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Auteur Transform Drug Policy Foundation
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After the war on drugs: blueprint for regulation / Transform Drug Policy Foundation
Titre : After the war on drugs: blueprint for regulation Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Année de publication : 2009 Editeur : Bristol : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Importance : 215 p. Note générale : Bristol, Transform Drug Policy Foundation, 2009, 215 p. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
REGLEMENTATION ; PROHIBITION ; DISTRIBUTION CONTROLEE ; VENTE ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; ALCOOL ; TABAC ; CANNABIS ; STIMULANTS ; HALLUCINOGENES ; ANTIDEPRESSEURS ; POLITIQUE ; LEGALISATION
Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Résumé : There is a growing recognition around the world that the prohibition of drugs is a counterproductive failure. However, a major barrier to drug law reform has been a widespread fear of the unknownjust what could a post-prohibition regime look like?
For the first time, "After the War on Drugs: Blueprint for Regulation" answers that question by proposing specific models of regulation for each main type and preparation of prohibited drug, coupled with the principles and rationale for doing so.
We demonstrate that moving to the legal regulation of drugs is not an unthinkable, politically impossible step in the dark, but a sensible, pragmatic approach to control drug production, supply and use. [Editor's abstract]
Affiliation : Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom. Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : E00908 Lien : http://www.tdpf.org.uk/blueprint%20download.htm Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=51534Cannabis social clubs in Spain: legalisation without commercialisation / Transform Drug Policy Foundation
Titre : Cannabis social clubs in Spain: legalisation without commercialisation Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Année de publication : 2015 Editeur : Bristol : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Importance : 4 p. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
CANNABIS ; RESEAU SOCIAL ; LEGALISATION ; MODELE ; COMMERCE
Discipline : MAR Marché de la drogue / Drug market Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : ENGLISH:
Cannabis social clubs (CSCs) are private, non-profit organisations in which cannabis is collectively grown and distributed to registered members. With no profit motive to increase cannabis consumption or initiate new users, the clubs offer a more cautious, public health-centred alternative to large-scale retail cannabis markets dominated by commercial enterprises. The growth of the CSC model in Spain demonstrates that cannabis legalisation does not have to mean commercialisation. As CSCs show, it is entirely possible to restrict the availability and promotion of cannabis while at the same time making the drug legally available to adult users.
Additionally, the UN drug conventions have been interpreted as permitting CSCs, on the basis that they are an extension of decriminalisation policies. Because of this, the CSC model avoids many of the political and diplomatic obstacles associated with more far-reaching systems of legal regulation.
Ce document :
* fait le point sur les modalités de fonctionnement des Cannabis social clubs
* explicite les bénéfices d'une approche non commerciale du produit
* aborde la question de l'équilibre de ce modèle dans un contexte de multiplication et de développement des CSC.
Refs biblio. : 17 Affiliation : UK Lien : http://www.tdpf.org.uk/blog/cannabis-social-clubs-spain-legalisation-without-com [...] Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=75288A comparison of the cost-effectiveness of the prohibition and regulation of drugs / Transform Drug Policy Foundation
Titre : A comparison of the cost-effectiveness of the prohibition and regulation of drugs Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Année de publication : 2009 Editeur : Bristol : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Importance : 53 p. Présentation : ann. ; graph. ; tabl. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
COUT ; EFFICACITE ; COMPARAISON ; REGLEMENTATION ; PROHIBITION ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; POLITIQUE
Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
Il s'agit de la première étude comparative des coûts respectifs de la prohibition et de la légalisation. Selon les auteurs, « Le gouvernement affirme que toute avancée du système de prohibition vers la régulation entrainerait des coûts supérieurs aux bénéfices. Mais aucune analyse comparative coûts/bénéfices ni aucune étude d'impact des politiques actuelles n'a jamais été menée en Grande-Bretagne ni d'ailleurs à l'étranger. »
Despite the billions spent each year on proactive and reactive drug law enforcement, the punitive prohibitionist approach has consistently delivered the opposite of its stated goals. The Governments own data clearly demonstrates drug supply and availability increasing; use of drugs that cause the most harm increasing; health harms increasing; massive levels of crime created at all scales leading to a crisis in the criminal justice system; and illicit drug profits enriching criminals, fuelling conflict and destabilising producer and transit countries from Mexico to Afghanistan. This is an expensive policy that, in the words of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, has also created a raft of negative unintended consequences. Alternative approaches - involving established regulatory models of controlling drug production, supply and use - have not been considered or costed. The limited cost effectiveness analysis of current policy that has been undertaken has frequently been suppressed. In terms of scrutinizing major public policy and spending initiatives, current drug policy is unique in this regard. This paper is an attempt to begin to redress these failings by comparing the costs and benefits of the current policy of drug prohibition, with those of a proposed model for the legal regulation of drugs in the UK. We also identify areas of further research, and steps to ensure future drugs policy is genuinely based on evidence of what works. This initial analysis demonstrates that a move to legally regulated drug supply would deliver substantial benefits to the Treasury and wider community, even in the highly unlikely event of a substantial increase in use. (From the editor' s abstract)
Refs biblio. : 84 Affiliation : UK Lien : http://www.tdpf.org.uk/resources/publications/comparison-cost-effectiveness-proh [...] Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=51927Drug policy in Sweden: a repressive approach that increases harm / Transform Drug Policy Foundation
Titre : Drug policy in Sweden: a repressive approach that increases harm Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Année de publication : 2014 Editeur : Bristol : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Importance : 4 p. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
REPRESSION ; POLITIQUE ; PREVALENCE ; EVOLUTION ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES ; MORTALITE
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : The central aim of Swedish drug policy is to create a drug-free society. To achieve this aim, the country has adopted a punitive, enforcement-led approach to drugs. It is this approach, some have argued, that is responsible for Sweden's historically low levels of drug use. This apparent success of the Swedish model is therefore often presented as an argument against drug policy reforms such as decriminalisation and legal regulation.
