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Auteur W. A. VOLLEBERGH
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12-Month comorbidity patterns and associated factors in Europe: results from the European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD) project / ESEMED in Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol.109, Suppl. s420 (June 2004)
in Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica > Vol.109, Suppl. s420 (June 2004) . - 28-37
Titre : 12-Month comorbidity patterns and associated factors in Europe: results from the European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD) project Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : ESEMED ; ESEMED-MHEDEA 2000 Investigators ; J. ALONSO ; M. C. ANGERMEYER ; S. BERNERT ; BRUFFAERTS R. ; T. S. BRUGHA ; BRYSON H. ; G. DE GIROLAMO ; GRAAF R. ; DEMYTTENAERE K. ; GASQUET I. ; HARO J. M. ; S. J. KATZ ; R. C. KESSLER ; V. KOVESS ; J. P. LEPINE ; J. ORMEL ; POLIDORI G. ; L. J. RUSSO ; VILAGUT G. ; J. ALMANSA ; S. ARBABZADEH-BOUCHEZ ; J. AUTONELL ; M. BERNAL ; BUIST-BOUWMAN M. A. ; CODONY M. ; A. DOMINGO-SALVANY ; M. FERRER ; JOO S. S. ; M. MARTINEZ-ALONSO ; MATSCHINGER H. ; MAZZI F. ; Z. MORGAN ; P. MOROSINI ; PALACIN C. ; ROMERA B. ; TAUB N. ; W. A. VOLLEBERGH Année de publication : 2004 Article en page(s) : 28-37 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
COMORBIDITE ; TROUBLES DE L'HUMEUR ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE ; ANXIETE ; ALCOOL ; PSYCHIATRIE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; DIAGNOSTIC
EUROPE ; BELGIQUE ; FRANCE ; ALLEMAGNE ; ITALIE ; PAYS-BAS ; ESPAGNE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : OBJECTIVE: Comorbidity patterns of 12-month mood, anxiety and alcohol disorders and socio-demographic factors associated with comorbidity were studied among the general population of six European countries. METHOD: Data were derived from the European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD), a cross-sectional psychiatric epidemiological study in a representative sample of adults aged 18 years or older in Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain. The diagnostic instrument used was the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDI). Data are based on 21 425 completed interviews. RESULTS: In general, high associations were found within the separate anxiety disorders and between mood and anxiety disorders. Lowest comorbidity associations were found for specific phobia and alcohol abuse-the disorders with the least functional disabilities. Comorbidity patterns were consistent cross-nationally. Associated factors for comorbidity of mood and anxiety disorders were female gender, younger age, lower educational level, higher degree of urbanicity, not living with a partner and unemployment. Only younger people were at greater risk for comorbidity of alcohol disorder with mood, anxiety disorders or both. CONCLUSION: High levels of comorbidity are found in the general population. Comorbidity is more common in specific groups. To reduce psychiatric burden, early intervention in populations with a primary disorder is important to prevent comorbidity. (Author' s abstract) Refs biblio. : 34 Affiliation : Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Da Costakade 45, 3521 VS Utrecht. Pays-Bas. Netherlands. Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A03514 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=52982[article]Buying cannabis in 'coffee shops' / K. MONSHOUWER ; M. VAN LAAR ; W. A. VOLLEBERGH in Drug and Alcohol Review, Vol.30, n°2 (March 2011)
in Drug and Alcohol Review > Vol.30, n°2 (March 2011) . - 148-156
Titre : Buying cannabis in 'coffee shops' Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : K. MONSHOUWER ; M. VAN LAAR ; W. A. VOLLEBERGH Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 148-156 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
CANNABIS ; ACHAT ; COFFEE SHOP ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; POLITIQUE ; REGLEMENTATION ; EVALUATION ; PREVALENCE ; TOURISME DE LA DROGUE
Discipline : MAR Marché de la drogue / Drug market Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Résumé : ISSUES: The key objective of Dutch cannabis policy is to prevent and limit the risks of cannabis consumption for users, their direct environment and society ('harm reduction'). This paper will focus on the tolerated sale of cannabis in 'coffee shops'.
APPROACH: We give a brief overview of Dutch policy on coffee shops, its history and recent developments. Furthermore, we present epidemiological data that may be indicative of the effects of the coffee shop policy on cannabis and other drug use.
KEY FINDINGS: Dutch coffee shop policy has become more restrictive in recent years and the number of coffee shops has decreased. Cannabis prevalence rates in the adult population are somewhat below the European average; the rate is relatively high among adolescents; and age of first use appears to be low. On a European level, the use of hard drugs in both the Dutch adult and adolescent population is average to low (except for ecstasy among adults).
IMPLICATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS: International comparisons do not suggest a strong, upward effect of the coffee shop system on levels of cannabis use, although prevalence rates among Dutch adolescents give rise to concern. Furthermore, the coffee shop system appears to be successful in separating the hard and soft drugs markets. Nevertheless, in recent years, issues concerning the involvement of organised crime and the public nuisance related to drug tourism have given rise to several restrictive measures on the local level and have sparked a political debate on the reform of Dutch drug policy.
Refs biblio. : 27 Affiliation : Trimbos Institute (Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction), Utrecht, The Netherlands Lien : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2010.00268.x/abstract Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=67801[article]