ; D. GOLDBERG ; E. ALLEN ; M. HICKMAN in Addiction, Vol.106, n°11 (November 2011)
in Addiction > Vol.106, n°11 (November 2011) . - 1978-1988
Titre : The impact of needle and syringe provision and opiate substitution therapy on the incidence of hepatitis C virus in injecting drug users: pooling of UK evidence Titre traduit : (L'impact de la fourniture d'aiguilles et de seringues et d'une thérapie de substitution sur l'incidence du virus de l'hépatite C chez les usagers de drogue injecteurs : mise en commun des preuves au Royaume-Uni) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : K. M. E. TURNER ; S. HUTCHINSON ; P. VICKERMAN ; V. HOPE ; N. CRAINE ; N. E. PALMATEER ; M. MAY ; A. TAYLOR ; D. DE ANGELIS ; S. CAMERON ; J. PARRY ; M. LYONS ; D. GOLDBERG ; E. ALLEN ; M. HICKMAN Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 1978-1988 Note générale : • Commentary: Significant global scale-up of harm reduction interventions and pragmatic research approaches needed to prevent hepatitis C transmission. Day C., Topp L., p. 1989-1990.
• Analyse : "Impact des pratiques d'injection sur l'incidence de l'hépatite C chez les usagers de drogue", Lert F. Swaps, 2012, n°69, p. 13-14.
Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
PROGRAMME ; ECHANGE DE SERINGUES ; HEPATITE ; USAGER ; INJECTION ; TRAITEMENT DE MAINTENANCE ; SUBSTITUTION ; METHADONE ; PREVENTION PRIMAIRE ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES ; INCIDENCE
Discipline : MAL Maladies infectieuses / Infectious diseases Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : AIMS To investigate whether opiate substitution therapy (OST) and needle and syringe programmes (NSP) can reduce hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission among injecting drug users (IDUs).
DESIGN Meta-analysis and pooled analysis, with logistic regression allowing adjustment for gender, injecting duration, crack injecting and homelessness.
SETTING Six UK sites (Birmingham, Bristol, Glasgow, Leeds, London and Wales), community recruitment.
PARTICIPANTS A total of 2986 IDUs surveyed during 2001-09.
MEASUREMENT Questionnaire responses were used to define intervention categories for OST (on OST or not) and high NSP coverage (>=100% versus <100% needles per injection). The primary outcome was new HCV infection, measured as antibody seroconversion at follow-up or HCV antibody-negative/RNA-positive result in cross-sectional surveys.
FINDINGS Preliminary meta-analysis showed little evidence of heterogeneity between the studies on the effects of OST (I² = 48%, P = 0.09) and NSP (I² = 0%, P = 0.75), allowing data pooling. The analysis of both interventions included 919 subjects with 40 new HCV infections. Both receiving OST and high NSP coverage were associated with a reduction in new HCV infection [adjusted odds ratios (AORs) = 0.41, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.21-0.82 and 0.48, 95% CI: 0.25-0.93, respectively]. Full harm reduction (on OST plus high NSP coverage) reduced the odds of new HCV infection by nearly 80% (AOR = 0.21, 95% CI: 0.08-0.52). Full harm reduction was associated with a reduction in self-reported needle sharing by 48% (AOR 0.52, 95% CI: 0.32-0.83) and mean injecting frequency by 20.8 injections per month (95% CI: -27.3 to -14.4).
CONCLUSIONS There is good evidence that uptake of opiate substitution therapy and high coverage of needle and syringe programmes can substantially reduce the risk of hepatitis C virus transmission among injecting drug users. Research is now required on whether the scaling-up of intervention exposure can reduce and limit hepatitis C virus prevalence in this population.
Refs biblio. : 46 Affiliation : School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom Cote : Abonnement Lien : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03515.x/abstract Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=68031[article]Uptake of paraphernalia from injecting equipment provision services and its association with sharing of paraphernalia among injecting drug users in Scotland / E. ASPINALL ; S. J. HUTCHINSON ; A. TAYLOR ; N. E. PALMATEER ; M. HELLARD ; E. ALLEN ; D. GOLDBERG in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol.126, n°3 (December 2012)
in Drug and Alcohol Dependence > Vol.126, n°3 (December 2012) . - 340-346
Titre : Uptake of paraphernalia from injecting equipment provision services and its association with sharing of paraphernalia among injecting drug users in Scotland Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : E. ASPINALL ; S. J. HUTCHINSON ; A. TAYLOR ; N. E. PALMATEER ; M. HELLARD ; E. ALLEN ; D. GOLDBERG Année de publication : 2012 Article en page(s) : 340-346 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ECOSSE ; ROYAUME-UNI
MATERIEL D'INJECTION ; MATERIEL LIE A L'USAGE ; HEPATITE ; INJECTION ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : Background: There has been a significant increase in the provision of injecting paraphernalia from Scottish injecting equipment provision (IEP) services. However, there is currently a lack of evidence on whether uptake of paraphernalia has any impact on paraphernalia sharing among injecting drug users (IDU). The aim of this study was to examine the factors associated with paraphernalia sharing; in particular, whether uptake of filters, spoons and sterile water from IEPs is associated with a reduction in the sharing of these items.
Methods: A cross-sectional voluntary anonymous survey of 2037 IDUs was administered during 2008-2009. Participants were asked whether they had shared filters, spoons or water (paraphernalia) in the previous 6 months, and their uptake of these items from an IEP during an average week in the previous 6 months.
Results: Self-reported uptake of paraphernalia in an average week during the previous 6 months was associated with reduced odds of sharing paraphernalia: (i) uptake of >30 filters was associated with a reduced odds of sharing filters (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.50, 95% confidence interval 0.32-0.79); (ii) uptake of >30 spoons was associated with a reduced odds of sharing spoons (AOR 0.46, 95% confidence interval 0.28-0.74); and (iii) uptake of sterile water was associated with a reduced odds of sharing water (AOR 0.36, 95% confidence interval 0.22-0.61) compared to no uptake of each of these items.
Conclusions: Uptake of paraphernalia appears to be associated with safer injecting practice. Further research is needed to establish the impact of paraphernalia provision on HCV transmission.
Affiliation : Health Protection Scotland, National Services Scotland, Glasgow, UK Cote : Abonnement Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=71097[article]