However, the degree to which Sweden's low prevalence of drug use can be attributed to its repressive approach is highly questionable, as research consistently shows that wider social, economic and cultural factors are the key drivers of drug prevalence - not the harshness of enforcement.
Also of note is that levels of drug use in Sweden, while in relative terms still very low, are increasing. Furthermore, the Swedish model - in particular its antipathy to proven harm reduction measures - has had serious negative consequences that are almost never mentioned by its advocates. These include alarmingly high rates of hepatitis C among people who inject drugs, and a 600% increase in drug-induced deaths over the last 20 years.
Refs biblio. : 22 Lien : http://www.tdpf.org.uk/resources/publications/drug-policy-sweden-repressive-appr [...] Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=75204Heroin-assisted treatment in Switzerland: successfully regulating the supply and use of a high-risk injectable drug / Transform Drug Policy Foundation
Titre : Heroin-assisted treatment in Switzerland: successfully regulating the supply and use of a high-risk injectable drug Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : Transform Drug Policy Foundation ; S. ROLLES Année de publication : 2016 Editeur : Bristol : Transform Drug Policy Foundation Importance : 4 p. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
HEROINE ; DISTRIBUTION CONTROLEE ; SALLE DE CONSOMMATION A MOINDRE RISQUE ; EFFICACITE
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : A number of countries - including Switzerland, the UK, Germany, the Netherlands and Canada - prescribe heroin for use under medical supervision, as part of successful programmes to treat long-term users of illicit opioids.
Heroin-assisted treatment (HAT) is significantly less common than opioid substitution treatment (OST). This is because HAT is typically reserved for opioid users who have proven unresponsive to other forms of treatment, and because it is considered more politically controversial. But despite its relatively limited availability, there is now a substantial body of evidence demonstrating the effectiveness of HAT. This evidence provides useful lessons for managing one of the most risky and problematic forms of drug use as a public health challenge, rather than a criminal justice one.
Legally recognised as a medical intervention and therefore not prohibited by the UN drug conventions, HAT shows the wider potential benefits - locally, nationally and internationally - of moving the supply and use of an illicit drug into a completely legal, strictly regulated market. The experience of Switzerland, which became a pioneer of HAT in the 1990s, represents the most comprehensive source of empirical evidence on the outcomes of such a transition. It suggests that if this form of treatment were rolled out widely - particularly in major consumer countries - it could have major benefits for many people dependent on heroin, and a significant impact on the scale of illicit drug markets.
Refs biblio. : 20 Affiliation : UK Lien : http://www.tdpf.org.uk/resources/publications/heroin-assisted-treatment-switzerl [...] Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=78341How to regulate cannabis: A practical guide / Transform Drug Policy FoundationPermalinkHow to regulate cannabis: A practical guide. Second edition / Transform Drug Policy FoundationPermalinkLa réglementation du cannabis et les traités de l'ONU sur les drogues. Stratégies de réforme / Coalition canadienne des politiques sur les drogues (CCPD) ; Global Drug Policy Observatory ; International Centre on Human Rights and Drug Policy ; Mexico United Against Crime ; Réseau juridique canadien VIH/sida = Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network ; Transform Drug Policy Foundation ; TNI ; Washington Office on Latin America ; D. R. BEWLEY-TAYLOR ; M. JELSMA ; S. ROLLES ; J. WALSHPermalink